Lind, John, 1854-1930

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John Lind was born in 1854 in Sweden and emigrated to Minnesota in 1868. From a career as a lawyer he went on to become the first Swedish-born American elected to the United States House of Representatives. In 1898 he was elected governor of Minnesota on the Democratic-Populist ticket. In 1913 he was appointed as Woodrow Wilson's personal representative to Mexico, where he served until 1914. Following his return he resumed his law practice and was a supporter of Wilson's foreign policy and later of Progressive and Farmer-Labor party candidates. He died in Minneapolis in 1930.

From the description of Mexican mission papers of John Lind, 1913-1931 (inclusive), [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122549782

  • 1854: March 25. Born in Kånna parish, Småland province, Sweden, eldest of five children born to Peter Gustaf Jonasson and Katrina Jonasdatter.
  • 1868: Emigrated with family to United States; settled on a farm near Cannon Falls, Goodhue County, Minnesota. Father adopted name of Lind from name of family farm in Sweden, "Lindbacken." Left hand amputated as a result of a hunting accident.
  • 1869 - 1870 : Attended public school in Red Wing. Certified to teach 3rd grade.
  • 1871: Taught school in Goodhue County.
  • 1872: Moved with family to farm near Winthrop, Sibley County, Minnesota.
  • 1873: Taught school in Sibley County.
  • 1874 - 1875 : Employed in law office of Jonas Newhart in New Ulm, Brown County, Minnesota. Studied law and taught school.
  • 1875 - 1876 : Attended University of Minnesota. Taught night school.
  • 1876: Returned to New Ulm to assist Newhart in law practice.
  • 1877: Admitted to Minnesota bar. Opened own law office in New Ulm. Married Alice A. Shepard, daughter of Richard and Rowena Charity Stratton Shepard.
  • 1880: First son, Norman, born.
  • 1881: Appointed receiver of United States land office at Tracy, Lyon County, Minnesota, by President James A. Garfield; served until 1885.
  • 1884: Legal firm of Lind and Randall dissolved; succeeded by firm of Lind and Carl A. Hagberg. First daughter, Jenny, born.
  • 1886: First Swedish-born American to be elected to United States House of Representatives, from 2nd congressional district, Republican ticket, served 1887-1893 in 50th, 51st, and 52nd Congresses. During third term formed lasting friendship with Bryan, then representative from Nebraska. Primarily interested in the tariff, public lands, enforcement of Interstate Commerce Act, Indian affairs, bimetallism, railroads, shipping, postal telegraph, organized labor, and immigration restriction.
  • 1890: Second daughter, Winifred, born.
  • 1892: Declined to seek re-election to House of Representatives, in part because he did not feel in "full accord" with Republican party on such "vital questions" as free coinage of silver.
  • 1893: Resumed law practice in New Ulm. Appointed a regent of University of Minnesota by Governor Knute Nelson; resigned in 1894.
  • 1896: Left Republican party over Free Silver issue. Supported candidacy of Bryan, Democratic-People's ticket. Defeated in bid for governorship of Minnesota, Democratic-People's ticket, Free Silver platform.
  • 1898: Enlisted for service in Spanish-American War; served with rank of lieutenant as regimental quartermaster of the 12th Minnesota Volunteers in Cuba; however, opposed United States policy of imperialism and retention of Philippine Islands. Elected 14th governor of Minnesota, Democratic-Populist ticket; served 1899-1901. Primarily concerned with trust and railroad regulation, taxation, legal reform, public education, treatment of the insane, and organized labor.
  • 1900: Defeated for re-election as governor of Minnesota, Democratic-People's ticket. Campaign stressed trust regulation, imperialism, and militarism as primary national issues and taxation as paramount state issue. Second son, John Shepard, born.
  • 1901: Transferred residence from New Ulm to Minneapolis, Minnesota. Formed law partnership with Andreas Ueland that was maintained until 1914.
  • 1902: Elected to United States House of Representatives from 5th congressional district, Democratic ticket; served 1903-1905 in 58th Congress. Interested in interstate commerce, public lands, Indian affairs, and the tariff.
  • 1904: Declined to seek re-election to House.
  • 1908: Campaigned for presidential candidate Bryan, Democratic ticket. Appointed to board of regents of University of Minnesota by Governor John A. Johnson; served as president until 1914. Made Waldron M. Jerome a partner in law firm.
  • 1910: Declined Minnesota gubernatorial nomination, Democratic ticket.
  • 1912: Worked for nomination of Wilson as Democratic candidate for president. Traveled with family to Europe.
  • 1913: Declined to serve as assistant secretary of the interior and as United States minister to Sweden. Appointed by Wilson as his personal representative to Mexico; served until 1914. Supported Wilson's policy of neutrality with respect to World War I.
  • 1915: Appointed chairman of Minnesota chapter of League to Enforce Peace by its president, former President William Howard Taft. Accepted invitation to Mexico to meet President Venustiano Carranza.
  • 1916: Campaigned for re-election of Wilson.
  • 1917: Supported United States entry into World War I. Appointed to Minnesota Commission of Public Safety by Governor Joseph A. A. Burnquist; resigned in 1918.
  • 1918: Appointed chairman of Advisory Council to the Secretary of Labor and an umpire on National War Labor Board by Secretary of Labor William B. Wilson. Supported National Nonpartisan League's candidate for governor of Minnesota, Charles A. Lindbergh, Sr., in Republican primary election.
  • 1919: Supported Wilson's campaign for United States' entry into League of Nations.
  • 1922: Daughter Jenny died.
  • 1923: Established Lind Fund for the Aid of Deserving Crippled Children at University of Minnesota. Supported Farmer-Labor party's candidates for Minnesota state and national offices. Also supported them in 1926 and 1928.
  • 1928: Opposed presidential candidacy of Alfred E. Smith, Democratic ticket. Supported Republican party's candidate, Herbert C. Hoover. Appointed member of board of trustees of American Institute of Swedish Art, Literature, and Science.
  • 1930: September 18. Died in Minneapolis.

Chronology was taken from Deborah K. Neubeck's Guide to a Microfilm Edition of the Mexican Mission Papers of John Lind, St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society, 1971.

  • 1882: August 14. Born in New Ulm, Minnesota.
  • 1902: Graduated from University of Minnesota.
  • 1904: Proprietor in partnership with his father of Norman Lind & Co., brokers and wholesalers of Washington fir, spruce, and red cedar lumber and shingles, Everett, Washington.
  • 1905: Secretary-Treasurer, Pacific Timber Company, Everett, Washington.
  • 1913: Secretary-Treasurer, Nelson-Neal Lumber Company, Montborne, Washington.
  • 1914: January-April. In Veracruz, Mexico with father.
  • 1915: Representative for C. A. Smith Lumber Company, Oakland, California.
  • 1917: Lumber agent for shipper R. Lawrence Smith, New York. Formation of Lind Navigation Corporation with investments by Norman Lind, R. Lawrence Smith, Joseph Fyfe, E. A. Nelson, John Lind, and John Uno Sebenius.
  • 1926: Vice President, Ocean Transport Company, New York and San Francisco.
  • 1929: General Manager, Tacoma Oriental Steamship Company, Tacoma, Washington.
  • 1932: May 18. Died in Denver, Colorado.

Information taken from the collection.

From the guide to the John and Norman Lind papers., 1870-1933., (Minnesota Historical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Jackson, Joseph Ansgar, 1868-1938. Joseph A. Jackson and family papers, 1892-1940. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Andrew Adin Stomberg Papers, 1871-1943, (bulk 1910-1939) University of Minnesota Libraries. University of Minnesota Archives. [uarc]
referencedIn Alexander P. Anderson papers and research notebooks., 1855-2003 (bulk 1890-1943). Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Jones, Stiles P., 1862-1920. Stiles P. Jones and family papers, 1848-1918. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Stephenson, George M. (George Malcolm), 1883-1958. Papers, 1910-1958. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Minnesota. Governor (1889-1893 : Merriam). Records of Governor William R. Merriam, 1888-1901 (bulk 1888-1893). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Minneapolis Bar Association. Association papers, 1916-1934. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Minnesota. Governor (1899-1901 : Lind). Records of Governor John Lind, 1899-1904 (bulk 1899-1901). Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Brown, Edward Josiah, 1851-1938. Edward Josiah Brown and family papers, 1879-1975. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Lind, John, 1854-1930. Mexican mission papers of John Lind, 1913-1931 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Association records, [microform]., 1894-1923. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Day, Frank A. (Frank Arah), 1855-1928. Frank A. Day papers, 1889-1928. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf John and Norman Lind papers., 1870-1933. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925. William Jennings Bryan papers, 1877-1940 (bulk 1896-1925). Library of Congress
creatorOf Lind, John, 1854-1930. John and Norman Lind papers, 1870-1933. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Ellsworth, Franklin F. (Franklin Fowler), 1879-1942. Franklin F. Ellsworth papers, 1897-1943. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association. Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association records, 1894-1923 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn George Malcolm Stephenson papers, 1910-1958 University of Minnesota Libraries. University Archives [uarc]
referencedIn United States. Dept. of State. Records of the Department of State relating to internal affairs of Mexico, 1910-1929. Roll 1, Lists of documents, 812.00/311-11336 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Willard, John A., 1833-1897. John A. Willard correspondence, 1891. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn John A. Willard correspondence, 1891. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Lindegard, Axel. Axel Lindegard papers, 1861-1931. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Christie, David B., 1848-1920. David B. Christie and family correspondence, 1871-1933. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Frank D. Willis letters, 1889-1921. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Clemans, Ezra C., 1860-1939. Ezra C. Clemans papers, 1892-1939. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Willis, Frank D. Frank D. Willis letters, 1899-1921. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Records of Governor William R. Merriam, 1888-1901 (bulk 1888-1893). Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Minnesota. Election Division. Miscellaneous election materials, 1896, 1923-1996. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Hay, Eugene Gano, 1853-1933. Papers of Eugene Gano Hay, circa 1770-1933 (bulk 1877-1933). Library of Congress
creatorOf Burnquist, J. A. A. (Joseph Alfred Arner), 1879-1961. J. A. A. Burnquist papers, 1884-1961. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Stomberg, Andrew A. (Andrew Adin), 1871-1943. Papers, 1898-1939. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn United States. Dept. of State. Records of the Department of State relating to political relations between the United States and Mexico, 1910-1929. Roll 1, Lists of documents, 711.12/3-711.129 [microform]. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Rosing, Leonard August, 1861-1909. Leonard A. Rosing and family papers, 1882-1932. Minnesota Historical Society Library
creatorOf Brower, Jacob Vredenberg, 1844-1905. Jacob V. Brower papers, 1895-1941, 1969. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn William Jennings Bryan Papers, 1877-1940, (bulk 1896-1925) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Carranza, Venustiano, 1859-1920. Venustiano Carranza papers, 1912-1916. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Sweet, Albert Burbank, 1847-1943. Albert B. Sweet and family papers, 1865-1963. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Westphal, Gustavus Adolph, 1869-. Gustavus A. Westphal papers, 1890-1919, 1945. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn David B. Christie and family correspondence., 1871-1933. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Lind, John, 1854-1930. Autograph note signed John Lind to: [Hugh Fullerton] August 21, 1925. Wellesley College
referencedIn Records of Governor John Lind, 1899-1904 (bulk 1899-1901). Minnesota Historical Society.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anderson, A. P. (Alexander Pierce). person
associatedWith Brower, Jacob Vredenberg, 1844-1905. person
associatedWith Brower, J. V. (Jacob Vradenberg), 1844-1905. person
associatedWith Brown, Edward Josiah, 1851-1938. person
associatedWith Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925. person
associatedWith Burnquist, J. A. A. (Joseph Alfred Arner), 1879-1961. person
associatedWith Butler, Pierce, 1866-1939. person
associatedWith Carranza, Venustiano, 1859-1920. person
associatedWith Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947. person
associatedWith Christie, David B., 1848-1920. person
associatedWith Clemans, Ezra C., 1860-1939. person
associatedWith Davis, Cushman Kellogg, 1838-1900. person
associatedWith Day, Frank A. (Frank Arah), 1855-1928. person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Minn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Ellsworth, Franklin F. (Franklin Fowler), 1879-1942. person
associatedWith Fullerton, Hugh S. (Hugh Stuart), 1873-1945. person
associatedWith Gilbert, Cass, 1859-1934. person
correspondedWith Hay, Eugene Gano, 1853-1933. person
associatedWith Hill, James Jerome, 1838-1916. person
associatedWith Jackson, Joseph Ansgar, 1868-1938. person
associatedWith Jones, Stiles P., 1862-1920. person
associatedWith Kellogg, Frank B. (Frank Billings), 1856-1937. person
associatedWith Lindegard, Axel. person
associatedWith Lind Navigation Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Lind, Norman George, 1882-1932. person
associatedWith Mayo, William James, 1861-1939. person
associatedWith Minneapolis Bar Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota Commission of Public Safety. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota. Election Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota. Governor (1889-1893 : Merriam). corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota. Governor (1899-1901 : Lind). corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota. Legislature. House of Representatives. Committee on Labor and Labor Legislation. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota. Legislature. House of Representatives. Committee on Labor and Labor Legislation. 1917 Jan. 30. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota Woman Suffrage Association. corporateBody
associatedWith National Nonpartisan League. corporateBody
associatedWith Newbeck, Deborah K., person
associatedWith Ocean Transport Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (Minn.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rosing, Leonard August, 1861-1909. person
associatedWith Sebenius, John Uno, 1862-1932. person
associatedWith Shipstead, Henrik, 1881-1960. person
associatedWith Somsen, Henry N., 1875-1955. person
associatedWith States Steamship Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Stephenson, George M. (George Malcolm), 1883-1958. person
associatedWith Stomberg, Andrew A. (Andrew Adin), 1871-1943. person
associatedWith Sweet, Albert Burbank, 1847-1943. person
associatedWith Tacoma Oriental Steamship Company. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Minnesota Infantry Regiment, 12th (1898-1899) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Minnesota Infantry Regiment, 12th, 1898-1899. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National War Labor Board (1918-1919) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Shipping Board. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Tracy Land Office. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Minnesota. Board of Regents. corporateBody
associatedWith Volstead, Andrew J. (Andrew John), 1860-1947. person
associatedWith Washburn, William D. (William Drew), 1831-1912. person
associatedWith Westphal, Gustavus Adolph, 1869- person
associatedWith Willard, John A., 1833-1897. person
associatedWith Willis, Frank D. person
associatedWith Willis, Frank D. person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Minnesota
Minnesota
Mexico
United States
Red Lake Indian Reservation (Minn.).
United States
Washington (State)
Iron Range (Minn.).
Red Lake Indian Reservation (Minn.)
Itasca State Park (Minn.)
Itasca State Park (Minn.).
Subject
Ojibwa Indians--Land tenure--Minnesota
Strikes and lockouts--Lumber trade
Steamboat lines
Ojibwa Indians--Government relations
Corporation law
Land titles--Minnesota
Presidents--United States--Election
Lumbering--Minnesota
Land titles
Elections--Minnesota
Forest reserves--Minnesota
Agriculture--Economic aspects
Presidents--Election
Silver question--Minnesota
Grain--research
Grain--Research--Minnesota
Lumbering
Labor--Minnesota
World War, 1914-1918--Manpower--Minnesota
Strikes and lockouts--Miners--Minnesota
Lumber trade--Washington
Silver question
Postal service--Minnesota
Forest reserves
Corporation law--United States
Iron ranges
World War, 1914-1918--Manpower
Spanish--American War, 1898--Equipment and supplies
Agriculture--Economic aspects--Minnesota
Ojibwa Indians--Minnesota--Governmental relations
Railroads
Steamboats
Strikes and lockouts--Lumber trade--Minnesota
Strikes and lockouts--Miners
Lumber trade
Shipping
Labor
Railroads--Minnesota
Postal service
Ojibwa Indians--Land tenure
Steamboat lines--United States
Elections
Occupation
Lawyers--Minnesota
Lawyers
Diplomats
Quartermasters--Minnesota
Politicians--Minnesota
Businesspeople
Governors--Minnesota
Function

Person

Birth 1854-03-25

Death 1930-09-18

Information

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Ark ID: w6b85b4h

SNAC ID: 38749553