Saxton, Rufus, 1824-1908

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Assistant Commissioner, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands.

From the description of Letter : Beaufort, S.C., to Col. George H. Nye, 1865 August 28. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 32140139

Brigadier General who commanded the District of Beaufort, Department of the South, 1863-1865, and served as assistant commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau in South Carolina, 1865; Saxton recruited and trained the 1st South Carolina Colored Volunteers; 1849 graduate of West Point; explorer of Rocky Mountains; belatedly received Medal of Honor for his defense of Harpers Ferry during the 1862 Shenandoah Valley Campaign.

From the description of Rufus Saxton papers, 1863 Jan 4-1866 Mar. 25. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 56969296

Army officer.

From the description of Rufus Saxton correspondence, 1862-1889. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980403

Brigadier-general, U.S. Army, Department of the South.

From the description of Letters, 1862-1864. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 32794840

Rufus Saxton was born in Greenfield, Massachusetts, in 1824 and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1849. During the Civil War he participated in the Port Royal Expedition and in May 1862, Saxton was appointed the military governor of the Department of the South. From his headquarters in Beaufort, South Carolina, he organized the first black regiment in the United States Army. In 1865 Saxton became commissioner for the Freedmen's Bureau and a year later returned to the Quartermasters Corps. He retired in 1888 and died in 1908.

Samuel Willard Saxton was born in Deerfield, Massachusetts in 1829. A printer by training, Saxton lived at Brook Farm (1845-1847), working on The Harbinger, and then he moved to Boston to carry on his trade. During the Civil War he served as an aide-de-camp to his brother, General Rufus Saxton, in South Carolina. In 1866 S. Willard Saxton became a civilian employee of the Freedmen's Bureau in Washington, D.C. and remained with the agency until 1869. He then became an employee of the Treasury Department and continued in various governmental offices until his retirement in 1920. Saxton died in 1933.

From the description of Rufus and S. Willard Saxton papers, 1834-1934 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702179402

Rufus Saxton, 1824-1908

Rufus Saxton was born in Greenfield, Massachusetts in 1824 and graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1849. During the Civil War he participated in the Port Royal Expedition and in May 1862, Saxton was appointed the military governor of the Department of the South. From his headquarters in Beaufort, South Carolina, he organized the first black regiment in the United States Army. In 1865 Saxton became commissioner for the Freedmen's Bureau and a year later returned to the Quartermasters Corps. He retired in 1888 and died in 1908.

Samuel Willard Saxton, 1829-1933

Samuel Willard Saxton was born in Deerfield, Massachusetts, in 1829. As an adolescent Saxton was apprenticed to a printer, and from 1845 to 1847 he lived at George Ripley's Brook Farm, where he worked on The Harbinger . When Brook Farm was dissolved he went to work in Boston, where he lived off and on for the next fifteen years.

In 1862 Saxton joined his brother General Rufus Saxton in South Carolina. During the remainder of the Civil War Saxton served as his brother's aide-de-camp. He was brevetted major in 1865. Saxton remained in South Carolina on the staff of General Robert K. Howard until 1866 when he became a civilian employee of the Freedmen's Bureau. In 1869 Saxton was appointed to a position in the office of the First Comptroller of the Treasury and eventually rose to be chief of his division. Saxton retired from the government in 1921.

In 1861 Saxton married Mary Grant. They had seven children: Edward, Fanny (d. 1869), Minnie, Mattie, Louise, Katharine, and Beth. Saxton died in 1933 at the age of 103.

From the guide to the Rufus and S. Willard Saxton papers, 1834-1934, (Manuscripts and Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Edward William Hooper letters, 1862-1892 (inclusive), 1862-1865 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925. Correspondence, 1886-1921. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Saxton, Rufus, 1824-1908. Letter : Beaufort, S.C., to Col. George H. Nye, 1865 August 28. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
creatorOf United States. Army. Dept. of the South. Records, 1862-1866. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf United States. Army. Dept. of the South. Headquarters (Beaufort, S.C.). Records, 1862 Aug. 5-1865 Apr. 22. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Saxton, Rufus, 1824-1908. Letter, 1865 Aug. 17, Beaufort (S.C.), to Col. George N. [Henry] Nye, 29th Regt., Maine Volunteers, Darlington (S.C.). University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Knox, Thomas P. Startling revelations in reference to the management of the Military Department of South Carolina : broadside, 1864. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Saxton, Rufus, b. 1824. Letters, 1862-1864. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Saxton, Rufus, 1824-1908. Rufus Saxton correspondence, 1862-1889. Library of Congress
creatorOf Davis, W. W. H. (William Watts Hart), 1820-1910. W.W.H. Davis papers, 1863-1864. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn The New York Daily Tribune, New York. Dispatches from South Carolina for The New York Daily Tribune, 1863 July 31-1865 June 14. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Saxton, Rufus, 1824-1908. Rufus and S. Willard Saxton papers, 1834-1934 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Robinson" to "Saxton". Brown University, John Hay Library
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Photographic Portrait File The Huntington Library
referencedIn Thomas Wentworth Higginson correspondence, 1843-1911. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Saxton, Rufus, 1824-1908. Rufus Saxton papers, 1863 Jan 4-1866 Mar. 25. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Wendell Phillips papers, 1555-1882 (inclusive) 1833-1881 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Rufus and S. Willard Saxton papers, 1834-1934 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith All Soul's Church (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Alvord, John Watson, 1807-1880. person
associatedWith American Missionary Association. person
associatedWith Brook Farm Phalanx (West Roxbury, Boston, Mass.) corporateBody
associatedWith Burroughs, John, 1837-1921. person
correspondedWith Burt, John Mowlem, Sir, 1845-1918 person
associatedWith Davis, W. W. H. (William Watts Hart), 1820-1910. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith General Council of the Congregational and Christian Churches of the United States. Board of Home Missions. corporateBody
associatedWith Grand Army of the Republic. corporateBody
associatedWith Hay, John, 1838-1905. person
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911 person
associatedWith Hooper, Edward William, 1839-1901 person
associatedWith Howard, O. O. (Oliver Otis), 1830-1909. person
associatedWith Knox, Thomas P. person
correspondedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the District of Columbia. corporateBody
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. District of Columbia commandery. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nye, George Henry, 1828-1908 person
associatedWith Parker, Theodore, 1810-1860. person
correspondedWith Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884 person
associatedWith Saxton, Samuel Willard, 1829-1933. person
associatedWith Scott, Robert Kingston, 1826-1900. person
associatedWith Shaw, Robert Gould, 1837-1863. person
associatedWith Smalls, Robert, 1839-1915. person
correspondedWith Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874 person
associatedWith The New York Daily Tribune, New York. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Dept. of the South corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Dept. of the South. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Dept. of the South. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Dept. of the South. Headquarters (Beaufort, S.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, 54th (1863-1865) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. South Carolina Volunteers. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Treasury Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Treasury Dept. Officials and employees. corporateBody
correspondedWith Whipple, George, 1805-1876 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Southern States
Confederate States of America
Guilford (Conn.)
Boston (Mass.)
Sea Islands
Southern States
Guilford (Conn.)
Washington, D.C
United States
Port Royal Region (S.C.)
Beaufort (S.C.)
Washington, D.C.
South Carolina--Port Royal Region
Beaufort (S.C.)
South Carolina--Port Royal Region
Southern States
South Carolina
Southern States
Southern States.
South Carolina
Beaufort County (S.C.)
United States
United States
Beaufort (S.C.)
United States
Beaufort County (S.C.)
Boston (Mass.)
Port Royal Region (S.C.)
Subject
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
Patriotism
Land reform
Abolitionists
Slavery--Emancipation
Civil service--United States
Slaves--Emancipation
African Americans--Employment
African Americans
African Americans--History--1863-1877
African American soldiers
Unitarians
Freedmen
African Americans--Education
Civil service
Occupation
Army officers
Printer
Public officers
Soldiers
Function

Person

Birth 1824-10-19

Death 1908-02-23

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