Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955

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Charles Pelot Summerall (b. Mar. 4, 1867, Blount's Ferry, Fla.-d. May 14, 1955, Washington, D.C.), U.S. Army officer, graduated from West Point in 1892. Early in his career he fought in the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, and the attack on Peking during the China Relief Expedition. He served on the front line in France during World War I as commander of the 1st Division and, later, commander of the 5th Corps. In 1926 he became chief of staff of the U.S. Army, and in 1930 retired from the Army. Beginning in 1931 he served as president of the Citadel for twenty-two years.

From the description of Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10574120

Army officer and college president.

From the description of Papers of Charles Pelot Summerall, 1892-1940 (bulk 1917-1919). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79449588

Biographical Note

  • 1867, Mar. 4: Born, near Lake City, Fla.
  • 1892: Graduated, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1899 - 1900 : Served in Philippine campaign
  • 1900 - 1901 : Served in Relief Expedition, Boxer Rebellion, China
  • 1902 - 1905 : On duty, Alaska; Chickamauga Park, Ga; and Fort Myer, Va.
  • 1905 - 1911 : Teacher of artillery tactics, United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1917: Promoted to brigadier general; member of Military Mission to British and French Armies
  • 1917 - 1918 : Field commander, First Division, Fifth Army Corps, and other units, American Expeditionary Force, France
  • 1918: Promoted to major general
  • 1918 - 1919 : Member, Allied Mission of Generals to Negotiate the Fiume Dispute; attached to American Commission to Negotiate Peace
  • 1921 - 1924 : Commander, Hawaiian Department of the Army
  • 1926 - 1930 : United States Army chief of staff
  • 1929: Promoted to general
  • 1931: Retired from army
  • 1931 - 1953 : President, the Citadel, Charleston, S.C.
  • 1955, May 14: Died, Washington, D.C

From the guide to the Charles Pelot Summerall Papers, 1880-1955, (bulk 1917-1919), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. GEN. MACARTHUR AS CHIEF OF STAFF OF THE U. S. ARMY General Douglas MacArthur as Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. OYSTER BAY, NEW YORK - MARCH 11, 1928
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. EASTER SUNRISE SERVICE AT WALTER REED GENERAL HOSPITAL, WASHINGTON, D.C., APRIL 8, 1928
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. YOUNG AMERICA PREFERRED
referencedIn Shaw, Gertrude McLaurin. Gertrude McLaurin Shaw collection, 1926-1972. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. DEFENSE DAY TEST, JULY 4, 1925, NEW YORK CITY
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. CITIZENS' MILITARY TRAINING CAMP ACTIVITIES, FORT HOWARD, MARYLAND, 1927
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. PRESIDENT HERBERT HOOVER
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE. SEPTEMBER 26 TO NOVEMBER 11, 1918, 1ST DIVISION
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. A SOLDIER'S DAILY DOZEN
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. OCCUPATION OF LUCEY SECTOR (LORRAINE), SEPT. 6 - 11, 1918, FIRST DIVISION
referencedIn Records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel. 1798 - 2007. Moving Images Relating to Naval Activities. 1942 - 1947. THE MAKING OF A SAILOR
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. OCCUPATION OF THE ANSAUVILLE SECTOR (LORRAINE), JAN. 15-APRIL 3, 1918, FIRST DIVISION
referencedIn Hines, John Leonard, 1868-1968. Papers of John Leonard Hines, 1881-1944. Library of Congress
referencedIn O'Laughlin, John Callan, 1873-1949. Papers of John Callan O'Laughlin, 1895-1949. Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. POST ARMISTICE TRAINING, 5TH ARMY CORPS [1919]
creatorOf France. Armée. Armée, 8e. Etat-Major. Bureau, 2e. Front de Lorraine / VIIIe Armée, Etat Major, 2e Bureau. Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. PERSHING'S FAREWELL TO FRANCE
creatorOf Charles Pelot Summerall Papers, 1880-1955, (bulk 1917-1919) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn John Archer Lejeune Papers, 1815-1950, (bulk 1900-1942) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. [Geological map of Château-Thierry region]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. THE 89TH DIVISION [WORLD WAR I]
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. ANNUAL MATCHES OF THE NATIONAL RIFLE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. MILITARY TRANSPORTATION PAGEANT AND EXPOSITION AT HOLA-BIRD Q.M. DEPOT, BALTIMORE, MARYLAND, JUNE 12, 13 AND 14, 1929
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. FIRST DIVISION CIRCUS AT CHICAGO
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. THE FIRST DIVISION REUNION. . . .1920
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. THE ST. MIHIEL OFFENSIVE, SEPT. 10-25, 1918, 1ST DIVISION
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. THE 29TH DIVISION [WORLD WAR I]
referencedIn Lejeune, John Archer, 1867-1942. John Archer Lejeune papers, 1815-1950 (bulk 1900-1942). Library of Congress
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. Situation map, IV Army Corps, Dec. 20/18 : [Rhineland-Palatinate]. Library of Congress
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. Map to "Springer" maps, scale 1:50,000. Library of Congress
referencedIn Parker, Frank, 1872-1947. Frank Parker papers, 1890-1946. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Mitchell, William, 1879-1936. Plans and recommendations submitted to the Morrow Commission of Inquiry. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. AVIATION, HISTORICAL SINCE 1919
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. Location of headquarters of units in 26th, 29th & 82nd Divs. (5th Corps) : [northeastern France]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. PRESIDENT CALVIN COOLIDGE
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. GENERAL CHARLES P. SUMMERALL, CHIEF OF STAFF, 1926-1930
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. Correspondence to Paul Philippe Cret, 1938. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. Letter, 1917 Aug. 20, [to] [George Hunter McMaster]. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
creatorOf Parker, Frank, 1872-1947. Frank Parker papers, 1918-1947. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Salley, A. S. (Alexander Samuel), 1871-1961. A.S. Salley papers, 1849-1963. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
creatorOf Walter, Lewis Allwhyn, 1868-1951. Lewis A. Walter sketches and letter, 1920. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Wells, Briant Harris, 1871-1949. The Briant Harris Wells papers, 1898-1955, bulk 1898-1935. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn John Callan O'Laughlin Papers, 1895-1949 Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. POST ARMISTICE TRAINING, 1ST ARMY [1919]
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. Papers of Charles Pelot Summerall, 1892-1940 (bulk 1917-1919). Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. OCCUPATION OF CANTIGNY SECTOR (PICARDY), JUNE 14 - JULY 3, 1918, FIRST DIVISION
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. POST ARMISTICE TRAINING, 82ND DIVISION [1918-1919]
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. Map of water supply : [Charleville-Mézières region]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. AVIATION, HISTORICAL, SINCE 1919
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. Campine Basin. Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE, SEPTEMBER 26 TO NOYEMBER 11, 1918, CORPS AND ARMY HEADQUARTERS
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. POST ARMISTICE TRAINING, MISCELLANEOUS UNITS (9TH CORPS---30TH AND 85TH DIVISIONS)
referencedIn W. Cameron (William Cameron) Forbes papers, 1900-1946. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn George S. Patton Papers, 1807-1979, (bulk 1904-1945) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. POST ARMISTICE TRAINING, 26TH DIVISION [1919]
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. DECORATION CEREMONIES AT AMERICAN G.H.Q., 1918-1919
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Historical Films. 1914 - 1936. MEUSE-ARGONNE OFFENSIVE, SEPTEMBER 26 TO NOVEMBER 11, 1918, 89TH DIVISION
referencedIn Patton, George S. (George Smith), 1885-1945. George S. Patton papers, 1807-1979 (bulk 1904-1945). Library of Congress
creatorOf Summerall, Charles Pelot, 1867-1955. Map showing position of German Army geologic stations, St. Mihiel sector. Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Bowley, Albert Jesse, 1875-1945. person
associatedWith Bullard, Robert Lee, 1861-1947. person
associatedWith Capper, Arthur, 1865-1951. person
associatedWith Citadel, the Military College of South Carolina. corporateBody
associatedWith Citadel, the Military College of South Carolina. corporateBody
associatedWith Drum, Hugh Aloysius, 1879-1951. person
associatedWith Fletcher, Duncan Upshaw, 1859-1936. person
correspondedWith Forbes, W. Cameron (William Cameron), 1870-1959 person
associatedWith France. Armée. Armée, 8e. Etat-Major. Bureau, 2e. corporateBody
associatedWith Harbord, James G. (James Guthrie), 1866-1947. person
associatedWith Hines, John Leonard, 1868-1968. person
associatedWith Hurley, Patrick J. (Patrick Jay), 1883-1963. person
correspondedWith Lejeune, John Archer, 1867-1942. person
associatedWith MacArthur, Douglas, 1880-1964. person
associatedWith McCormick, Robert Rutherford, 1880-1955. person
associatedWith McMaster, George Hunter, 1869-1950. person
associatedWith Morgan, David T. person
correspondedWith Morgan, David Taylor person
correspondedWith O'Laughlin, John Callan, 1873-1949. person
associatedWith Parker, Frank, 1872-1947. person
correspondedWith Patton, George S. (George Smith), 1885-1945. person
associatedWith Pershing, John J. (John Joseph), 1860-1948. person
associatedWith Pétain, Philippe, 1856-1951. person
associatedWith Preble, George Henry, 1816-1885. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
correspondedWith Salley, A. S. (Alexander Samuel), 1871-1961. person
correspondedWith Shaw, Gertrude McLaurin. person
associatedWith Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Division, 1st. corporateBody
correspondedWith Vandenberg, Charles A. person
associatedWith Vandenberg, Charles A. person
associatedWith Walter, Lewis Allwhyn, 1868-1951. person
associatedWith Wells, Briant Harris, 1871-1949. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Florida
South Carolina--Charleston
Florida
Subject
World War, 1914-1918--France
World War, 1914-1918
Universities and colleges--South Carolina--Charleston
Universities and colleges
Occupation
Army officers
College presidents
Function

Person

Birth 1867-03-04

Death 1955-05-14

English

Information

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