Goldberg, Arthur J.

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Arthur Joseph Goldberg was born August 8, 1908, in Chicago, Illinois, the youngest of eight children of Russian immigrants. His father, a produce peddler, died in 1916, forcing his siblings to quit school and go to work to support the family. As the youngest child, he was allowed to continue school, graduating from high school at age 16. He received a Bachelor of Science in Law from Northwestern, magna cum laude, at age 19 in 1929. He became the editor-in-chief of the ¿Illinois Law Review,¿ the Northwestern University law journal. He applied for admission in October, 1929, into the Illinois Bar Association (IBA). Disinclined to accept so young an applicant, the IBA admitted him only after a successful litigation of the issue. In 1930, Northwestern awarded him the JSD (Juris Scientiae Doctor) degree. In 1931, he married Dorothy Kurgans (August 1, 1908-February 13, 1988). Goldberg became a prominent labor lawyer, representing striking Chicago newspaper workers on behalf of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in 1938. He served in the Office of Strategic Services during World War II as an Army officer and as a contact with the European underground labor movement. He was appointed general counsel to the CIO in 1948, Goldberg served as a negotiator and chief legal advisor in the merger of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and CIO in 1955. He played a key role in AFL-CIO policies aimed at ending corrupt union practices among affiliates. President Kennedy appointed Goldberg Secretary of Labor and he served from January 21, 1961 to September 20, 1962. While Secretary, he set up the President''s Commission on the Status of Women and built support for raising the federal minimum wage, extending fair labor standards to additional groups of workers and increasing unemployment and Social Security benefits. During the infamous 1962 steel crisis, Goldberg, backed by President Kennedy and the Justice Department, convinced steel executives to rescind their announced price increase because it violated the noninflationary contract they had just negotiated with the Steelworkers. President Kennedy appointed him an associate justice of the Supreme Court replacing Felix Frankfurter. He served from October 1, 1962 to July 25, 1965. Perhaps his most influential move on the Court involved the death penalty. He argued in a 1963 internal Supreme Court memorandum that imposition of the death penalty was condemned by the international community and should be regarded as "cruel and unusual punishment," in contravention of the Eighth Amendment. He was the first to argue this position: prior to his memo, no Supreme Court case had addressed the question of whether the death penalty violated the Eighth Amendment. Finding support in this position from only one other justice William J. Brennan, Goldberg published an opinion dissenting from the Court''s denial of certiorari in a case, Rudolph v. Alabama, involving the imposition of the death penalty for rape, in which Goldberg cited the fact that only 5 nations responded indicated on a United Nations survey that they allowed imposition of the death penalty for rape, including the U.S., and that 33 states in the U.S. have outlawed the practice. His dissent sent a signal to lawyers across the nation to challenge the constitutionality of capital punishment in appeals. As a result of the influx of appeals, the death penalty effectively ceased to exist in the United States for the remainder of the 1960s and 1970s. In 1965, Goldberg was persuaded by President Johnson to resign his seat on the court to replace the late Adlai Stevenson as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations. In that post, he clashed with Johnson over the course of the Vietnam War. He resigned from the ambassadorship in 1968. In 1970, he ran unsuccessfully for Governor of New York, defeated by incumbent Nelson Rockefeller. Subsequently, he returned to law practice in Washington, D.C., and served as President of the American Jewish Committee. Under President Jimmy Carter, he served as United States Ambassador to the Belgrade Conference on Human Rights in 1977, and was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1978. He died on January 18, 1990, of a heart attack, and was buried in Section 21 of Arlington National Cemetery.

From the description of Goldberg, Arthur J. (Arthur Joseph), 1908-1990 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10679523

Biographical Note

  • 1908, Aug. 8: Born, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1924 - 1926 : Attended Crane Junior College (City Colleges of Chicago), and DePaul University, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1929: Bachelor of Science in Law, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1930: Doctor of Jurisprudence, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1930 - 1933 : Practiced law, firm of Pritzker and Pritzker, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1931: Married Dorothy Kurgans (died 1988)
  • 1933 - 1948 : Private law practice in Chicago; specialized in labor law
  • 1938: Defended the Chicago Newspaper Guild during strike against the Hearst Corp.
  • 1942 - 1944 : Special assistant and chief of the Labor Division, Office of Strategic Services
  • 1945 - 1961 : Senior partner, Goldberg, Devoe, Shador and Mikva, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1948 - 1955 : General counsel, Congress of Industrial Organizations
  • 1948 - 1961 : General counsel, United Steelworkers of America
  • 1952 - 1961 : Senior partner, Goldberg, Feller and Bredhoff, Washington, D.C.
  • 1955: Involved in the merger of the Congress of Industrial Organizations and the American Federation of Labor to form the AFL-CIO
  • 1955 - 1961 : Special counsel, AFL-CIO
  • 1961 - 1962 : Secretary of labor
  • 1962 - 1965 : Associate justice, United States Supreme Court
  • 1965 - 1968 : Permanent representative of the United States to the United Nations with rank of ambassador
  • 1968 - 1971 : Senior partner, Paul, Weiss, Goldberg, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison, New York, N.Y.
  • 1970: Unsuccessful campaign for governor of New York
  • 1971 - 1990 : Returned to Washington, D.C., to practice law, write, and teach
  • 1977: Appointed ambassador-at-large
  • 1977 - 1978 : Chairman, United States delegation to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, Belgrade, Yugoslavia
  • 1990, Jan. 19: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Arthur J. Goldberg Papers, 1793-1990, (bulk 1941-1985), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Arthur Joseph Goldberg was born on August 8, 1908, on the West Side of Chicago. He was the youngest of eight children born to Russian immigrant parents, Joseph and Rebecca Perlstein Goldberg. Goldberg's father was a peddler, delivering produce by horse-drawn wagon until his death in 1916. After his death, the older children were forced to quit school and go to work to support the family. As the youngest, Arthur Goldberg was able to continue his education. By the age of twelve, he was working at odd jobs, such as wrapping fish, selling shoes, and - his favorite -selling coffee to Cub fans at Wrigley Field during the prohibition years. By the time of his graduation from Benjamin Harrison Public High School at age sixteen, Goldberg had detennined to study law. His interest in legal matters was prompted by the well-publicized 1923 murder trial of Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb.

Goldberg accepted a scholarship to Chicago's Crane Junior College and also enrolled in classes at DePaul University. In 1926, he began his study of law at the Northwestern University School of Law, where he achieved a distinguished scholastic reputation. John Henry Wigmore, dean of the Northwestern School of Law, selected Goldberg to assist in the preparation of the third edition of his celebrated Treatise on Evidence . Goldberg also became the editor-in-chief ofthe Illinois Law Review, the Northwestern University law journal. He received a Bachelor of Science in Law from Northwestern, magna cum laude, at age 19 in 1929. Goldberg applied for admission in October, 1929, into the Illinois Bar Association. Disinclined to accept so young an applicant, the IBA admitted Goldberg only after a successful litigation of the issue. In 1930, Northwestern awarded him the JSD (Juris Scientiae Doctor) degree.

On July 18, 1931, Goldberg married Dorothy Kurgans, an art student at Northwestern University. They had two children: Barbara in 1936, and Robert in 1941. Goldberg began his legal career in 1929 as an associate in the firm of Kamfner, Horowitz, Halligan, and Daniels. Prior to joining the firm as an associate, Goldberg was employed as a clerk to that firm. In 1931, he joined Pritzker and Pritzker. As he saw the Great Depression taking its toll on the working American, Goldberg's interest in labor law increased. He left Pritzker and Pritzker in 1933 and opened his own law practice under the name of Arthur 1. Goldberg. In 1938, on behalf of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), Goldberg represented the Chicago newspaper employees striking for higher wages and better working conditions. During World War II, Goldberg served from Captain to Major in the United States Army. From 1945-1947, Goldberg was a partner of Goldberg and Devoe. Then in 1947, he became senior partner of Goldberg, Devoe, Shadur, & Mikva in Chicago. In 1948, Goldberg was appointed general counsel for the CIO and the United Steelworkers of America. He participated in and was a legal advisor on the merger of American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the CIO in 1955.

Goldberg was senior partner of Goldberg, Feller & Bredhoffin Washington from 1952 to 1961. He was active in the Civil Liberties Committee and served as a public director of Chicago's Amalgamated Labor Bank. He was briefly a member of the National Lawyers Guild.

By this time, Goldberg had established a name for himself in the Democratic Party and was becoming an important figure in national politics. It was no surprise when President John F. Kennedy appointed him to be Secretary of Labor in 1961. Then, just twenty months later, after Felix Frankfurter resigned from the Supreme Court due to poor health, Kennedy nominated Goldberg to fill the empty seat. Such an appointment had been a dream of Goldberg's since law school, and he was deeply honored when the Senate confirmed his nomination. Goldberg took his place on the bench in September 1962.

Goldberg joined the Court just as the Civil Rights movement was beginning to shake America, and many of the decisions made by the Court were related to this issue. Among the noteworthy cases argued before the Court during Goldberg's tenure were Escobedo v. Illinois (1964), Gibson v. Florida Legislative Investigation Committee (1963), and Zemel v. Rusk (1965).

Three years after Goldberg took his seat on the Supreme Court, President Lyndon Johnson asked him to step down and accept an appointment as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations. At first, Goldberg declined the offer, but after much prodding by Johnson, he finally accepted. Goldberg's change of mind was prompted by his sense of duty to the country during the war in Vietnam. He said, “I thought I could persuade Johnson that we were fighting the wrong war in the wrong place, [and] to get out. … I would have love to have stayed on the Court, but my sense of priorities was [that] this war would be disastrous” (Stebenne, 348). On July 26, 1965, Goldberg assumed the responsibilities of Ambassador to the UN.

The ambassadorship proved frustrating for Goldberg, involving many confrontations with Johnson concerning the war in Vietnam. Goldberg came to believe that he could affect American foreign policy better as a private citizen than through a governmental position, and on April 23, 1968, he resigned from the ambassadorship. He returned to the practice of law in New York City from 1968-71 with the firm of Paul, Weiss, Goldberg, Ritkind, Wharton, & Garrison.

In 1970, he ran for Governor of New York against the incumbent Nelson Rockefeller. Rockefeller won re-election by a sizeable margin, about 700,000 votes out of3.5 million cast. After his humbling loss, Goldberg eventually returned to his farm in Marshall, Virginia, and to the private practice of law in Washington, DC.

In 1977, President Jimmy Carter called upon Goldberg's abilities as a diplomat and negotiator and appointed him United States Ambassador to the Belgrade Conference on Human Rights. For his distinguished service to the nation, Goldberg received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1978.

Goldberg wrote three books: AFL-CIO: Labor United (1956), Defenses of Freedom (1966), and Equal Justice: The Warren Era of the Supreme Court (1972). He also wrote numerous articles concerning legal matters, foreign affairs, and diplomacy. He received several awards and honors from a variety of organizations and institutions including his alma mater, Northwestern University. Goldberg also participated in many different advisory committees, community groups, and legal organizations such as the American Bar Association, the American Jewish Committee, the Illinois State Bar Association, the Jewish Center for the United Nations, and the International Judicial Conference.

Goldberg died of a heart attack on January 19, 1990. This was his second heart attack since the death of his wife in 1988. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery next to his wife and near his friend, Chief Justice Earl Warren.

Note: This biography is based largely on David L. Stebenne, Arthur J. Goldberg (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996).

From the guide to the Arthur J. Goldberg (1908-1990) Records, ca. 1961-1978, (Northwestern University Pritzker Legal Research Center)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers, 1921-2000 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Records of the Army Staff. 1903 - 2009. Photographs of U.S. and Foreign Military Personnel, Defense Department and Other Government Officials, Royalty, and Heads of State United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn William J. Brennan Papers, 1945-1998, (bulk 1956-1990) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Julius Bisno Collection, undated, 1780, 1801-1980 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Harry Shulman papers, 1922-1955 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1993 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 7/26/78
referencedIn Daniel P. Moynihan Papers, 1765-2003, (bulk 1955-2000) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1871-1972 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Eby, Kermit. Papers, 1933-1963 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Oct. 12)
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Labor. 1907 - 2001. Motion Picture Films. 1940 - 1969. PARTNERS FOR NATIONAL SECURITY
creatorOf Records of the Peace Corps. 1961 - 2000. Moving Images Relating to International Volunteer Activities. 1982 - 1995. Prospects of Mankind
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (June 5)
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Dec. 17)
referencedIn Tamiment/Wagner Moving Images Collection, Bulk, 1950-1969, 1920-1967, (Bulk 1950-1969) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Papers, 1884-1998 (inclusive), 1929-1988 (bulk) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Sept. 23)
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Labor. 1907 - 2001. Motion Picture Films. 1940 - 1969. PEOPLE ON PARADE WITH SECRETARY OF LABOR ARTHUR GOLDBERG
referencedIn Ira Berkow, papers, undated, 1960-2011 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Nathaniel Alexander Owings Papers, 1911-1983, (bulk 1960-1980) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Elmer Gertz Papers, 1789-1997, (bulk 1926-1988) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Arthur Goldberg Papers. 1960 - 1962. Scrapbooks
referencedIn Irving Brant Papers, 1910-1977, (bulk 1938-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Sept. 25)
referencedIn Shulman, Harry, 1903-1955. Harry Shulman papers, 1922-1955 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Labor. 1907 - 2001. Motion Picture Films. 1940 - 1969. WASHINGTON CONVERSATION WITH SECRETARY OF LABOR ARTHUR J. GOLDBERG
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. NEWS OF THE DAY
referencedIn Victor Riesel Papers, Bulk, 1940-1980, 1929-1994 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Jan. 12)
referencedIn Boris Souvarine papers, 1915-1984 (inclusive), 1940-1984 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Max Lerner papers, 1927-1998 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Labor. 1907 - 2001. Motion Picture Films. 1940 - 1969. THE AWESOME SERVANT
referencedIn Victor Riesel Papers, Bulk, 1940-1980, 1929-1994, (Bulk 1940-1980) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf Arthur J. Goldberg Papers, 1793-1990, (bulk 1941-1985) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1916-1972 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Papers, 1906-1970 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Arthur Goldberg Papers. 1960 - 1962. Photograph Albums
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 38
creatorOf Brown, Edward Fullerton, 1891-. Edward F. Brown papers, 1915-1962. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Ad Hoc Committee on the Human Rights and Genocide Treaties Records, Bulk, 1960-1979, 1943-1984 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Andreĭ Sakharov papers, 1852-2002 (inclusive), 1960-1990 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn William Haber Papers, 1918-1988 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Jan. 30)
referencedIn Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. Max Lerner papers, 1927-1992 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Feb. 6)
referencedIn Papers, 1920-1965 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1993 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Arthur J. Goldberg (1908-1990) Records, ca. 1961-1978 Northwestern University Pritzker Legal Research Center
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (July 28)
referencedIn General Records of the Department of State. 1763 - 2002. Moving Images Relating to U.S. Foreign Policy and Foreign Relations. 1911 - 1972. The world at the U.N. Plaza
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 5/17/78
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (June 19)
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (July 25)
referencedIn Earl Warren Papers, 1864-1974, (bulk 1953-1974) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 103
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (Sept. 12)
referencedIn Max M. Kampelman papers, 1935-1999. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Hearst Metrotone News, Inc., Collection. 1937 - 1942. News of the Day Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1963 - 12/1967. News of the Day (May 25)
referencedIn ILGWU. Gus Tyler papers, 1952-1980 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Arthur F. Burns Handwritten Journals. 1/20/1969 - 7/25/1974. Handwritten Journals. 1/20/1969 - 7/25/1974. Journal II - Blue Notebook (1)-(4)
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
Arthur Goldberg Papers
referencedIn Thurgood Marshall Papers, 1949-1991, (bulk 1961-1991) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1930-1968 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, June 25, 1967
referencedIn Erik H. and Joan M. Erikson papers, 1925-1985 (inclusive) 1960-1980 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 45, No. 49
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, March 31, 1968
creatorOf Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. John F. Kennedy Assassination Related Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 3/28/1967. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, K Series, Arthur Goldberg, 9:06P
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Labor. 1907 - 2001. Motion Picture Films. 1940 - 1969. WASHINGTON CONVERSATION WITH SECRETARY OF LABOR ARTHUR J. GOLDBERG
referencedIn Records of the U.S. Information Agency. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to U.S. Domestic and International Activities . 1982 - 1999. Robert F. Kennedy Funeral
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Labor. 1907 - 2001. Motion Picture Films. 1940 - 1969. THE TODAY SHOW: U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, 1913-1963; FIFTY YEARS OF PROGRESS
referencedIn https://catalog.archives.gov/search?q=ellen%20ochoa United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn New York Times Company records. A.M. Rosenthal papers, 1955-1994, 1967-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn United States. Board of Inquiry on the 1959 Labor Dispute in the Steel Industry. Documents, 1959-1960. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Records of Temporary Committees, Commissions, and Boards. 1893 - 2008. Administrative Records
referencedIn Fox Movietone News Collection. 1957 - 1963. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 1957 - 1963. Movietone News, Vol. 44, No. 18
creatorOf Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. John F. Kennedy Assassination Related Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 3/28/1967. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, K Series, Arthur Goldberg, 6:37P
referencedIn Martin Friedman Papers, Bulk, 1937-1938, 1931-1966, (Bulk 1937-1938) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 11/18/77
referencedIn Papers, 1916-1976 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Heirich, Max. Max Heirich papers relating to the Free Speech Movement, 1964-1971. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn General Records of the Department of Labor. 1907 - 2001. Motion Picture Films. 1940 - 1969. THE NATION'S FUTURE
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 10/23/80
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 7/26/78
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1921 - 2008. Motion Picture Films. 1961 - 1990. KENNEDY INAUGURATION 1961
creatorOf Arthur Goldberg Papers. 1960 - 1962. Speeches
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Ad Hoc Committee on the Human Rights and Genocide Treaties. corporateBody
associatedWith AFL-CIO. corporateBody
correspondedWith Bacon, Emery person
correspondedWith Bazelon, David L. person
correspondedWith Beichman, Arnold person
correspondedWith Benton, William, 1900-1973 person
associatedWith Berger, Raoul, 1901- person
associatedWith Berkow, Ira person
associatedWith Bisno, Julius, 1911- person
correspondedWith Black, Hugo LaFayette, 1886-1971 person
correspondedWith Brant, Irving, 1885-1976 person
correspondedWith Brennan, William J. (William Joseph), 1906-1997 person
correspondedWith Breyer, Stephen G., 1938- person
associatedWith Brown, Edward Fullerton, 1891- person
associatedWith Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe (1977-1978 : Belgrade, Yugoslavia) corporateBody
correspondedWith Dershowitz, Alan M. person
correspondedWith Donovan, William J. (William Joseph), 1883-1959 person
correspondedWith Douglas, William O. (William Orville), 1898-1980 person
associatedWith Eby, Kermit person
associatedWith Ehrmann, Herbert B. (Herbert Brutus), b. 1891 person
correspondedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 person
correspondedWith Erikson, Erik H. (Erik Homburger), 1902-1994 person
associatedWith ESTHER (EGGERTSEN) PETERSON, 1906-1997 person
correspondedWith Feller, David E. person
associatedWith Flood, Curt, 1938- person
correspondedWith Fortas, Abe person
associatedWith FREDA KIRCHWEY, 1893-1976 person
associatedWith Friedman, Martin, 1914-1966 person
correspondedWith Gardner, Richard N. person
correspondedWith Gertz, Elmer, 1906-2000 person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
associatedWith Goldberg, Dorothy Kurgans. Dorothy Kurgans Goldberg papers. person
associatedWith Haber, William, 1899-1988 person
associatedWith Hastie, William. person
associatedWith Heirich, Max. person
correspondedWith Hilton, Conrad N. (Conrad Nicholson), 1887-1979 person
correspondedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 person
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President corporateBody
correspondedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973 person
correspondedWith Kaiser, Edgar F. person
associatedWith Kaiser Industries Corporation. corporateBody
correspondedWith Kampelman, Max M., 1920-2013 person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
correspondedWith Kirchwey, Freda person
correspondedWith Klutznick, Philip M., 1907- person
correspondedWith Landis, Benjamin L. person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. person
correspondedWith MacDonald, David J. (David John) person
associatedWith Magruder, Calvert, 1893-1968 person
correspondedWith Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993 person
correspondedWith McCain, John S. (John Sidney), 1911-1981 person
correspondedWith Meir, Golda, 1898-1978 person
correspondedWith Meyer, Agnes Elizabeth Ernst, 1887-1970 person
correspondedWith Mikva, Abner J. person
correspondedWith Minow, Newton N., 1926- person
correspondedWith Morse, David A. (David Abner), 1907- person
correspondedWith Moynihan, Daniel P. (Daniel Patrick), 1927-2003 person
associatedWith National School Volunteer Program. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
associatedWith Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.). School of Law corporateBody
correspondedWith Owings, Nathaniel Alexander, 1903- person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
correspondedWith Rabin, Yitzhak, 1922-1995 person
correspondedWith Reuther, Walter, 1907-1970 person
associatedWith Riesel, Victor. person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, James, 1907- person
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
correspondedWith Sakharov, Andreĭ, 1921-1989 person
correspondedWith Shaplen, Robert, 1917- person
associatedWith Shulman, Harry, 1903-1955. person
correspondedWith Sobeloff, Simon Ernest, 1894-1973 person
correspondedWith Souvarine, Boris. person
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
associatedWith United Nations corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Board of Inquiry on the 1959 Labor Dispute in the Steel Industry. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Department of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Strategic Services. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President's Task Force on International Education. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
associatedWith United Steelworkers of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Warren, Earl, 1891-1974 person
correspondedWith Weinstein, Jacob Joseph, 1902- person
correspondedWith Wiesenthal, Simon person
correspondedWith Wright, J. Skelly person
associatedWith Wyzanski, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1906- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pakistan
United States
Israel
India
South Africa
Chicago (Ill.)
Middle East
Korea (North)
New York (State)
Subject
Cabinet officers' spouses--United States
American newspapers--Colorado--Denver
Labor laws and legislation--United States
Practice of law--New York (State)--New York
World War, 1939-1945--Military intelligence
Baseball players
Public schools--Washington (D.C.)
Iron and steel workers--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States
Jews--United States
Strikes and lockouts--Shipbuilding industry--United States
Arts
Nuclear nonproliferation
Ambassadors--United States
International relations
Pueblo Incident, 1968
Women--United States
Constitutional law
Volunteer workers in education
Free agents (sports)
Labor unions--Illinois--Chicago
Ambassadors' spouses--United States
Practice of law--Washington (D.C.)
Cabinet officers--United States
Strikes and lockouts--Steel industry--United States
Social responsibility of business--United States
Judges--United States
Governors--New York (State)--Election--History--20th century
Voluntarism
Occupation
Jurists
Lawyers
Cabinet officers
Diplomats
Function

Person

Birth 1908-08-08

Death 1990-01-19

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zp4g15

Ark ID: w6zp4g15

SNAC ID: 58723971