Hare, William Hobart, 1838-1909

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Bishop William Hobart Hare (1839-1909), known as the "Apostle to the Sioux," was appointed in 1872 Bishop of Niobrara, which was expanded and renamed the Missionary District of South Dakota. Hare continued working in Dakota unitl his death.

From the description of Letter : to H. M. Teller, Secretary of the Interior / by William Hobart Hare, 1883 Aug 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702129360

Bishop of the Missionary District of Niobrara and its successor, the Missionary District of South Dakota.

From the description of William Hobart Hare papers, 1871-1878. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 658003054

Bishop William Hobart Hare (1839-1909), known as the "Apostle to the Sioux," was appointed in 1872 Bishop of Niobrara, which was expanded and renamed the Missionary District of South Dakota. Hare continued working in Dakota until his death.

From the description of William Hobart Hare papers, 1883-1885. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702127552

Bishop of South Dakota; Smith was Bishop of Kentucky and presiding Bishop.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Bishop Smith, 1872 Nov. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270502860

Hare was an Episcopal bishop and missionary to the Sioux Indians.

From the description of Papers, ca.1872-1908. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612371086

Episcopal Missionary.

Consecrated by the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society of the Protestant Episcopal Church in 1872, Bishop Hare was assigned to the Dakotas. Hare initiated an ambitious program of building schools, chapels, and rectories at the various Sioux and Ponca reservations throughout the region. With the active cooperation of federal authorities, the Episcopal Ministry of the Dakotas became firmly established on the reservations by the 1880s.

From the description of Episcopal Ministry to the Sioux Records, 1874-1911. (South Dakota State Archives). WorldCat record id: 39178993

William Hobart Hare (1838-1909) was an Episcopal bishop and missionary to the Dakota [Sioux] Indians. Hare was born in Princeton, New Jersey, the son of Elizabeth Catherine Hobart and George Emlen Hare. His father was a biblical scholar and dean of the Philadelphia Divinity School. He was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, though he did not graduate. He began his ministry as an assistant at St. Luke's Church in Philadelphia, where Mark Antony DeWolfe Howe was the rector. In 1861 Hare married Howe's daughter Mary Amory Howe. By 1863 he moved to Michigan and then Minnesota to help his wife's health, but soon returned East and in 1866 his wife died in Philadelphia. They had one child, a son Hobart Amory Hare.

Hare held various positions in the Episcopal church and in November of 1872 he was elected missionary bishop of Niobrara and ordained and consecrated in January of 1873. In 1883 he became missionary bishop of South Dakota, then including both white districts and native peoples. He divided the district into divisions, each connected with a United States Indian Agency, each with a experienced overseer to supervise the Indian ministers while Hare served as general superintendent. He also established numerous Indian boarding schools to train Indian boys to be teachers and missionaries, as well as the All Saints School for girls in Sioux Falls for the daughters of his missionaries and other white girls. He came to be known as the "Apostle to the Sioux."

In February of 1891-1892 he spent many months in Japan to administer the affairs of that jurisdiction, and also spent some time in Europe to ease his heart problems. Hare died in 1909 and was buried beside Calvary Cathedral in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. May 17 is celebrated on the Episcopal calendar as a feast day in honor of William Hobart Hare.

Source: Donald S. Armentrout "Hare, William Hobart" American National Biography Online, Feb. 2000.

From the guide to the William Hobart Hare missions papers, 1872-1910., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Hare, William Hobart, 1838-1909. Papers, ca.1872-1908. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Mark Anthony De Wolfe Howe additional papers, 1880-1959 Houghton Library
referencedIn La Croix, Mary Myrick Hinman, 1899-. Oral history interview with Mary Myrick Hinman La Croix, 1980 Feb. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn William Hobart Hare missions papers, 1872-1910. Houghton Library
creatorOf William Hobart Hare missions papers, 1872-1910. Houghton Library
creatorOf Hare, William Hobart, 1838-1909. Letter : to H. M. Teller, Secretary of the Interior / by William Hobart Hare, 1883 Aug 6. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hare, William Hobart, 1838-1909. William Hobart Hare papers, 1871-1878. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
creatorOf Hare, William Hobart, Bishop, 1838-1909. Episcopal Ministry to the Sioux Records, 1874-1911. South Dakota State Archives
referencedIn Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1809-1895. Mark Antony De Wolfe Howe papers, 1853-1881. Archives of the Episcopal Diocese of Maryland
referencedIn E. Clowes Chorley papers, 1765-1949 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Burnham, Mary D. Mary D. Burnham papers relating to the Dakota League, 1866-1896. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hare, William Hobart, 1838-1909. William Hobart Hare papers, 1883-1885. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Welsh, Herbert, 1851-1941. Letter : Pine Ridge Agency, Dakota Territory, to Rt. Rev. William H. Hare, 1883 Jun 20. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Leroy F. Jackson Papers, 1830-1994 The Huntington Library
referencedIn Episcopal Bishops collection, 1778-1911 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Jackson, Leroy F. (Leroy Freeman), 1881-1958. Papers of Leroy F. Jackson, 1830-1994 (bulk 1900-1936). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Chorley, Edward Clowes, 1865-1949. E. Clowes Chorley papers, 1765-1949 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Robbins, Howard Chandler, 1876-1952,. Bishops' papers, 1761-1943. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Mark Anthony De Wolfe Howe additional papers, 1880-1959 Houghton Library
creatorOf Hare, William Hobart, 1838-1909. Autograph letter signed : New York, to Bishop Smith, 1872 Nov. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1864-1960. Mark Anthony De Wolfe Howe additional papers, 1880-1959. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Cummings, Philip H., 1906-1991,. Philip H. Cummings collection, 1872-1981. Museum of the Great Plains
referencedIn Welsh, Herbert, 1851-1941. Letter : Pine Ridge Agency, Dakota Territory, to Rt. Rev. William H. Hare, 1883 Jun 20. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Burnham, Mary D. Mary D. Burnham papers relating to the Dakota League, 1866-1896. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Japan
Santee Indian Reservation (S.D.)
China
Crow Creek Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Haiti
South Dakota
South Dakota
Lower Brule Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Dakota Territory
Cheyenne River Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Dakota Territory
Rosebud Indian Reservation (S.D.)
Subject
Missionaries
Dakota Indians--Missions
Bishop
Indian allotments
Indians of North America--Missions
Dakota Indians--Reservations
Indian reservations
Dakota Indians--Government relations--1869-1934
Missions
Church work with Indians--Episcopal Church
Church work with Indians
Dakota Indians--land allotment
Religion
Occupation
Missionaries
Missionaries--South Dakota
Function

Person

Birth 1838

Death 1909

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