Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880?-1965

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Abraham Walkowitz (1880-1965) was a painter and etcher from Brooklyn, N.Y.

From the description of Abraham Walkowitz papers, 1904-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 767864477

Painter; New York, N.Y.

From the description of Oral history interview with Abraham Walkowitz, 1958 Dec. 8 & 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86133333

From the description of Oral history interview with Abraham Walkowitz, 1958 Dec. 8 & 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 276394291

Painter and etcher; Brooklyn, New York.

From the description of Abraham Walkowitz papers, 1904-1966. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82155895

From the description of Abraham Walkowitz papers, 1904-1966. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 368024500

Abraham Walkowitz (1878-1965) was a painter in Brooklyn, New York. Walkowitz was born in Tumen in Siberian Russia, the son of Jacob and Rita Schulman Walkowitz. Following the death of his father, a lay rabbi and cantor, in the late 1880s, Walkowitz immigrated to the United States with his mother and siblings and settled in the Lower East Side of New York City.

Walkowitz began his study of art at the Educational Alliance, at Cooper Union, and at the National Academy of Design. In early adulthood he worked as a sign painter and taught at the Educational Alliance from 1900 to 1906. He managed to save enough for passage to Paris where he continued his studies at the Académie Julian under Academic painter Jean-Paul Laurens. During this time, Walkowitz met Max Weber who introduced him to Matisse, Picasso, and Gertrude and Leo Stein. They exerted a considerable influence on Walkowitz's artistic development toward abstraction. Weber also introduced him to Isadora Duncan whose style of improvisational dance inspired Walkowitz to create over 5,000 drawings and watercolors of her dancing form over the next four decades.

Walkowitz returned to New York in 1907 and laid claim to being the first to exhibit truly Modernist paintings in the United States with his exhibition at the Haas Gallery in 1908. After 1909, he became an intimate of Alfred Stieglitz's 291 Gallery where he became a regular exhibitor along with Arthur Dove, Marsden Hartley, and John Marin, among others. Walkowitz's work appeared in landmark avant-garde exhibitions including the 1913 Armory Show, the Forum Exhibition of 1916, the People's Art Guild showings of contemporary art from 1915-1917, and the inaugural show of the Société Anonyme in 1920.

When interest in the Modernist movement diminished during the 1930s, Walkowitz's career also diminished, but he continued as an avid member and officer in the Society of Independent Artists. In the mid-1940s, he explored the varieties of the modernist vision in the form of an exhibition of 100 portraits of Walkowitz by 100 artist colleagues. The result was widely discussed and was featured in Life magazine in 1944. In 1945, Walkowitz travelled to Kansas to reunite with his colleague, E. Haldeman-Julius, to publish in a series of books concerning Walkowitz's art work. He also executed a series of drawings of the barns and strip mines in the area. But by 1946, glaucoma had begun to impair Walkowitz's vision, leading to his eventual blindness. Also in the mid-1940s, Walkowitz lost the contents of his studio to fire.

In 1963, Walkowitz received the Marjory Peabody Award of the National Institute of Arts and Letters. His work is represented in the collections of the Newark Museum, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Abraham Walkowitz died on January 26, 1965 in Brooklyn, New York.

From the guide to the Abraham Walkowitz papers, 1904-1969, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Abraham Walkowitz standing next to an easel [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Duveen, Albert. Albert Duveen art reference files, [ca. 1831-1950]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Eliasoph, Paula. Paula Eliasoph papers, 1929-1980. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Lohr, George. Abraham Walkowitz [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965,. Oral history interview with Abraham Walkowitz, 1958 Dec. 8 & 22. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Trommer, Marie, b. 1895. Autograph collection, 1920-1951. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Genthe, Arnold, 1869-1942. Abraham Walkowitz [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946. Alfred Stieglitz / Georgia O'Keeffe archive, 1728-1986 (bulk 1880-1986). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965. Abraham Walkowitz : artist file : study photographs and reproductions of works of art with accompanying documentation 1930?-1990 [graphic] [compiled by staff of The Museum of Modern Art, New York]. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
creatorOf Popper, Samuel H. Samuel Popper papers, 1945-1960. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Shulman, Carl. Abraham Walkowitz in his studio with paintings. [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Abraham Walkowitz in Museum of Modern Art [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn White, Clarence H., 1871-1925. Abraham Walkowitz [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965. Abraham Walkowitz papers, 1904-1966. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Valente, Alfredo. Alfredo Valente papers, 1941-1978. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1944-1945. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn ACA Galleries. ACA Galleries records, 1917-1966. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Birnbaum, Martin, 1878-1970. Martin Birnbaum papers, 1862-1970. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Kleinholz, Frank, 1901-. Frank Kleinholz papers, 1930-1980. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Schmid, Elsa, 1897-. Elsa Schmid papers, 1910-1967. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Abraham Walkowitz papers, 1904-1969 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. Abraham Walkowitz standing outside the Shacht Gallery. [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Abraham Aaron Roback papers, 1909-1965. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Walkowitz, Abraham, 1878-1965 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Artists at Mt. Kisco [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965. Oral history interview with Abraham Walkowitz, 1958 Dec. 8 & 22. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Kaufman, Louis, 1905-1994. Louis and Annette Kaufman papers, 1931-2000. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Sievan, Maurice. Maurice Sievan papers, 1934-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Alfred Stieglitz / Georgia O'Keeffe archive, 1728-1986 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969) Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946. Alfred Stieglitz / Georgia O'Keeffe archive, 1728-1986. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Abraham Walkowitz in his studio [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Artists dining outdoors at Mt. Kisco. [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Ohrstrom, Terry Anne, 1946-. Interview of Frank Kleinholz, ca. 1977. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn American Federation of Arts. American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Carewe, Sylvia, 1906-1981. Sylvia Carewe papers, ca. 1930-1972. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Orkin, Ruth, 1921-1985. Abraham Walkowitz [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965. Abraham Walkowitz papers, 1904-1966. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Abraham Walkowitz [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Kleinholz, Frank, 1901-. Frank Kleinholz papers, 1930-1980. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Jewish Museum (New York, N.Y.). Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965 : artist file. The Barnes Foundation, Barnes Foundation Libraries and Special Collections
referencedIn Esman, Betty, 1904-1996. Betty Esman papers, 1926-1980. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Whitney Museum of American Art. Whitney Museum of American Art artists' files and records, 1914-1966. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Walkowitz, Abraham, 1880-1965. Abraham Walkowitz papers, 1904-1969. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Weichsel, John, 1870-1946. John Weichsel papers, 1905-1922. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith ACA Galleries. corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Arms, John Taylor, 1887-1953. person
associatedWith Ault, George, 1891-1948. person
associatedWith Biddle, George, 1885- person
associatedWith Birnbaum, Martin, 1878-1970. person
associatedWith Braun, Maurice, 1877-1941. person
associatedWith Busch, Gaston. person
associatedWith Carewe, Sylvia, 1906-1981. person
associatedWith Cowdrey, Mary Bartlett, 1910-1974, person
associatedWith Cusumano, Stefano, 1912-1975. person
associatedWith Dreier, Katherine Sophie, 1877-1952. person
associatedWith Duncan, Elizabeth, 1871-1948. person
associatedWith Duveen, Albert. person
associatedWith Eliasoph, Paula. person
associatedWith Esman, Betty, 1904-1996. person
associatedWith Genthe, Arnold, 1869-1942, person
associatedWith Haldeman-Julius, E. (Emanuel), 1888-1951. person
associatedWith Jacobi, Lotte, 1896- person
associatedWith Kaufman, Louis, 1905-1994. person
associatedWith Kleinholz, Frank, 1901- person
associatedWith Knaths, Karl, 1891- person
associatedWith Kopman, Benjamin, b. 1887. person
associatedWith Lerner, Abram, person
associatedWith Lohr, George. person
associatedWith Lozowick, Louis, 1892-1973. person
associatedWith Mager, Gus, 1878- person
associatedWith Maria-Theresa, 1896-1987. person
associatedWith Miller, Henry, 1891-1980. person
associatedWith Miller, Kenneth Hayes, 1876-1952. person
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Newman, Arnold, 1918- person
associatedWith Oberhardt, William, 1882-1958. person
associatedWith Ohrstrom, Terry Anne, 1946- person
associatedWith Olinsky, Ivan G. (Ivan Gregorewitch), 1878-1962. person
associatedWith Orkin, Ruth, 1921-1985. person
associatedWith Pach, Walter, 1883-1958. person
associatedWith Popper, Samuel H. person
correspondedWith Roback, A. A. (Abraham Aaron), 1890-1965 person
associatedWith Roth, Ernest David, 1879-1964. person
associatedWith Schmid, Elsa, 1897- person
associatedWith Shulman, Carl. person
associatedWith Sievan, Maurice. person
associatedWith Sloan, John, 1871-1951. person
associatedWith Soyer, Moses, 1899-1974. person
associatedWith Speicher, Eugene E. (Eugene Edward), 1883-1962. person
associatedWith Starr, Frederick. person
associatedWith Sterne, Maurice, 1878-1957. person
associatedWith Sterner, Albert, 1863-1946. person
associatedWith Stieglitz, Alfred, 1864-1946. person
associatedWith Traubel, Horace, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Trommer, Marie, b. 1895. person
associatedWith Valente, Alfredo, person
associatedWith Valente, Alfredo, photographer person
associatedWith Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith Ward, Edgar. person
associatedWith Weber, Max, 1881-1961. person
associatedWith Weichsel, John, 1870-1946. person
associatedWith Weis, Samuel. person
associatedWith White, Clarence H., 1871-1925. person
associatedWith Whitney Museum of American Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Zeigler, Lee Woodward, 1868-1952. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
Subject
Painting, American
Painters--New York (State)--New York
Painters--Interviews
Art--American (?)--Reproductions
Etchers--New York (State)--New York
Art, American
Painters
Etchers
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1880-03-28

Death 1965-01-27

Americans

Information

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SNAC ID: 33693468