Hughes, Thomas

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Epithet: DD, Vicar of Uffington, county Berkshire

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Epithet: Lieutenant

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Epithet: Subject of Mss Eur F234

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Epithet: MP, author

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Epithet: contractor

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Epithet: of Add MS 29553

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Hughes, Thomas

Rank : Lt.; Quartermaster

Regiment : 28th Iowa Infantry Regiment (1862-1865)

Service : 1862 October 10-1865 July 31

Thomas Hughes, a Lieutenant in the 28th Iowa Infantry Regiment, was an atypical soldier for the Union army. At 48, he was older than most soldiers, he served in a regiment that never ventured further east than Mississippi, and he served as a quartermaster. Hughes served in Arkansas, Texas, and Louisiana and participated in both the Vicksburg Campaign and the Red River Campaign.

Hughes' letters suggest that he was unwavering in his pro-Union sympathies. While serving in Arkansas, he witnessed the destruction of a small town by Union troops in retribution for a sniping incident. Although admitting that his opinions might sound extreme to people at home, Hughes defended the destruction, arguing that "we must have this river a safe highway while we are upon its borders -- And I believe the Military Commanders have at last determined to have it so, at the sacrifice of every town upon its banks from Cairo to New Orleans if that is necessary. And I must say that I fully endorse the determination."

At times, though, it seemed to Hughes as if he spent more time fighting the elements than fighting the Confederacy. From Arkansas to Louisiana, the regiment sloughed through mud under a seemingly constant deluge of rain. These conditions were only made worse by bouts of hunger and theft from fellow soldiers. Hughes's family could not offer much comfort because their finances were a constant source of worry. A daughter, Delia, helped out by bringing in 'scholars' to teach, Hughes' wife took on boarders, and his son, Ellis, left college to work (though Ellis claimed that college was nothing but 'humbug').

Hughes distinguished himself at the Battle of Mansfield in April 1864 when he aided a wounded officer from the field and then returned in an attempt to locate more ammunition for his regiment. He was surrounded by Confederate soldiers and shot at and struck with the butt of a rifle. Only the intervention of a rebel Colonel prevented him from being more seriously assaulted, and the colonel subsequently provided Hughes with personal protection on the march to prison, "though during the ride to Mansfield he had to cock his gun three times to do so." Hughes was kept a prisoner at Camp Ford, near Tyler, Texas, and was still held there at the end of November 1864.

From the guide to the Thomas Hughes papers, Hughes, Thomas papers, 1862-1864, (William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Ezra Cornell papers, (bulk), 1746-1888, 1844-1870 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
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referencedIn Miguel A. Otero Photograph Collection, 1872 ca. -1939 ca. University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research
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referencedIn Vol. I, 1837-1870.British Museum: Applications, etc., for Reading Room tickets: 1824-1881.: Partly printed.includes:f. 1 British Museum: Reading Room ticket: 1824.: Printed.f. 2 Charles Frederick Barnwell, FRS; FSA: Letter to Sir H. Ellis: 1837.f..., 1837-1870 British Library
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referencedIn RIPON PAPERS. Vols. LVII-LIX (ff. 300, 236, 195). Correspondence of Lord (and Lady) Ripon with Thomas Hughes, M.P., the author., 1850-1888 British Library
referencedIn VOL. IV. Jan. 1671-June, 1672.[Sir] G[eorge] Downing [Bart, Secretary of the Treasury], f. 7. [Sir] Thomas Gore, ff. 13, 31, 35, 76, 84, 97, 101, 119, 121. [Charles Fane, 3rd Earl of] Westmoreland, f. 148. C[ecil Calvert, 2nd Lord] Baltimore, ff. 208... British Library
creatorOf Senior / Hughes Correspondence. Letters received by Nassau William Senior, political economist (b. 1790, d. 1864), his daughter-in-law Jane, née Hughes, school inspector (b. 1828, d. 1877), and other members of the Senior and Hughes families; 1812-1..., 1812-1896 British Library
referencedIn Vol. XVIII (ff. 557). H-M.includes:f. 3 John Hardy, of Loughgall: Letter to Lord Gosford: 1832.f. 5 John Martin Hanchett, formerly Captain, RN, and Comptroller-General of the Coastguard: Letter to Lord Goderich: 1832.f. 7 Reverend William Antho... British Library
referencedIn Vol. VII. (ff. 232), 1878-1900includes:f. 1 Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury: Letter, on his behalf, to Bp. W. Boyd Carpenter: 1878.ff. 1, 22, 27, 70, 80-86b, 137, 197 Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury: Letters t..., 1878-1900 British Library
creatorOf Vol. XIX (ff. 195). 1905-1913.includes:f. 1 William Waldegrave Palmer, Viscount Wolmer; 2nd Earl of Selborne: Letters to Lord Cross: aft. 1895, 1905. f. 2 Art. Engravings, etc: Letter to Lord Cawdor in reply to congratulations: 1905. f. 2 Frederick..., 1905-1913 British Library
creatorOf PAGET PAPERS (3RD SERIES). Vol. III (ff. 199). Family and general correspondence. 1. ff. 1-95b. Miscellaneous family letters to Cecilia, Lady Alfred Paget; 1845-1914. 2. ff. 96-199b. General letters to Lord and Lady Alfred Paget; 1853-1908.includes:f..., 1845-1914 British Library
creatorOf SUPPLEMENTARY MACMILLAN PAPERS. Vol. III (ff. 215). 1. ff. 1-186. General correspondence, continued (G-Y); 1853-1897, n.d. 2. ff. 153, 187-215. Letters, etc., to Dinah Maria Mulock, Mrs G. L. Craik, followed by a proposal for her memorial; 1845-1887...., 1845-1897 British Library
creatorOf KINGSLEY LETTERS. Vol. VI (ff. 51). Letters from Kingsley and his wife to other members of the family, etc.; 1841-1871, n.d. Partly drafts.includes:ff. 1, 4 Mary Kingsley, mother of Charles Kingsley: Letters from Charles Kingsley to his mother: 1841,..., 1841-1871 British Library
creatorOf CARNARVON PAPERS. Vol. CIX (ff. 144). Correspondence of Lord Carnarvon and his second wife with authors and poets; 1860-1895, n.d. 1. ff. 1-29. Correspondence with Robert Browning; 1869-1889. 2. ff. 30-56. Correspondence with James Russell Lowell; 18..., 1860-1895 British Library
creatorOf MACMILLAN ARCHIVE. Vol. CXXXIII. Letters from Thomas Hughes; 1856-1863. Typewritten copies.Thomas Hughes, MP; author: Correspondence with Macmillan and Co.: 1856-1907, n.d: Partly copies., 1856-1863 British Library
creatorOf Vol. XXI (ff. 260). 1892.includes:ff. 2-229b passim Thomas Henry Farrer, 1st Baron Farrer: Correspondence with Sir J. Lubbock: 1887-1898.f. 4 Henry Torrens Anstruther, MP: Letters to Lord Avebury: 1892, 1900.ff. 6, 14, 27 Ralph Robert Wheeler L..., 1892 British Library
referencedIn G. MISCELLANEA.RIPON PAPERS. Vol. CLIV (ff. 203). Miscellaneous papers of Lord Ripon (mostly autograph), arranged as follows:-(1) An article, published as 'The Weekly Dispatch on Association' in The Journal of Association, 18 Mar. 1852, pp. 81-83. f..., 1852-1860 British Library
referencedIn Fonds d'archives du collège des Irlandais de Paris Centre culturel irlandais (Paris). Service des ressourcesdocumentaires
referencedIn FIFTEEN LETTERS OF JOHN STUART MILL to Thomas Hare, political reformer, relating to the latter's system for the representation of minorities in Parliament; 3 March 1859-26 Jan. 1863. Hare's system, commended by Mill in an article in Fraser's Magazine... British Library
creatorOf CHARNWOOD AUTOGRAPHS. Vol. II. English literary autographs; circa 16th-20th cent. Included are Edmund Waller, Andrew Marvell, John Evelyn, John Locke, John Dryden, Joseph Addison, Jonathan Swift, Alexander Pope, William Congreve, Sir Richard Steele, ..., approximately 16th century-20th century British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCXXXI (ff. 364). Sept.-9 Dec. 1868.includes:f. 1 Lord Ronald Charles Sutherland-Leveson-Gower, son of George, 2nd Duke of Sutherland: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1861-1897.ff. 4, 50 George Fleming Warren, 2nd Baron de Tabley: Cor... British Library
referencedIn Donald Bell Deposit, 1857-1970's [copies of originals dating from 1638-1973] Bangor University
referencedIn Vol. LVII, 1850-1856.includes:ff. 28, 291 Henrietta Anne Theodosia Robinson, wife of George, 1st Marquess of Ripon: Correspondence with T. Hughes: 1852-1871.ff. 28, 291 Thomas Hughes, MP; author: Correspondence with Lady Ripon: 1852-1871.ff. 255b..., 1850-1856 British Library
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Palfrey Family of New England. Palfrey family papers. 1713-1915. Houghton Library
referencedIn William Jones Hoppin papers, 1833-1890. Houghton Library
referencedIn Grant Duff Collection: papers of Sir Mountstuart Elphinstone Grant Duff (1829-1906), MP 1857-81, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for India 1868-74, Governor of Madras 1881-86; also includes correspondence with numerous British and European pub..., 1852-1916 British Library
referencedIn CRAGGS PAPERS. Vol. I. (ff. 287). 1695-1718. 1. G[eorge] Vane, on the progress of the expedition against French Canada; " Off Cape Britton," 8 Aug. 1711. f. 4; " Annopolis Royale," 6 Dec. 1711. f 18. 2. R[obert] Walpole, [Earl of Orford, 1742], Treas... British Library
creatorOf MACMILLAN ARCHIVE. Vol. CXXXII. Correspondence with Thomas Hughes and his wife; 1856-1907, n.d.Thomas Hughes, MP; author: Correspondence with Macmillan and Co.: 1856-1907, n.d: Partly copies., 1856-1907 British Library
referencedIn Vol. II, ff. 306, H-O.includes:ff. 1, 5 Sir Francis Seymour Haden, etcher and surgeon: Letters to C. W. and C. D. Sherbom: 1880, 1902. f. 7 Louis Haghe, lithographer and painter: Letter to W. Jerdan: 1848. f.8 Louis Haghe, lithographer and painter:... British Library
creatorOf Vol. XL (ff. 280). 1879, 1880.Fiji Islands: Papers of Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon rel. to: 1873-1885.includes:f. 1 Sylvester Devenish, Crown Surveyor, Trinidad: Letter to Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon: 1879.ff. 4-7 John Richardson Selwyn, Bishop of M..., 1879-1880 British Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCLVII (ff. 326). Jan.-20 . Feb. 1874.includes:ff. 1, 4 Alexander Stuart Murray, LL.D; FSA; Keeper of Greek and Roman Antiquities, British Museum: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1873-1880.ff. 2, 60, 81, 92 Lieutenant-Colonel Hon Edwar... British Library
referencedIn Vol. LVIII, 1857-1880.includes:f. 12 Laura Eliza Edwards, Secretary, Bristol Nursing Training Institution: Letter to T. Hughes: 1857.ff. 71, 204 Henrietta Anne Theodosia Robinson, wife of George, 1st Marquess of Ripon: Correspondence with T. Hugh..., 1857-1880 British Library
creatorOf SUPPLEMENTARY LAYARD PAPERS. Vols. XVIII (ff. 195). 1863-April 1885.includes:f. 1 Carl Werner, of Leipzig: Letter to Sir A. H. Layard from Carl Werner: 1863. ff. 6, 12 Maria Theresa Longworth, alias Yelverton; self-styled wife of William, 4th Viscoun... British Library
creatorOf Thomas Hughes papers, Hughes, Thomas papers, 1862-1864 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn PANIZZI PAPERS. Letters, collected as autographs, mostly addressed to Sir Anthony Panizzi, K.C.B., Principal Librarian of the British Museum; 1828-1878, n.d. English, French and Italian. Other general correspondence of Panizzi is Add. MSS. 36714-3672..., 1828-1878 British Library
referencedIn James Russell Lowell papers, 1835-1919. Houghton Library
referencedIn Vol. CCCCXV (ff. 302). Jan.-11 May 1887.includes:f. 1 Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson; Poet Laureate: Correspondence with W. E. Gladstone: 1859-1891.f. 2 John Knowles Heaps, of Leeds: Letter to W. E. Gladstone: 1887.f. 3 C-Stoiloff, Bulgar... British Library
referencedIn Correspondence, 1864-1906. Houghton Library
referencedIn NIGHTINGALE PAPERS. Vol. CLV (ff. 298). Correspondence relating to nursing in Australia, arranged as follows:-(1) Correspondence with Sir Henry Parkes, G.C.M.G., Prime Minister of New South Wales; 1866-1892. ff. 1-59. (2) Correspondence with Miss Lu..., 1863-1908 British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Cornell, Ezra, 1807-1874 person
associatedWith Hoppin, William J. (William Jones), 1813-1895 person
correspondedWith Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891 person
associatedWith Otero, Miguel Antonio, 1859-1944 person
correspondedWith Palfrey family. family
associatedWith Scudder, Horace Elisha, 1838-1902 person
associatedWith United States. Army. Iowa Infantry Regiment, 28th, 1862-1865 corporateBody
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Appleby, Lincolnshire
Poplar, Middlesex
Netherlands, Europe
Jamaica, Central America
Turkey, Asia Minor
Sydney, Australia
India, Asia
Australia, Australia
Vicksburg (Miss.)
Dewsbury, West Riding of Yorkshire
Tiverton, Devon
Egypt, Africa
Mysore State, India
Pondicherry, India
Haddington, E. Lothian
Cochin State, India
Madras, India
Travancore State, India
Eversley, Hampshire
United States
Egham, Surrey
Durford, Cambridgeshire
Russia, Europe, Asia
Straits of Malacca, South East Asia
Sunderland, Durham
Bouchain, France
Fiji, Melanesia
Hyderabad State, India
Salem, Madras
Mansfield, Battle of, La., 1864


Active 1852

Active 1916



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