Cravath, Swaine & Moore

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Cravath, Swaine & Moore is a major Wall Street law firm that traces its beginnings to the law practice begun by William H. Seward in Auburn, N.Y., in 1823. It assumed its current character when Paul D. Cravath joined the firm of Seward, Guthrie & Steele in 1899. Cravath became senior partner in 1906. After a number of changes, the firm became Cravath, Swaine & Moore in 1944. Cravath pioneered the development of the modern corporate law office and developed a system that paralleled the trends toward professionalizaton and bureaucraticization that were occurring elsewhere in the business world. The firm played a leading role in the industrial combinations at the turn of century and helped business to cope with the growth of the regulatory state in the years since.

From the description of Records, 1909-1938. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122458894

Historical Background

On January 23, 1982, the Columbia Broadcasting System aired a CBS Reports documentary entitled "The Uncounted Enemy: A Vietnam Deception," which suggested inaccuracies in United States estimates of North Vietnamese troop strengths between 1966-1968. General William C. Westmoreland, who commanded the U.S. Military Assistance Command in Vietnam between 1964 and 1968, sued CBS, several CBS employees, and former CIA analyst Samuel Adams for libel on September 13, 1982. Westmoreland argued that the documentary defamed him because it asserted that he had led a conspiracy to manipulate intelligence on enemy troop sizes.

The trial was held in federal district court in New York City and lasted four months. During the trial, both sides introduced prodigious amounts of evidence into the record. On February 19, 1985, both parties agreed to dismiss the case.


The WESTMORELAND/CBS COLLECTION was acquired by the UCSD Library in 1985 from UCSD Political Science Professor Samuel Popkin. Popkin served as a consultant to CBS attorneys Cravath, Swaine, & Moore of New York during the suit. Complete sets of the Westmoreland versus CBS exhibits are available at the libraries of Yale University and the University of California, Berkeley.

From the guide to the Westmoreland Versus CBS Collection, 1966 - 1983, (University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Ford Motor Company. Cravath, Swaine & Moore records series, 1935-1941. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
creatorOf Cravath, Swaine & Moore collection of historical documents, 1848-1884 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Cravath, Swaine & Moore. Cravath, Swaine & Moore collection of historical documents, 1848-1884. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Cravath, Swaine & Moore. Records, 1909-1938. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Edwin H. Armstrong Papers, 1886-1982, [Bulk Dates: 1912-1954] Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ford Motor Company. Ford Motor Company legal records collection, 1898-1961 (bulk 1915-1950). The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
creatorOf Westmoreland Versus CBS Collection, 1966 - 1983 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Sam, 1933-1988 person
associatedWith Armstrong, Edwin H. (Edwin Howard), 1890-1954. person
associatedWith Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Bethlehem Steel Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Blatchford, Seward & Griswold. corporateBody
associatedWith CBS Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Century of Progress International Exposition (1933-1934 : Chicago, Ill.). corporateBody
associatedWith Cravath, de Gersdorff, Swaine & Wood. corporateBody
associatedWith Cravath, Henderson & de Gersdorff. corporateBody
associatedWith Cravath, Paul D. 1861-1940. person
associatedWith Crile, George person
associatedWith Cutler, Otis H. 1866-1922. person
associatedWith De Gersdorff, Carl A. 1865-1944. person
associatedWith Dos Passos, John R. 1844-1917. person
associatedWith Ford Motor Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. 1822-1885. person
associatedWith Henderson, E. C. 1857-1923. person
associatedWith J.P. Morgan & Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Lamont, Thomas W. 1870-1948. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Moore, H. A. 1870-1958. person
associatedWith Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, 1791-1872. person
associatedWith New York World's Fair (1939-1940). corporateBody
associatedWith Pittsburgh Terminal Railroad and Coal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Remington Arms-Union Metallic Cartridge Co., New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Seward, William Henry, 1801-1872. person
associatedWith Staten Island Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Staten Island Rapid Transit Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Swaine, Robert T. 1886-1949. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Banking and Currency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Shipbuilding Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Vauclain, Samuel M. 1856-1940. person
associatedWith Wabash Pittsburgh Terminal Railway Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Westmoreland, William C. (William Childs), 1914- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (N.Y.)
Antitrust law
Documentary television programs
Employers' liability
Law firms
Railroad accidents
Tet Offensive, 1968
Trials (Libel)
Trials (Slander)
Vietnamese Conflict, 1961-1975
Workers' compensation

Corporate Body

Active 1848

Active 1884



Ark ID: w6284zdp

SNAC ID: 3777377