Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954

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U.S. Attorney General.

From the description of Papers, 1940-1941. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 41571245

U.S. Supreme Court justice, attorney general, and solicitor general, and lawyer.

From the description of Robert Houghwout Jackson papers, 1816-1983 (bulk 1934-1954). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70982879

Supreme Court Justice.

From the description of Reminiscences of Robert Houghwout Jackson : oral history, 1952. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309739853

Robert Houghwout Jackson (b. Feb. 13, 1892-d. Oct. 9, 1954), lawyer, was United States Attorney General and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the chief United States prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials before the International Military Tribunal (IMT).

From the description of Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10580321

Biographical Note

  • 1892, Feb. 13: Born, Spring Creek Township, Waren Co. Pa.
  • 1912: Graduation certificate, Albany Law School, Union University, Albany, N.Y. (degree awarded June 1941 as a member of the class of 1912)
  • 1913: Admitted to the bar in New York
  • 1916: Married Irene Gerhardt
  • 1918: Corporation counsel, Jamestown, N.Y.
  • 1919: Junior partner, law firm of Dean, Edson and Jackson
  • 1923: Formed law partnership with Henry S. Manley and Gerald A. Herrick
  • 1927 - 1933 : Member, law firm of Jackson and Herrick
  • 1932: Member, Commission to Investigate the Administration of Justice in New York
  • 1934: Assistant general counsel, Bureau of Internal Revenue
  • 1935: Assistant attorney general, Tax Division, Department of Justice
  • 1936: Assistant attorney general, Antitrust Division, Department of Justice
  • 1938: Solicitor general
  • 1940: Attorney general
  • 1941 - 1954 : Associate justice, United States Supreme Court
  • 1945: United States chief of counsel for the prosecution of Axis war criminals, Nuremberg War Crimes Trial
  • 1954, Oct. 9: Died, Washington, D. C.

From the guide to the Robert Houghwout Jackson Papers, 1816-1983, (bulk 1934-1954), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Kemp, Edward Gearing, 1887-1962. Edward G. Kemp papers, 1920-1962 and undated. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Press release and statements from the Nuremberg trials, 1945-1947. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Irving Brant Papers, 1910-1977, (bulk 1938-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Prentiss Marsh Brown Papers, 1902-1973 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Burton, Harold H. (Harold Hitz), 1888-1964. Harold H. Burton papers, 1792-1965 (bulk 1935-1964). Library of Congress
creatorOf Prettyman, E. Barrett (Elijah Barrett), 1925-. Papers, 1944-1982, bulk 1953-1955. University of Virginia, Arthur J. Morris Law Library
referencedIn Harold H. Burton Papers, 1792-1965, (bulk 1935-1964) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Office of the US Chief for Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality. Office of the US Chief of Counsel records relating to defendant Artur Seyss-Inquart legal documents articles. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959. Papers of Charles C. Burlingham, 1876-1960 (inclusive), 1920-1958 (bulk). Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. Nuremberg
referencedIn Wiley Rutledge Papers, 1912-1984, (bulk 1935-1951) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954. Letter to Fulmer Mood : Washington, D.C. : LS, 1941 Dec. 3. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Prettyman, E. Barrett (Elijah Barrett), 1925-. Papers, 1944-1982, bulk 1953-1955. University of Virginia, Arthur J. Morris Law Library
referencedIn Fenton Historical Society (Jamestown, N.Y.). Robert Houghwout Jackson collection, 1920-1979. New York State Historical Documents
referencedIn Roosevelt, Franklin D. Letters 66-115; 71-165; 2012-196., 1918, 1933-1945 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Creel, George, 1876-1953. George Creel papers, 1857-1953 (bulk 1896-1953). Library of Congress
referencedIn Pell, Herbert Claiborne, 1884-1961. Papers, 1912-1960. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Nuremberg Trial Collection, 1945-1950 Charles Deering McCormick Library of Special Collections
referencedIn Berge, Wendell, 1903-1955. Wendell Berge papers, 1907-1950 (bulk 1920-1947). Library of Congress
referencedIn Chase, Stuart, 1888-1985. Stuart Chase papers, 1907-1978 (bulk 1931-1955). Library of Congress
creatorOf Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954. Papers, 1940-1941. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Robert Houghwout Jackson Papers, 1816-1983, (bulk 1934-1954) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954. David Diamond papers, 1925-1968. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
creatorOf Wyatt, Walter, 1893-1978. Papers of Walter Wyatt [manuscript], 1916-1963. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn National Progressive League. Collection, 1931-1932. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn James K. Pollock papers, 1920-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954. Letter to [Albert Craig] Baird. Washington, DC. 1940 May 9. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn Sun Company. Office of the president,. Files of J. Howard Pew, 1918-1947. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Black, Hugo LaFayette, 1886-1971. Hugo LaFayette Black papers, 1883-1976 (bulk 1926-1971). Library of Congress
creatorOf Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Records. Series IV., Author and Book Designer Files, 1911-1979 (bulk 1920-1960). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Warren, Earl, 1891-1974. Earl Warren papers, 1864-1974 (bulk 1953-1974). Library of Congress
referencedIn Hugo LaFayette Black Papers, 1883-1976, (bulk 1926-1971) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1876-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Pollock, James K. (James Kerr), 1898-1968. James Kerr Pollock papers, 1920-1968. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Robinson, Elmer E., 1894-1982,. Americana, 1765-1969. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1921-2000 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954. Reminiscences of Robert Houghwout Jackson : oral history, 1952. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972, 1929-1957 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965. Papers of Felix Frankfurter, 1900-1965 (inclusive), 1939-1962 (bulk). Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Wendell Berge Papers, 1907-1950, (bulk 1920-1947) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. Documentation from Nuremberg Military Tribunal Cases
creatorOf National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. Documentation from Nuremberg Military Tribunal Cases
referencedIn Morgenthau, Henry, 1891-1967. Papers, 1866-1953, 1933-1953 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960, 1892-1958 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965. Papers, 1900-1965. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Berger, Raoul, 1901-2000. Papers, 1921-2000. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Fairman, Charles, 1897-1988. Charles Fairman papers, 1925-1986, undated. South Texas College of Law Houston, The Fred Parks Law Library
referencedIn Office of the US Chief for Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality. Final Argument for the United States of America on the Indicted Organizations transcript. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
creatorOf Jackson, Robert Houghwout, 1892-1954. Robert Houghwout Jackson papers, 1816-1983 (bulk 1934-1954). Library of Congress
referencedIn Rutledge, Wiley, 1894-1949. Wiley Rutledge papers, 1912-1984 (bulk 1935-1951). Library of Congress
referencedIn Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (inclusive), 1892-1958 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn George Creel Papers, 1857-1953, (bulk 1896-1953) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Earl Warren Papers, 1864-1974, (bulk 1953-1974) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lincoln, Katherine F. (Katherine Fite), 1905-1989. Papers of Katherine Fite Lincoln, 1941-1976 (bulk 1945-1948). Harry S Truman Library
referencedIn Poole, DeWitt Clinton, 1885-1952. Papers, 1918-1952. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Stuart Chase Papers, 1907-1978, (bulk 1931-1955) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Wilson, Neill Compton, 1889-. Neill Compton Wilson papers, 1944-1969. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Thomas G. Corcoran Papers, 1792-1982, (bulk 1965-1980) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn John Mason Brown papers, 1922-1967. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franklin D., Letters, 1933-1945 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Corcoran, Thomas G. Thomas G. Corcoran papers, 1792-1982 (bulk 1965-1980). Library of Congress
referencedIn Powell, Thomas Reed, 1880-1955. Papers of Thomas Reed Powell, 1905-1955 (inclusive). Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Donovan, William J. (William Joseph), 1883-1959,. Nuremberg trials archive, 1933-1946. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Alderman, Sidney S. (Sidney Sherrill), b. 1892 person
associatedWith Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Aluminum Company of America. corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Labor. corporateBody
correspondedWith Arnold, Thurman Wesley, 1891-1969 person
associatedWith Baird, Albert Craig, 1883-1979, person
associatedWith Berger, Raoul, 1901-2000. person
correspondedWith Berge, Wendell, 1903-1955 person
correspondedWith Black, Hugo LaFayette, 1886-1971. person
correspondedWith Blair, John L. (John Leo), 1888-1962 person
correspondedWith Brant, Irving, 1885-1976 person
correspondedWith Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969 person
associatedWith Brown, Prentiss Marsh, 1889-1973 person
associatedWith Burlingham, Charles Culp, 1858-1959. person
correspondedWith Burton, Harold H. (Harold Hitz), 1888-1964. person
correspondedWith Cawcroft, Ernest person
correspondedWith Chase, Stuart, 1888-1985. person
associatedWith Citrine, Walter McLennan Citrine, baron, 1887- person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Corcoran, Thomas G. person
correspondedWith Craighill, Mary person
correspondedWith Creel, George, 1876-1953. person
correspondedWith Cummings, Homer S. (Homer Stillé), 1870-1956 person
correspondedWith Dean, Gordon E., 1905-1958 person
associatedWith Donovan, William J. (William Joseph), 1883-1959, person
correspondedWith Douglas, William O. (William Orville), 1898-1980 person
correspondedWith Durkin, John E. person
correspondedWith Fairman, Charles, 1897- person
associatedWith Fenton Historical Society (Jamestown, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965 person
associatedWith Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. person
associatedWith Gallagher, Charles J., -1988 person
associatedWith Green, William, 1870-1952. person
correspondedWith Harris, Whitney R. person
correspondedWith Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1895-1972 person
correspondedWith Horsky, Charles A. (Charles Antone), 1910-1997 person
associatedWith Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955. person
correspondedWith Jackson, William E. (William Eldred) person
associatedWith Kemp, Edward Gearing, 1887-1962. person
correspondedWith Kempner, Robert M. W. (Robert Max Wasilii), 1899- person
correspondedWith Kimball, Arthur Alden, 1908- person
correspondedWith Knopf, Alfred A., 1892-1984 person
associatedWith Lincoln, Katherine F. (Katherine Fite), 1905-1989. person
associatedWith Love, Thomas B. person
associatedWith Mellon, Andrew W. (Andrew William), 1855-1937. person
associatedWith Morgenthau, Henry, 1891-1967. person
correspondedWith Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949 person
associatedWith National Progressive League. corporateBody
correspondedWith Niebank, C. George (Cornelius George), 1925- person
associatedWith Office of the US Chief for Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality. corporateBody
associatedWith Office of the US Chief for Counsel for the Prosecution of Axis Criminality. corporateBody
associatedWith Pell, Herbert Claiborne, 1884-1961. person
associatedWith Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965. person
associatedWith Phillips, Harlan B., person
associatedWith Pollock, James K. (James Kerr), 1898-1968. person
associatedWith Poole, DeWitt Clinton, 1885-1952. person
associatedWith Powell, Thomas Reed, 1880-1955. person
associatedWith Prettyman, E. Barrett (Elijah Barrett), 1925- person
associatedWith Prudential Insurance Company of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Reed, Stanley Forman, 1884-1980 person
associatedWith Robinson, Elmer E., 1894-1982, person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. person
correspondedWith Rutledge, Wiley, 1894-1949. person
correspondedWith Rutledge, Wiley Blount person
correspondedWith Sears, Charles B. (Charles Brown), 1870-1950 person
associatedWith Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. person
correspondedWith Storey, Robert G. (Robert Gerald), 1893-1981 person
associatedWith Sun Company. Office of the president, corporateBody
correspondedWith Swope, Herbert Bayard, 1882-1958 person
correspondedWith Taylor, Telford person
correspondedWith Taylor, Telford person
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Internal Revenue. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Department of Justice. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Department of Justice. Antitrust Division. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Department of Justice. Tax Division. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Justice. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Justice. Antitrust Division. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Justice. Tax Division. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of the Treasury. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Securities and Exchange Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Selective Service System. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Solicitor General. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
correspondedWith Warren, Earl, 1891-1974. person
correspondedWith Wickser, Philip J. (Philip John), 1887-1949 person
associatedWith Wilson, Neill Compton, 1889- person
correspondedWith Wright, John H., 1867-1951 person
associatedWith Wyatt, Walter, 1893-1978. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Tennessee
United States
Secret service
New York (State)
United States
New York (State)--Jamestown
Subject
Public utilities--Law and legislation
Nuremberg War Crime Trials, Nuremberg, Germany, 1946-1949
School integration--United States
Aluminum industry and trade--Law and legislation
Lawyers--Interviews
Naturalization--United States
Wealth--United States
Dairy laws--United States
Surplus military property--United States
Social security--Law and legislation
Petroleum products--Prices
Emigration and immigration--Law and legislation
Fuel trade--Law and legislation--United States
Jehovah's Witnesses--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
Price maintenance--United States
Steel industry and trade--Law and legislation--United States
Embargo--United States
Segregation in education
Constitutional law
Naturalization
Dairy laws
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects
Income tax
Railroads--Law and legislation--New York (State)
Income tax--United States
Steel industry and trade--Law and legislation
Public utilities--Law and legislation--United States
Automobile industry and trade--Finance
Price maintenance
Social security--Law and legislation--United States
World War, 1939-1945--United States
Neutrality
Taxation--United States--States
Practice of law--New York (State)--Jamestown
Aluminum industry and trade--Law and legislation--United States
Aircraft industry--Law and legislation
Judges--Interviews
Petroleum products--Prices--United States
Japanese Americans--Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945
Embargo
School integration
Motion picture industry--Law and legislation--United States
Bar associations
Government aid to private schools--United States
Surplus military property
Public utilities--Law and legislation--New York (State)
Typhoid Fever
Treason--United States
World War, 1939-1945
Aircraft industry--Law and legislation--United States
Law--United States
Government aid to private schools
Textile industry--Law and legislation--New York (State)
Practice of law
Constitutional law--United States
World War, 1939-1945--Economic aspects--United States
Typhoid fever--New York (State)
Jehovah's Witnesses--Legal status, laws, etc
World War, 1939-1945--Secret service
Wealth
Motion picture industry--Law and legislation
Segregation in education--United States
Automobile industry and trade--Finance--United States
Neutrality--United States
Treason
New Deal, 1933-1939
Law
Textile industry--Law and legislation
Fuel trade--Law and legislation
Emigration and immigration--Law and legislation--United States
Taxation--State
Railroads--Law and legislation
Occupation
Cabinet officers
Lawyers
Jurists
Public officials
Function

Person

Birth 1892-02-13

Death 1954-10-09

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6t731jd

SNAC ID: 18126530