Roszak, Theodore, 1907-1981

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Painter, sculptor, Chicago, Ill., and New York, N.Y.

From the description of Oral history interview with Theodore Roszak, 1963. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 756821049

Painter, sculptor (New York, N.Y.).

From the description of Theodore Roszak interview, 1963 [microform]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220179357

Sculptor, painter, designer, decorator, lithographer, teacher, craftsperson; New York City.

Born in Poland. Died in 1981. Studied at the National Academy of Design. Member of American Artists Congress. Teacher at Laboratory School of Industrial Design, N.Y.

From the description of Theodore Roszak papers 1928-1981. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122403921

Biographical/Historical Note

Theodore Roszak was born May 1, 1907 in Poznan, Poland. Roszak's mother was an accomplished fashion designer and his father was a organist and prolific composer. The Roszak family emigrated to the United States in 1909 and settled in Chicago. Roszak began drawing at the age of seven; by the age of fifteen he was attending evening sessions at the Art Institute of Chicago Professional School. In 1925 he entered the Art Institute as a full-time student.

In 1929 Roszak received the Anna Louise Raymond Fellowship for European Study. He discovered the avant-garde movement abroad and was especially attracted to surrealism, particularly the work of Giorgio de Chirico. He returned to America and settled in New York in 1931 and was awarded a Tiffany Foundation Fellowship. Throughout the 1930s to the mid 1940s, Roszak produced mostly drawings, yet he was also experimenting with the extension of those drawings as manifested in paintings and sculpture. At this time he was influenced by constructivism and the machine aesthetic. His interests shifted subsequently and from 1946 onward he primarily produced sculpture in the abstract expressionist style. Roszak returned to drawing in the 1970s when illness prevented him from welding. Throughout his life, Roszak maintained an interest in photography. He created photograms until 1947. He also meticulously photographed his projects: his works in progress and the finished pieces.

Roszak is well known for his collaborations with Eero Saarinen, which include the spire and bell tower at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1956, and the Eagle for the United States Embassy in London, 1960. In 1956 a major traveling retrospective of his work was organized at the Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. He also had several important exhibitions at the Pierre Matisse Gallery and Hirschl and Adler Galleries, both in New York City. He held teaching positions at the Laboratory School of Industrial Design, New York, and Sarah Lawrence College. Roszak served on several government-sponsored committees, including the Advisory Committee on Cultural Presentations Program, Advisory Board of National Committee of Arts and Government, and the Fine Arts Commission, Washington D.C. and New York.

From the guide to the Theodore Roszak papers, 1926-1994, 1930-1980, (Getty Research Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Roszak, Theodore, 1907-. Oral history interview with Theodore Roszak, 1963. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roszak, Theodore, 1907-1981. Theodore J. Roszak : artist file : study photographs and reproductions of works of art with accompanying documentation 1930?-1990 [graphic] [compiled by staff of The Museum of Modern Art, New York]. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
creatorOf De Mille, Richard, 1922-. The Richard De Mille Collection, 1959-1979. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
creatorOf Guild Art Gallery (New York, N.Y.). Guild Art Gallery records, [ca. 1935-1939]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roszak, Theodore, 1907-1981. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
referencedIn Agostini, Peter. Peter Agostini interview, 1968 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn De Creeft, José, 1884-1982. José de Creeft papers, 1908-2004. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roszak, Theodore, 1907-1981. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)
referencedIn De Creeft, José, 1884-1982. José de Creeft papers, 1908-1982. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roszak, Theodore, 1907-1981. Theodore Roszak papers, 1930-1980. Getty Research Library
referencedIn Roszak, Theodore, 1907-1981 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Seeman, Joan French. Joan Seeman papers, 1973-1981. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Farruggio, Remo, 1906-1981. Remo Farruggio papers, 1937-1983. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Roszak, Theodore, 1907-1981. Theodore Roszak interview, 1963 [microform]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf International Association of Art Critics. International Association of Art Critics panel discussions, 1959 May 21-22. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Agostini, Peter. Oral history interview with Peter Agostini, 1968. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.). Pierre Matisse Gallery records, 1925-1989. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Ribicoff, Belle Krasne, 1924-. Belle Krasne Ribicoff papers, 1942-circa 2010, bulk 1945-2004. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Agostini, Peter. Peter Agostini interview, 1968 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Rhys Caparn Papers, 1932-1973 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn American Federation of Arts. American Federation of Arts records, 1895-1993 (bulk 1909-1969). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Roszak, Theodore : Biographical file. Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center
creatorOf Roszak, Theodore. Roszak, Theodore : [photography bio file]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Roszak, Theodore, 1907-. Theodore Roszak papers 1928-1981. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Theodore Roszak papers, 1926-1994, 1930-1980 Getty Research Institute
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agostini, Peter person
associatedWith American Federation of Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Barr, Alfred Hamilton, 1902- person
associatedWith Bellows, George, 1882-1925. person
associatedWith Caparn, Rhys, 1909- person
associatedWith De Creeft, José, 1884-1982. person
associatedWith De Mille, Richard, 1922- person
associatedWith Farruggio, Remo, 1906-1981. person
associatedWith Goodrich, Lloyd, 1897- person
associatedWith Guild Art Gallery (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Hawthorne, Charles Webster, 1872-1930. person
associatedWith International Association of Art Critics. corporateBody
associatedWith Luks, George Benjamin, 1867-1933. person
associatedWith Matisse, Pierre, 1900-1989. person
associatedWith Moholy-Nagy, László, 1895-1946 person
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Phillips, Harlan B. (Harlan Buddington), 1920- person
associatedWith Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Ribicoff, Belle Krasne, 1924- person
associatedWith Saarinen, Aline B. (Aline Bernstein), 1914-1972. person
associatedWith Saarinen, Eero, 1910-1961. person
associatedWith Seeman, Joan French. person
associatedWith Smith, David, 1906-1965. person
associatedWith Sweet, Frederick A. (Frederick Arnold), 1903-1984. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)
New York (State)
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
Subject
Sculptors--Interviews
Sculpture, American
Sculptors--United States
Painting, Modern--20th century
Sculpture, Modern--20th century
Abstract expressionism--United States
Art and state
Painters
Art, American
Art--American (?)--Reproductions
Public art--Designs and plans
Public art--United States
Constructivism (Art)--United States
Painters--Interviews
Art teachers
Sculpture, Abstract
Occupation
Photographers
Function

Person

Birth 1907

Death 1981

Americans

Information

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