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The Spanish settled in California in 1769. The first permanent settlement was started when soldiers and sailors established permanent residence in San Diego. San Jose de Guadalupe was the first pueblo in California. It was founded November 29, 1777 by five colonists who had come to California with explorer, Juan Baptista de Anza.

From 1769 to 1822 California was under Spanish rule. In 1822, California declared independence from Spain and aligned with Mexico. After a period of unrest, the territory came into the possession of the United States in 1846.

In 1848, gold was discovered leading to a great immigration. In less than four years there were 250,000 people in the state. California was admitted to the union as a free state September 9, 1850.

From the guide to the Pioneer Manuscript Collection, 1796-1897, (California State Library)


From 1769 to 1822 California was under Spanish rule. In 1822, California declared independence from Spain and aligned with Mexico. After a period of unrest, the territory came into possession of the United States in 1846. On September 9, 1850, California became a state.

From the guide to the Spanish and Mexican Materials, 1780-1850, (California State Library)


For fifty years, John Thomas Doyle worked on the "Pious Fund" case as legal counselor for San Francisco Catholic Archbishops Joseph Alemany and Patrick Riordan. Doyle was born on November 26, 1819 in New York. In 1851, he came to San Francisco and practiced law. He returned to New York in 1856. In New York, he married Antonia Pons, returning to San Francisco in 1859. He served in various positions throughout his life: member of the first Board of Regents for the University of California, California State Commissioner of Transportation in 1877-78, and first President of the California Historical Society. He died in Menlo Park on December 23, 1906.

From the guide to the John Thomas Doyle Collection, 1893-1902, (California State Library)


Held in Sacramento the week of May 23 to 28, 1923, the Days of '49 Celebration honored the discovery of gold in 1848 by James Marshall. A parade, costume and whisker contest were held and a life size mining town was erected in downtown Sacramento. All members of the Chamber of Commerce, the mayor, and most of the citizens of Sacramento participated.

From the guide to the Days of '49 Collection, 1923, (California State Library)


Mercury, or quicksilver, has been mined in California since the late Mexican era. Gold mining dates back almost to the earliest European settlement of California.

Gold mining by large numbers of people began very quickly after the discovery by James W. Marshall on January 24, 1848. After the gold rush dwindled away in the 1860s, gold continued to be mined in California. Gold has been discovered in 52 of the present 58 counties of the state. This collection includes mining materials from El Dorado, Mono, Nevada, Sierra, Siskiyou and Riverside Counties.

From the guide to the Mining Companies Miscellany, 1900-1935, (California State Library)


The early years of the twentieth century saw a continuing growth of the collections and services of the California State Library as well as most other branches of government. Space in the State Capital Building was no longer sufficient and the need for a new building to house the State Library and Courts became manifest. First bonds, $3,000,000 for a new building were voted and approved by the electorate in November of 1917, the City of Sacramento gave title to two blocks bounded by L and N, Ninth and Tenth, as the site for the new state building. Competition to select an architect resulted in the choice of Weeks and Day of San Francisco.

War delayed construction, however, ground was broken in March 1922, and the cornerstone of the State Library-Courts Building laid by March, 1924. Increases in the cost of building required another bond issue of $1,250,000 which voters approved in November, 1926. The building was completed in 1928 and the State Library moved into its new quarters during the summer.

From the guide to the Library-Courts Building Collection, 1910-1930, (California State Library)


Jack London, popular author and important literary figure, was born in San Francisco January 12, 1876, the son of Flora Wellman and William Henry Chaney. John London was his stepfather. He married first, Bessie Maddern, and second, Charmian Kittredge. As a child he lived in San Francisco, near Livermore, and in Oakland. He spent much time on the Oakland waterfront and San Francisco Bay in various capacities. His first book of short stories, SON OF THE WOLF, was published in 1900. This was followed by many other works of fiction. Early in his career, he was an ardent socialist and many of his writings reflect this fact. He built an estate in the Valley of the Moon, Glen Ellen, Sonoma County, and practiced experimental farming and stock raising. He traveled extensively. He died on November 22, 1916.

From the guide to the Jack London Collection, 1893-1977, (California State Library)


The Central Pacific Railroad Company was established in 1861. It was financed by the "Big Four," Charles Crocker, Mark Hopkins, Collis P. Huntington, and Leland Stanford and by land grants, subsidies and loans from federal, state and local government resources. Construction began on January 8, 1863 and on May 10, 1869 the railroad was completed to Promontory Point, Utah, where it met with the Union Pacific. The "Big Four" also acquired the Southern Pacific Railroad. In 1899 after much negotiation between the Central Pacific and the United States government settlement was made which eventually brought about repayment of the loan made by the United States. The Central Pacific Railroad was absorbed by the Southern Pacific in 1899.

From the guide to the Central Pacific Railroad Company Collection, 1861-1899, (California State Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Baldridge, Frank A. Mining Collection descriptions. California State Library
referencedIn Nirenstein National Realty Map Company Records., undated, 1909-1983. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
creatorOf Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946. Maynard Dixon papers, [ca. 1896-1946]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Gillis, Mabel Ray. Mabel Gillis correspondence, 1917-1948. California State Library
creatorOf California State Library. Industry and social census for California, 1870 [microform]. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Days of '49 Collection, 1923 California State Library
creatorOf Jack London Collection, 1893-1977 California State Library
referencedIn Kurutz, Gary. Sesquicentennial Exhibits, 1999-2000. California State Library
referencedIn Lawrence Clark Powell papers concerning John Steinbeck, 1935-1941. Houghton Library.
referencedIn J. W. Johnson Papers, 1863-2000 (bulk 1933-1988) Water Resources Collections and Archives
creatorOf Library-Courts Building Collection, 1910-1930 California State Library
referencedIn Bayard, William, 1814-1907. Papers of William Bayard, 1856-1920. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Music Division Library of Congress
creatorOf California State Library. [Borrower's record, 1859-1865]. California State Library
creatorOf Pioneer Manuscript Collection, 1796-1897 California State Library
creatorOf California State Library. A study of the libraries of the city of Hollister and the county of San Benito, California. [microform]. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf Central Pacific Railroad Company Collection, 1861-1899 California State Library
creatorOf Read, Georgia Willis. Papers of Georgia Willis Read, 1849-1951 (bulk 1932-1951) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf California State Library. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1918. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Eddy, Harriet G. (Harriet Gertrude), 1876?-1966. Harriet G. Eddy papers, 1918-1967. California State Library
referencedIn Inventory of the Everette B. Long Papers Ragan MSS 00080., 1949-1981 Cushing Memorial Library,
referencedIn Guide to the Cased Photographs from The Bancroft Library and the California State Library The Bancroft Library California State Library
referencedIn Eudora Garoutte Collection, 1918-1943 California State Library
referencedIn Wenzel, Caroline, 1886-1959. Caroline Wenzel Collection, 1890-1969. California State Library
referencedIn Percy, Nancy. Library and Courts I collection. California State Library
creatorOf California State Library. California State Library catalogue of books : ms., 1850 July. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Livingston, Louis. Louis Livingston material relating to his father, Marcus Livingston, 1932-1941. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Author's Manuscripts California State Library
creatorOf Mining Companies Miscellany, 1900-1935 California State Library
referencedIn Garoutte, Eudora, d. 1943. Eudora Garoutte Collection, 1908-1943. California State Library
creatorOf California State Library. California census, 1880. Vol. 4 [microform]. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Nahum Sabsay papers, 1924-1969. Houghton Library.
creatorOf John Thomas Doyle Collection, 1893-1902 California State Library
referencedIn Caroline Wenzel Collection, 1914-1969 California State Library
referencedIn Wells Drury Papers, 1871-1932 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Apple Computer, Inc. Records, 1977-1998 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf State Library Collection (SLC) California State Library
referencedIn Gillis, J. L. (James Louis), 1857-1917. James Gillis and Newton Spencer correspondence regarding James Marshall materials, 1913. California State Library
creatorOf Gillis, J. L. (James Louis), 1857-1917,. Typescript letters signed J.L. Gillis, California State Library, Sacramento to William Winter [manuscript], 1917 February-April. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Spanish and Mexican Materials, 1780-1850 California State Library
referencedIn California State Library. Board of Trustees. Record of the proceedings of the Board of Trustees of the California State Library, 1861 March 9-1921 May 21. California State Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Apple Computer, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Baldridge, Frank A. person
associatedWith Bayard, William, 1814-1907. person
associatedWith Bowman, J. N. 1875-1968. person
associatedWith California State Library. Board of Trustees. corporateBody
associatedWith Central Pacific Railroad Company corporateBody
associatedWith Chaney, William Henry person
associatedWith Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946. person
associatedWith Doyle, John T. (John Thomas), 1819-1906 person
correspondedWith Drury, Wells, 1851-1932 person
associatedWith Eddy, Harriet G. (Harriet Gertrude), 1876?-1966. person
associatedWith Garoutte, Eudora, d. 1943. person
associatedWith Gillis, J. L. (James Louis), 1857-1917. person
associatedWith Gillis, Mabel Ray. person
associatedWith Johnson, J. W. (Joe William), b. 1908 person
associatedWith Livingston, Louis. person
associatedWith London, Charmian person
associatedWith London, Flora Wellman person
associatedWith London, Jack, 1876-1916 person
associatedWith Long, E. B. (Everette Beach), 1919-1981 person
associatedWith Mexicans - California - History person
correspondedWith Nirenstein National Realty Map Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Powell, Lawrence Clark, 1906-2001 person
associatedWith Read, Georgia Willis. person
associatedWith Sabsay, Nahum, 1890- person
correspondedWith Slonimsky, Nicolas, 1894-1995 person
associatedWith Southern Pacific Railroad Company corporateBody
associatedWith State Library-Courts Building (Sacramento, Calif.) corporateBody
associatedWith Suggett, Laura Steffens. person
associatedWith Wenzel, Caroline, 1886-1959. person
associatedWith Wenzel family family
Place Name Admin Code Country
Sacramento (Calif.)
California - History - 1846-1850
Mercury Mines and mining--California
Gold mines and mining--California--Mono County
Frontier and pioneer life--California
Gold mines and mining--California--El Dorado County
Gold mines and mining--California--Riverside County
Gold mines and mining--California--Sierra County
Library circulation and loans
Pious Fund of the Californias
Gold mines and mining--California--Siskiyou County
Religion and law
Library buildings--California--Sacramento
Gold mines and mining--California--Nevada County
Lawyers--California--San Francisco
Authors, American--California--Manuscripts

Corporate Body





Ark ID: w6hm9bhz

SNAC ID: 2269720