Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902

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Samuel Butler was an English novelist, essayist, and critic. He was educated at St. John's College, Cambridge, and after a time in New Zealand as a sheep farmer, returned to England in 1864 where he established himself as both a painter and a writer. His satire Erewhon (1872) foreshadowed the collapse of the Victorian illusion of progress. His autobiographical novel, The way of all flesh (1903), is generally considered his masterpiece and is a story about Butler's escape from the suffocating moral atmosphere of his homelife. He had an avid interest in Darwinism after reading Darwin's Origin of species (1859), contributing books and articles on the subject. Besides his novels, he also wrote art criticism, satirical poetry, science, philosophy, and music.

From the description of Samuel Butler letters, galley proof and fragments, 1887-1900. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 60677980

English satirist.

From the description of Letter to "Dear May" [manuscript], 1877 September 28. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647808404

From the description of Letter, Clifford's Inn, London, to "Dear May", 1877 Sept. 28. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32959686

English novelist and essayist.

From the description of Samuel Butler collection of letters, 1880-1896. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 122370360

English novelist and philosopher.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Clifford's Inn [London], to [Oliver Madox] Brown, 1873 June 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270131513

Samuel Butler was born in Nottinghamshire, England. In January, 1846, he went to school at Allesley, near Coventry and in 1848, at the age of twelve, he was sent to Shrewsbury School. He left in 1854 for Cambridge after which he travelled to New Zealand where he succeeded as a sheep breeder. He returned to England and wrote several novels. He died in 1902.

From the description of Autograph letter, signed, from Samuel Butler to Mrs. Fuller Maitland, March 7, 1893. (Florida State University). WorldCat record id: 50656100

Author.

From the description of Shakespeare's sonnets reconsidered : holograph manuscript, circa 1899. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131915

English author.

From the description of A lecture on the genesis of feeling, delivered at the City of London College, Dec. 15, 1887 : typewritten manuscript with autograph corrections signed : London, 1887. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270132595

English-born author of "The Way of All Flesh" and many other works.

Amusing literary satirist.

From the description of Samuel Butler ALS autograph letter (signed). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 37473300

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Samuel Butler collection of letters, 1880-1896. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Alfred Russel Wallace Collection, 1867-1913 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Alison, Archibald, 1757-1839. Papers pertaining to Charles Darwin and evolution [manuscript], 1771-1921. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. A lecture on the genesis of feeling, delivered at the City of London College, Dec. 15, 1887 : typewritten manuscript with autograph corrections signed : London, 1887. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Shakespeare's sonnets reconsidered : holograph manuscript, circa 1899. Library of Congress
referencedIn Stanford University Press archival book copies, 1900-2012 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Samuel Butler: Unconcious Memory, 1880 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn A. P. Watt & Son, 1883-1917. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Postcard to Messrs. Metcalfe & Co. Ltd. [manuscript], 1900 July 19. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Autograph letter signed : London, to Mr. Courtney, 1890 May 2. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Upware Republic Society: Visitors' Book, 1851-1856 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
referencedIn Autograph File, B, ca.1500-1976. Houghton Library
creatorOf Alison, Archibald, 1757-1839,. Papers pertaining to Charles Darwin and evolution, 1771-1821. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Autograph letter, signed, from Samuel Butler to Mrs. Fuller Maitland, March 7, 1893. Florida State University
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Letter to "Dear May" [manuscript], 1877 September 28. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Samuel Butler letters, galley proof and fragments, 1887-1900. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn A.P. Watt (Firm). A.P. Watt & Son correspondence, 1883-1917. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Autograph letter signed : London, to Mr. Danvers, 1893 Dec. 22. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Jones, Henry Festing, 1851-1928,. Autograph letter signed from Henry Festing Jones to Stewart D. Headlam [manuscript], 1919. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Autograph letter, signed, from Samuel Butler to Mrs. Fuller Maitland, March 7, 1893, March 7, 1893
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Samuel Butler ALS autograph letter (signed). University of Texas at El Paso
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Autograph letter signed : Clifford's Inn [London], to [Oliver Madox] Brown, 1873 June 11. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Albert Stephens Borgman autograph collection, 1600-1950. Houghton Library
referencedIn Darwin, Francis, Sir, 1848-1925. Fragment of a letter to an unknown correspondent : Cambridge, England : ALS, 1910 Dec. 2. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Papers of Robert Graves: Works by others: pamphlets, offprints and other materials, 1824 to 2006 St John's College, Oxford
referencedIn Joseph Halle Schaffner autograph collection, 1683-1948. Houghton Library
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Henrietta Farr, 1878 May 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Butler, Samuel, 1835-1902. Letter, Clifford's Inn, London, to "Dear May", 1877 Sept. 28. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith A.P. Watt (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Borgman, Albert Stephens, 1890-1954 person
associatedWith Brown, Oliver Madox, 1855-1874, person
associatedWith Butler, Mary. person
associatedWith Butler, Mary, 1841-1916, person
associatedWith Butler, Samuel person
associatedWith Carolino, Pedro. person
associatedWith Courtney, Mr, person
associatedWith Danvers, Mr, person
associatedWith Darwin, Francis, Sir, 1848-1925. person
associatedWith Farr, Henrietta, person
associatedWith Foot, Isaac, 1880-1960. person
associatedWith Gillson, H. T. person
associatedWith Graves, Robert Ranke, 1895-1985 person
associatedWith Jones, Henry Festing, 1851-1928, person
associatedWith Melhado, Frederick, person
associatedWith Metcalfe & Co. (Cambridge, England), corporateBody
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Schaffner, Joseph Halle, 1897-1972 person
associatedWith Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616. person
correspondedWith Stanford University. Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Upware Republic Society corporateBody
associatedWith Von Bülow, Claus, 1926- person
associatedWith Wallace, Alfred Russel, 1823-1913 person
associatedWith William Metcalfe & Co., corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
England
Subject
Novelists, English--19th century--Correspondence
Authors
Authors, English--19th century
Errors and blunders, Literary
Literature
Critics--Correspondence
Word portraits
Occupation
Authors
Function

Person

Birth 1835-12-04

Death 1902-06-18

Britons

English

Information

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