War Resisters League

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The War Resisters League (WRL) was established in 1923 through the initiative of Jessie Wallace Hughan. It began as an organization for men and women willing to sign a pledge refusing to support war of any kind. During World War II, it lent both moral and legal support to conscientious objectors, especially absolute pacifists who refused to participate even in civilian alternative service, often for reasons other than religious beliefs. In 1968, the WRL merged with the Committee for Nonviolent Action. It continues to urge civil disobedience and nonviolence as methods for promoting disarmament, resistance to the draft, and a nuclear free world.

From the description of Records, 1923- (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 21827406

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Stephen Siteman Collection MS 503., 1976-2006 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries
referencedIn J. B. Matthews Papers, 1862-1986 and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Albuquerque Center for Peace and Justice. Albuquerque Center for Peace and Justice records, 1961-2010 (bulk, 1980-1989). University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Buenfil, John,. Social Movements Collection [manuscript] ca. 1959-2000 [bulk 1970-1988]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn McReynolds, David. David McReynolds papers, 1943-1978. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Rebecca Shelley Papers, 1890-1984 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn National War Tax Resistance Coordinating Committee (U.S.). National War Tax Resistance Coordinating Committee records, 1980- Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Coalition to Stop Trident. Coalition to Stop Trident records, 1960-1996 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Kramer, Leon, 1889-1962. Leon Kramer papers, 1874-1964. University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, UWM Libraries
referencedIn Emergency Anti-War Committee (New York, N.Y.). Collection, 1935. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Michigan Fellowship of Reconciliation. Michigan Fellowship of Reconciliation records, 1940-1960. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Floyd B. McKissick Papers, 1940s-1980s University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Assante, Katherine Anne. Katherine Anne Assante collected papers, 2009- Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Kaplan, Harry. Papers, 1924-1970. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Philadelphia War Tax Resistance (Organization). Records, 1970-[ongoing]. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
creatorOf Lazarus, Frieda Langer. Frieda Langer Lazarus papers, 1932-1949. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Minnesota Branch. Minnesota branch records, 1921-2000. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.). Michigan. Fellowship of Reconciliation, Michigan records, 1940-1957. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn War Resisters' International. Records, 1921- (bulk) 1923-1949, 1960-1976. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Hughan, Jessie Wallace, 1875-1955. Collection, 1905-1955. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
creatorOf War Resisters League. Correspondence, 1964-1966, from Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.). Anti-Vietnam War Collection, ca. late 1960s-early 1970s. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Printed Ephemera Collection on Organizations, 1886- Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Minnesota War History Committee. Collected research materials, [1940s]. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn John Haynes Holmes Papers, 1899-1983, (bulk 1935-1964) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Student Peace Union (U.S.). Records, 1959-1964. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf McCain, James T. James T. McCain papers, 1957-1972. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1908-1985 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn New York Workshop in Nonviolence. New York Workshop in Nonviolence collection, 1965-1969. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
creatorOf War Resisters League. Letters, 1946-1965, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Will Inman Papers, 1910-2009 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Eichel family. Collection, 1916- Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
creatorOf Hall, Gordon,. Left-wing Pacifist Propaganda, [ca. 1950-1990]. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf War Resisters League. War Resisters League : file of clippings and miscellanea. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Gottlieb, Edward P. Papers, 1940- Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn [War Resisters League pamphlet collection]. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Schimek, David. A history of resistance : the War Resisters League, nonviolence, and the civil rights movement / by David Schimek. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Finch, Henry Le Roy. Papers, 1940-1969, 1990. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Student Peace Union Records, 1959-1964 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Deming, Barbara, 1917-1984. Papers: Series IV-V, 1940-1984 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Michigan Fellowship of Reconciliation Records, 1940-1960 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.). Anti-Viet Nam War Collection, ca. late 1960s-early 1970s. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Georgia Lloyd papers, 1915-1994, 1930-1990 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Student Peace Union (U.S.). Records, 1958-1964. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf San Diego Convention Coalition. [Vietnam War protest ephemera]. University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
referencedIn Kepler, Roy C. Papers, 1940-1985. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Counterculture and the Vietnam War protest movement : ephemera, 1960-1975. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Roach, Michael. Poster and Broadside Collection of Tamiment Institute Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, [ca. 1904-1991]. 1935-1975 (bulk). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Davidon, Ann Morrissett. Ann Morrissett Davidon and William C. Davidon papers, 1949- Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Irwin R. Hogenauer Papers, 1932-1984 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn War Resisters League. Southeast. War Resisters League. Southeast Regional Office records, 1966-1995. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Holmes, John Haynes, 1879-1964. John Haynes Holmes papers, 1899-1983 (bulk 1935-1964). Library of Congress
referencedIn Hogenauer, Irwin R., 1912-1984. Irwin R. Hogenauer papers, 1932-1984. University of Washington Libraries
referencedIn [War Resisters League pamphlet collection] [microform]. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
creatorOf National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam. Miscellany distributed by the Washington Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, the National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam and the War Resisters League. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Theoharis, Athan G.,. FBI Investigation and Surveillance Records, 1919-[ongoning]. Marquette University Raynor Memorial Library, John P. Raynor Library
referencedIn Campaign for World Government. Records of the Chicago office, 1937-1995 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Michigan Fellowship of Reconciliation. Michigan Fellowship of Reconciliation records, 1940-1957. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. Fanny F. Brin papers, 1896-1958. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Buenfil, Mavret. Social Movements Collection ca. 1953-1980. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Kaufman, Abraham. Abraham Kaufman papers, 1942-1997 Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Roodenko, Igal. Papers, 1935-1991. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
creatorOf Muste, Abraham John, 1885-1967. [Peace pamphlets. Part 1]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Kay Boyle letters to Helga Einsele, 1951-1992 University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
referencedIn National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights. National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights records, 1979. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Tyler, Lloyd P., 1915-. Papers, 1967-1973. North Carolina Division of Archives & Hist
creatorOf War Resisters League. Records, 1923- Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn E. E. Cummings additional papers, 1870-1969. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Campaign for World Government (Organization). Campaign for World Government records, 1937-1985. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Lloyd, George, 1913-1998. Georgia Lloyd papers, 1915-1994 (bulk 1930-1990). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf War Resisters League. [Minor publications]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Eichel, Julius, 1896-. Papers, 1917-1980. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn War Resisters League : PAD/D pamphlet file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn War Resisters' International. Collected records, 1923-1984. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Albuquerque Center for Peace and Justice Records, 1961-2010, 1980-1989 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aberman, Sidney, person
associatedWith Albuquerque Center for Peace and Justice. corporateBody
associatedWith Allen, Devere, 1891-1955, person
associatedWith Assante, Katherine Anne. person
associatedWith BARBARA DEMING, 1917-1984 person
associatedWith Boyle, Kay, 1902-1992 person
associatedWith Brin, Fanny Fligelman, 1884-1961. person
associatedWith Campaign for World Government (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith Coalition to Stop Trident. corporateBody
associatedWith Committee for Nonviolent Action. corporateBody
associatedWith Corfman, Rex M., person
correspondedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
associatedWith Davidon, Ann Morrissett. person
associatedWith Deming, Barbara, 1917-1984. person
associatedWith DiGia, Ralph. person
associatedWith Eichel family. family
associatedWith Eichel, Julius, 1896- person
associatedWith Emergency Anti-War Committee (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Fellowship of Reconciliation (U.S.). Michigan. corporateBody
associatedWith Finch, Henry Le Roy. person
associatedWith Gottlieb, Edward P. person
associatedWith Hartmann, George W. 1904-1955, person
associatedWith Hedemann, Ed, person
associatedWith Hedemann, Grace, person
associatedWith Hennacy, Ammon A., 1893-1970, person
associatedWith Hogenauer, Irwin R., 1912-1984. person
associatedWith Holmes, John Haynes, 1879-1964, person
associatedWith Hughan, Jessie Wallace, 1875-1955. person
correspondedWith Inman, Will, 1923- person
associatedWith Kaplan, Harry. person
associatedWith Kaufman, Abraham. person
associatedWith Kaufman, Abraham. corporateBody
associatedWith Kepler, Roy C. person
associatedWith Kramer, Leon, 1889-1962. person
associatedWith Lazarus, Frieda Langer. person
associatedWith Lloyd, George, 1913-1998. person
associatedWith Lloyd, Georgia, 1913- person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith McCain, James T. person
correspondedWith McKissick, Floyd B. (Floyd Bixler), 1922- person
associatedWith McReynolds, David. person
associatedWith Michigan Fellowship of Reconciliation corporateBody
associatedWith Michigan State University. Libraries. American Radicalism Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Minnesota War History Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Muste, Abraham John, 1885-1967, person
associatedWith Mygatt, Tracy D. 1885-1973, person
associatedWith National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights. corporateBody
associatedWith National War Tax Resistance Coordinating Committee (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith New York Workshop in Nonviolence. corporateBody
associatedWith Olmstead, Frank. person
associatedWith Philadelphia War Tax Resistance (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith Roodenko, Igal, person
associatedWith Roodenko, Igal. person
associatedWith Rustin, Bayard, 1910- person
associatedWith Schimek, David. person
associatedWith Schwartz, Wendy, person
associatedWith Shelley, Rebecca, 1887-1984 person
associatedWith Siteman, Stephen person
associatedWith Student Peace Union (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Swarthmore College. Peace Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Theoharis, Athan G., person
associatedWith Tyler, Lloyd P., 1915- person
associatedWith War Resisters' International. corporateBody
associatedWith War Resisters League. Southeast. corporateBody
associatedWith Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Minnesota Branch. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Subject
Conscientious objection--History--Sources
Peace--Societies, etc.--History--Sources
Peace movements
Pacifism--History--Sources
Civil disobedience--History--Sources
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1960

Active 1970

Norwegian,

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6v73ffb

SNAC ID: 35774359