Hayward, John, 1905-1965

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John Hayward was a writer and editor, probably best known as friend and advisor to T.S. Eliot. Born in London and educated at King's College, Hayward was diagnosed with muscular dystrophy in his youth and contended with the crippling disease throughout his life. He quickly developed a reputation for editing poetry anthologies, and was an insightful literary critic. He authored various other works, but his most notable contribution to literature was as co-founder and editor of The Book Collector. Hayward maintained many literary friendships, but is probably best remembered for his contributions to the work of T.S. Eliot, to whom he lent encouragement as well as practical and creative advice.

From the description of John Hayward letter to Dear Eliot, circa 1930 April 25. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 123906056

Epithet: Mrs

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000303.0x000380

John Hayward (1905-1965) was the first editor of The Book Collector, founded in 1952 by Hayward, Percy Muir, and Ian Fleming. The Times (18 September 1965, published in The Book Collector volume noted below) described him as "an anthologist, critic and editor whose enthusiasm, judgment and scholarship made him outstanding in his generation among connoisseurs of good writing and good book production ... He will be particularly remembered as a textual expert - he produced, among other works of scholarship, admirable Nonesuch editions of Donne and Swift - and for his exceptionally wide knowledge, reflected in his editing, of English literature especially of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and of French literature." He was a close friend of T.S. Eliot's. For a collection of memorials to Hayward, see "John Hayward 1904-1965. Some Memories," The Book Collector 14 4 (Winter 1965): 443-486.

Henry Pettit was Professor of English at the University of Colorado, Boulder. He was named Honorary Curator of Rare Books in Norlin Library in the early 1950's, managing the collections and encouraging the acquisition of such materials as eighteenth-century English literature and examples of early printing. Pettit was a scholar of the English poet Edward Young (1683-1765), compiling A Bibliography of Young's Night Thoughts (1954) and editing The Correspondence of Edward Young (1971).

From the guide to the John Hayward Letter to Henry Pettit (MS 203), 1961, (University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.)

John Davy Hayward was born on 2nd February 1905. He was educated at Gresham's School and in France before coming up to King's in 1923. He studied English and Modern Languages; during his time at King's he edited the 'Collected Works of the Earl of Rochester', published while he was still an undergraduate. After graduation in 1927 he lived in London, working as an editor, critic, anthologist and bibliographer. He edited many of Jonathan Swift's works. He shared a house with close friend T. S. Eliot for 11 years from 1946, acting as his critic and gathering together his papers - Hayward styled himself 'Keeper of the Eliot Archive'. Their friendship lapsed on Eliot's surprise marriage to his secretary in 1957. Hayward suffered from muscular dystrophy from his undergraduate days; he died in 1965, a few months after Eliot. He bequeathed his collection of Eliot's papers to King's College.

For further biographical information about John Davy Hayward, the reader is directed to the obituary of John Davy Hayward in 'King's College Annual Report', 1965, pp. 30-33.

From the guide to the The Papers of John Davy Hayward, 1905-1965, (King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Ruth Fischer papers, 1925-1961 (inclusive) 1940-1961 (bulk) Houghton Library
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library
referencedIn Betjeman, John, 1906-1984. John Betjeman collection, 1908-2002 (bulk 1936-1984). Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Sykes, Christopher, 1907-1986. The Christopher Sykes papers, 1945-1981. Georgetown University, Joseph Mark Lauinger Memorial Library
creatorOf Green, Henry, 1905-1974. Autograph letter signed : London, to John Hayward, 1945 March 28. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Hayward, John, 1905-1965. John Hayward letter to Dear Eliot, circa 1930 April 25. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn The Papers of the Hayward Bequest of T.S. Eliot Material, 1860-1988 King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge
referencedIn Levertov, Denise, 1923-1997. Denise Levertov collection. [1940-1967]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
creatorOf Hayward, John, 1905-1965. Source material for Jonathan Swift catalog, 1932-1948. Houghton Library
referencedIn Pirie, Robert S. Robert S. Pirie papers, [1956-2005]. Grolier Club
referencedIn The Papers of John Davy Hayward, 1905-1965 King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge
creatorOf Ridler, Anne, 1912-2001. Letters, 1939-1948 : to John Hayward. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
creatorOf Burn, Michael. Letter : Llanfrothen, Penrhyndeudraeth, to John Hayward, 1953 Sept. 21. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn William Empson papers, 1811-1996 (inclusive), 1911-1984 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf Bowen, Elizabeth, 1899-1973. Papers of Elizabeth Bowen, 1934-1946 (bulk 1944-1946). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn John Betjeman collection, 1908-2002, 1936-1984 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf John Hayward Letter to Henry Pettit (MS 203), 1961 University of Colorado at Boulder Libraries. Special Collections Dept.
referencedIn Sitwell, Edith, 1887-1964. Autograph letter signed : Montagnana, Italy, to Jane Clark, 1957 Jan. 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn T. S. (Thomas Stearns) Eliot additional papers, 1903-1963. Houghton Library
referencedIn " Plan of an estate in the parish of Redmarley " [d'Abitot], co. Worc., property of Mrs. Hayward, surveyed by T. Pinnell, 18; 4 chains to an inch. Vellum ; 1 ft. 7 in. x 1 ft. 6 5/8 in.Redmarley D' Abitot, Worcestershire (afterwards county Gloucester... British Library
referencedIn White, Eric Walter, 1905-1985. Correspondence files concerning publishing the Poetry Book Society Christmas 1966 supplement in memory of John Hayward, 1966. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Letters and drawings, 1828-1870. Houghton Library
referencedIn Mary Hyde Eccles papers Houghton Library
creatorOf The Papers of John Davy Hayward, 1905-1965 King's College Archive Centre, Cambridge
referencedIn Papers of Robert Graves: Lectures and speeches, 1958 to 1973 St John's College, Oxford
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Betjeman, John, 1906-1984. person
associatedWith Bowen, Elizabeth, 1899-1973. person
associatedWith Burn, Michael. person
associatedWith Davis, Herbert John, 1893-1967, person
correspondedWith Eccles, Mary Hyde. person
associatedWith Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1888-1965, person
correspondedWith Empson, William, 1906-1984 person
correspondedWith Fischer, Ruth, 1895- person
associatedWith Graves, Robert Ranke, 1895-1985 person
associatedWith Green, Henry, 1905-1974. person
associatedWith Hayward, John Davy person
associatedWith Jackson, William A. (William Alexander), 1905-1964, person
associatedWith Landa, Louis A., 1901- person
correspondedWith Landseer, Edwin Henry, Sir, 1803-1873 person
associatedWith Levertov, Denise, 1923-1997. person
associatedWith Pettit, Henry, 1906- person
correspondedWith Pirie, Robert S. person
associatedWith Ratchford, Fannie Elizabeth, 1888- person
correspondedWith Ridler, Anne, 1912-2001. person
associatedWith Sitwell, Edith, 1887-1964. person
associatedWith Swift, Jonathan, 1667-1745. person
correspondedWith Sykes, Christopher, 1907-1986. person
associatedWith White, Eric Walter, 1905-1985. person
associatedWith Williams, Harold, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Redmarley D' Abitot, Worcestershire (afterwards county Gloucestershire)


Birth 1905-02-02

Death 1965




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