Manchester, George Montagu, Duke of, 1737-1788

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George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester, was born on April 6, 1737, the son of Robert Montagu, 3rd Duke of Manchester, and his wife, Harriet Dunch. He began his career in the Huntingdonshire regiment of militia in 1757. On March 28, 1761, he was elected as a Member of Parliament for Huntingdonshire, and in May of 1762, he succeeded to the dukedom upon the death of his father, from whom he also inherited the sinecure of collector of the subsidies of tonnage and poundage outwards in the port of London, worth £1500. On October 23, 1762, Manchester married Elizabeth Dashwood, daughter of Sir James Dashwood, second baronet, of Kirtlington Park, Oxfordshire, and Elizabeth Spencer. They had the following children: George Montagu, Viscount Mandeville (1763--1772); Caroline Maria Montagu (1770-1847); William Montagu, 5th Duke of Manchester (1771-1843); and Frederick Montagu (1774-1827).

From 1763 to 1770, Manchester served as lord of the bedchamber, and after the fall of the Grafton ministry in January, he resigned his position and went into opposition. As the struggle with the colonies intensified, Manchester showed himself a supporter of the Americans. He rose to particular prominence after he spoke in favor of Chatham's bill for a provisional settlement with the colonies on February 1, 1775. He also condemned trade restrictions on New England and preferential treatment for the southern colonies in North America. In the second Rockingham administration in 1782, Manchester was appointed lord chamberlain as well as privy councilor. The next spring, he was named ambassador to France to supervise the conclusion of treaty negotiations between Great Britain and France, Spain, and the Netherlands, but negotiations were too far long for Manchester to win many concessions for the British. Treaties with France and Spain were signed on September 3, 1783, at Versailles. The British treaty with the Netherlands was signed at Paris on May 20, 1784. Manchester died after a brief illness on September 2, 1788.

From the guide to the George Montagu, 4th Duke of Manchester papers, Manchester, George Montagu 4th Duke of, papers, 1779-1788, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abarca de Bolea, Pedro Pablo, conde de Aranda, 1718-1798. person
associatedWith Ainslie, Robert, Sir, 1730?-1812. person
associatedWith Bedford, John Russell, Duke of, 1710-1771. person
associatedWith Campbell, Archibald, 1726?-1780. person
associatedWith Castries, Charles de. person
associatedWith Castries, Charles de. person
associatedWith Catherine II, Empress of Russia, 1729-1796. person
associatedWith Croy, Emmanuel, duc de, 1718-1783 person
associatedWith Croÿ, Emmanuel, duc de, 1718-1783 or 4. person
associatedWith Dyson, Jeremiah, 1722-1776. person
associatedWith Estaing, Charles Henri, comte d', 1729-1794. person
associatedWith Fox, Charles, 1749-1809. person
associatedWith George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820. person
associatedWith Gérard de Rayneval, J.-M. (Joseph-Mathias), 1736-1812. person
associatedWith Great Britain. 1783 Sept. 3. corporateBody
associatedWith Great Britain. Treaties, etc. United States, 1783 Sept. 3. corporateBody
associatedWith Grenville, Thomas, 1755-1846. person
associatedWith Halifax, George Montagu-Dunk, Earl of, 1716-1771. person
associatedWith Heathcote, Ralph, 1721-1795. person
associatedWith Hertford, Francis Seymour Conway, Marquess of, 1719-1794. person
associatedWith Jenyns, Soame, 1704-1787. person
associatedWith Johnstone, George, 1730-1787. person
associatedWith Keppel, Augustus Keppel, Viscount, 1725-1786. person
associatedWith Lansdowne, William Petty, Marquis of, 1737-1805. person
associatedWith La Pérouse, Jean-François de Galaup, comte de, 1741-1788. person
associatedWith Legge, Julian, d. 1762. person
associatedWith Liston, Robert, Sir, 1742-1836. person
associatedWith Malmesbury, James Harris, Earl of, 1746-1820. person
associatedWith Mann, Horace, Sir, 1701-1786. person
associatedWith Montagu, Charles-Greville, Lord, 1741-1784. person
associatedWith Montagu, Frederick, 1733-1800. person
associatedWith North, Frederick, Lord, 1732-1792. person
associatedWith Oswald, Richard, 1705-1784. person
associatedWith Portland, William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of, 1738-1809. person
associatedWith Rochford, William Henry Nassau de Zuylestein, Earl of, 1717-1781. person
associatedWith Ross, Hercules. person
associatedWith Storer, Anthony Morris, 1746-1799. person
associatedWith Vergennes, Charles Gravier, comte de, 1719-1787. person
associatedWith Walpole, Thomas, 1727-1803. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
France
Netherlands
Great Britain
Spain
Great Britain
Spain
United States
United States
Netherlands
France
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Birth 1737-04-06

Death 1788-09-02

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