De Leon, Solon, 1883-

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Solon DeLeon was born in New York City on September 2, 1883. He was the son of Daniel DeLeon, Marxist theoretician and leader of the Socialist Labor Party (SLP). Although his parents were Jewish, he was unaware of this until he was an adult. He graduated from City College in 1902 and after working in Connecticut as a carpenter, house painter, and teacher, he returned to New York in 1905 to work on the SLP publications Daily People and Weekly People as a reporter, rewrite man, and assistant editor. He translated "The Sword of Honor, or the Foundation of the French Revolution" by Eugene Sue and "Patriotism and the Worker" by Gustave Herve for publication by the SLP publishing house, New York Labor News Company. DeLeon received an MA in economics from Columbia University in 1912 and a social work degree from the New School of Social Work (then the New York School of Philanthropy) in 1913. He was employed by the American Association for Labor Legistlation as a field investigator, writer, and researcher, 1912-1920, while continuing to contribute to SLP publications under the pseudonym, Braset Marteau, but becamce politically and personally estranged from his father and from the SLP and was expelled from the Party in 1918.

He was briefly a member of the Socialist Party of America, joining the Workers' Council group which became part of the Communist party in 1920. DeLeon contributed to and helped to edit the Advance, the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America's newspaper, 1919-1922; was director of the labor research department, Rand School of Social Science, during the 1920s, and edited the American Labor Year Book published by the Rand School. During the 1930s, he taught science and shop at the Walden School, a private progressive school in New York; was a nature and shop counselor at children's summer camps, and, as Bert Grant, wrote a science and nature column for the New Pioneer. From 1943 to 1964 DeLeon was assistant research director for the National Maritime Union. He was also active in the Labor Research Association during the 1960s, and was a regular contributor of articles and book reviews to its publication Economic Notes. DeLeon was a librarian and French instructor at Kettrell Junior College, a Black college in North Carolina from 1965 t0 1967, and died in Ellenville, N.Y., on December 3, 1975.

From the description of Papers, 1900-1975. (New York University). WorldCat record id: 477248705

Solon De Leon was born in New York City on September 2, 1883. He was the son of Daniel De Leon, Marxist theoretician and leader of the Socialist Labor Party (SLP). Although his parents were Jewish, he was unaware of this until he was an adult. He graduated from City College in 1902 and after working in Connecticut as a carpenter, house painter, and teacher, he returned to New York in 1905 to work on the SLP publications Daily People and Weekly People as a reporter, re-write man, and assistant editor. He translated "The Sword of Honor, or the Foundation of the French Revolution" by Eugene Sue and "Patriotism and the Worker" by Gustave Herve for publication by the SLP publishing house, New York Labor News Company. De Leon received an MA in economics from Columbia University in 1912 and a social work degree from the New School of Social Work (then the New York School of Philanthropy) in 1913. He was employed by the American Association for Labor Legislation as a field investigator, writer, and researcher, 1912-1920, while continuing to contribute to SLP publications under the pseudonym, Braset Marteau, but became politically and personally estranged from his father and from the SLP and was expelled from the Party in 1918.

He was briefly a member of the Socialist Party of America, joining the Workers' Council group that became part of the Communist party in 1920. De Leon contributed to and helped to edit the Advance, the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America's newspaper, 1919-1922; was director of the labor research department, Rand School of Social Science, during the 1920s, and edited the American Labor Year Book published by the Rand School. During the 1930s, he taught science and shop at the Walden School, a private progressive school in New York; was a nature and shop counselor at children's summer camps, and, as Bert Grant, wrote a science and nature column for the New Pioneer. From 1943 to 1964 De Leon was assistant research director for the National Maritime Union. He was also active in the Labor Research Association during the 1960s, and was a regular contributor of articles and book reviews to its publication Economic Notes. De Leon was a librarian and French instructor at Kettrell Junior College, a Black college in North Carolina from 1965 to 1967, and died in Ellenville, N.Y., on December 3, 1975.

From the guide to the Solon De Leon Papers, 1900-1975, (Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives Labor and Radicalism Photograph Collection, Bulk, 1940-1965, 1860-1985 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Nelson Frank Papers, 1888-1971 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Labor Research Association Records, 1914-2009 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Labor Research Association (U.S.). Records, 1914-1981. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf De Leon, Solon, 1883-. Papers, 1900-1975. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 2, part a. Correspondence (A-G) 1910-1915. [microform]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Frank, Nelson, 1906-1974. Papers, 1888-1971. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Oral History of the American Left. Radical Histories. Oral histories, 1970-1980. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Labor Research Association Records 1914-2001. New York University, Tamiment Library
referencedIn Oral History of the American Left: Radical Histories, 1920-1980 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf Solon De Leon Papers, 1900-1975 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives,. Tamiment Library general photograph collection [graphic]. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Frank, Nelson 1906-1974. Nelson Frank Papers 1888-1971. New York University, Tamiment Library
referencedIn Madison, Charles Allan. Papers, 1918-1985. Churchill County Museum
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith American Association for Labor Legislation. corporateBody
associatedWith American labor who's who. corporateBody
associatedWith American labor year book. corporateBody
associatedWith Daily people. corporateBody
associatedWith De Leon, Daniel, 1852-1914. person
associatedWith Frank, Nelson, 1906-1974. person
associatedWith Henchberg, Sidney. person
associatedWith Henchberg, Sidney. person
associatedWith Kittrell Junior College. corporateBody
associatedWith Labor Research Association (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Laidler, Harry Wellington, 1884-1970. person
associatedWith League for Industrial Democracy. corporateBody
associatedWith Madison, Charles Allan. person
associatedWith Manumit School (Pawling, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Manumit School (Pawling, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith National Maritime Union of America. corporateBody
associatedWith National Maritime Union of America. Education Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith New pioneer (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Petersen, Arnold, 1885-1976. person
associatedWith Rand School of Social Science. Dept. of Labor Research. corporateBody
associatedWith Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Schiffrin, Andre person
associatedWith Schiffrin, André. person
associatedWith Socialist Labor Party. corporateBody
associatedWith Socialist Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, corporateBody
associatedWith Thomas, Norman, 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Walden School (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Weekly people. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)--New York
United States
New York (State)
Subject
Educators--United States
Working class--Education
Labor literature--United States
Labor leaders--United States
Journalists
Educators
Working class--Education--United States
Labor laws and legislation
Socialists
Camp counselors--New York (State)
Journalists--New York (State)--New York
Teachers
Collective bargaining
Editors--New York (State)--New York
Labor laws and legislation--United States
Camp counselors
Teachers--New York (State)--New York
Labor unions--Organizing--United States
Labor unions--Organizing
Collective bargaining--United States
Labor leaders
Socialists--United States
Editors
Labor literature
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1883

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