Taft, Philip, 1902-1976

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Labor historian, economist, and professor of economics at Brown University; d. 1979.

From the description of Papers, 1960-1972. (Wayne State University). WorldCat record id: 28417257

Philip Taft, Professor of Economics at Brown University, was a leading historian on the American labor movement. He died in 1976.

From the description of Articles, 1939-1976. (University of Texas at Arlington). WorldCat record id: 22940204

Labor historian.

From the description of Reminiscences of Philip Taft : oral history, 1976. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309738331

Philip Taft served as a professor in the economics department at Brown University from 1937 to 1968. An historian of the American labor movement, Taft published 14 books and over 80 scholarly articles on the subject during his lifetime. He began his study of labor in Alabama in 1973 while serving as a consultant to the Center for Labor Education and Research at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He died in 1976 without having finished preparing his manuscript for publication. A revised and edited version of the manuscript was, however, published posthumously in 1981 under the title Organizing Dixie: Alabama Workers in the Industrial Era.

From the description of Research notes on Alabama labor history, 1902-1977. (Birmingham-Jefferson Public Library). WorldCat record id: 25557684

Philip Taft was one of the nation's foremost historians of the American labor movement, especially the American Federation of Labor. He wrote 14 books and more than 82 articles and was recognized by scholars and trade union leaders as a chief source on the growth of American labor.

Born March 22, 1902 in Syracuse, NY, Taft dropped out of school in the sixth grade and worked as an errand boy, a field and factory worker, a coal passer on ore boats in the Great Lakes and a pipe liner in the oil fields of Kansas. He completed high school at night and entered the University of Wisconsin at the age of 26 in 1928. He was co-author with his teacher, Selig Perlman, of the fourth volume of "History of Labor in the United States," which appeared in 1935 when he received his doctorate. He worked for the Wisconsin Industrial Commission, the Resettlement Administration and the Social Security Administration before joining the Brown faculty in 1937. He was chairman of the economics department in 1949-1953 while writing such volumes as "Economics and Problems of Labor" (1942), the chapter on the growth of union membership under the New Deal in the Twentieth Century Fund's "How Collective Bargaining Works" and "Movements for Economic Reform" (1950). A member of the Brown University faculty for 31 years, Dr. Taft retired in 1968. He did not give up his research and in 1975 was awarded a Guggenheim fellowship to continue studying the history of the labor movement in Alabama.

Among many renowned works, Philip Taft is the author of "The A.F. Of L. in the Time of Gompers" (New York, Harper [1957]); "Corruption and Racketeering in the Labor Movement" (Ithaca [New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University, 1970]); "Economics and Problems of Labor" (Harrisburg, Pa., Stackpole sons [c1942]); "History of Labour in the United States" (New York, Macmillan, 1918-35), with John Commons and others; and "United They Teach; The Story of the United Federation of Teachers" (Los Angeles, Nash Pub. [1974]).

Philip Taft died in Providence, RI on November 17, 1976 at the age of 74.

From the guide to the Philip Taft records, 1840-1976., 1840-1976, (Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Neufeld, Maurice F. Maurice F. Neufeld papers, 1910-1987, 1940-1980 (bulk). Cornell University Library
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Correspondence, with Agnes Inglis, 1943-1948. University of Michigan
referencedIn Maurice F. Neufeld Papers, 1919-1990, (bulk 1932-1987) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Neufeld, Maurice F. Papers, 1919-1990 (bulk 1932-1987). Library of Congress
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Material relating to the California State Federation of Labor unions, ca. 1938-1958. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Lovestone, Jay. Jay Lovestone. Papers, 1929-1983. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. Letters, to Philip Taft, 1943. University of Michigan
referencedIn ILGWU. Gus Tyler papers, 1952-1980 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Neufeld, Maurice F. Papers of Maurice F. Neufeld, 1919-1990 (bulk 1932-1987). Library of Congress
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Articles, 1939-1976. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Photograph collection. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Philip Taft. Papers, 1840-1976. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-. Reminiscences of Philip Taft : oral history, 1976. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Material relating to the California State Federation of Labor unions, ca. 1938-1958. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Philip Taft research files on Chicago newspaper strike of 1912, ca. 1950-1961. Chicago History Museum
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President. ILGWU. Gus Tyler papers, 1952-1980. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Research notes on Alabama labor history, 1902-1977. Birmingham Jefferson Public Library, JCLC
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Papers, 1960-1972. Wayne State University
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Research notes on Alabama labor history, 1902-1977. Birmingham Jefferson Public Library, JCLC
creatorOf Philip Taft records, 1840-1976., 1840-1976 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.
referencedIn Cole, David Lawrence, 1902-1977. David Lawrence Cole series 7. Speeches, writings and lecture materials, 1949-1972, bulk 1949-1969. Cornell University Library
creatorOf Garvey, William, 1914-1985. William Garvey papers. [manuscript]. 1913-1980. (bulk 1958-1972). Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. Taft, Philip. Papers, 1840-1976. Cornell University Library
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Communications Dept., Biography files. Pt.3. Cornell University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith AFL-CIO corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith Bray family. family
associatedWith Bray, John Francis, 1809-1897. person
associatedWith Brown University corporateBody
associatedWith California Labor League for Political Education. corporateBody
associatedWith California State Federation of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith Cole, David Lawrence, 1902-1977. person
associatedWith Garvey, William, 1914-1985. person
associatedWith Honig, Margot, person
associatedWith Industrial Workers of the World. corporateBody
associatedWith Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. person
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President. corporateBody
associatedWith Lovestone, Jay. person
associatedWith Neufeld, Maurice F. person
associatedWith Perlman, Selig, 1888-1959. person
associatedWith Taft, Philip, 1902-1976. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
Alabama
United States
California
Rhode Island
United States
United States
Chicago (Ill.)
Illinois--Chicago
Subject
Agricultural laborers
Newspaper employees--Labor unions
Labor unions--Officials and employees
Tramps
Labor unions--History--Sources
Journalism, Labor
Industrial relations--United States--History--Sources--Catalogs
Labor unions
Industrial relations--20th century
Newspaper publishing--20th century
Authors--Interviews
Labor literature
American periodicals
Labor movement--History
Trials
Historians--20th century
African American labor union members
Labor movement
Labor movement--Research
Industrial relations--Sources
Strikes and lockouts--Newspapers
Industrial relations
Collective bargaining--Printing industry
Labor unions--History
Occupation
Historians--United States
Economists--United States
College teachers--Rhode Island
Function

Person

Birth 1902-03-22

Death 1976-11-17

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 23275963