Rosenzweig, Franz, 1886-1929

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Franz Rosenzweig and Martin Buber collaborated on several projects, the most important of which was a translation of the Hebrew Bible.

From the guide to the Franz Rosenzweig - Martin Buber notebooks, 1925-1929, (Leo Baeck Institute Archives)

Franz Rosenzweig was born in Kassel on December 25, 1886 to Georg and Adele Rosenzweig. His father was a relatively successful local businessmen who was publicly active. He was a member of the Municipal Council in Kassel, sat on boards of many institutions, among them the Jewish orphanage in Kassel. His mother, Adele Rosenzweig neé Alsberg, was the third of six children and after her marriage managed to keep in their household a liberal and open atmosphere.

In 1905 Franz Rosenzweig graduated from the Friedrichsgymnasium in Kassel and started to study medicine in Göttingen. After changing universities several times, in 1908 he left the sciences and started to study philosophy and history. After studies in Berlin he went to Freiburg im Breisgau where he studied with Friedrich Meinecke. After another stay in Berlin, Franz Rosenzweig came back to Freiburg i. B. and finished his studies with the dissertation " Hegel und Staat " (Hegel and State). In 1913 he studied in Berlin with Hermann Cohen, who resigned from the Philosophy Department at Marburg University and started to teach Jewish Philosophy of Religion at Akademie für die Wissenschaft des Judemtums (School of Science of Judaism) in Berlin.

In 1914 Franz Rosenzweig volunteered with the Red Cross and served on several fronts, After serving in Belgium and Germany, Franz Rosenzweig was assigned to the Balkans in 1916, where he stayed until almost the war’s end.

During the war he diligently read and worked on his texts, so that he was able to publish several philosophical works, including Das älteste Systemprogramm des deutschen Idealismus, and his letters to his teacher Hermann Cohen from the front in Zeit ist’s, both in 1917. Shortly after the war his dissertation Hegel und Staat appeared in print in two volumes in 1920. However, he is probably best known for another work, Der Stern der Erlösung (The Star of Redemption), published in 1921.

In the summer of 1920 he lectured in Kassel. He married Edith Hahn on March 23, 1920 and they moved to Frankfurt am Main.

Although he contemplated conversion to Christianity for a period, he rejected this course and returned to Judaism with increasing commitment. In 1920 Franz Rosenzweig, together with Nehemiah A. Nobel, Martin Buber, and others (among them also Erich Fromm), founded the Freie Juedische Lehrhaus in Frankfurt am Main, where Franz Rosenzweig tried to promote new educational methods based on real life experience. This institution was open for everyone without regard to denomination and people were accepted freely without entry exams or references. Next to Franz Rosenzweig and Martin Buber, Richard Koch, Eduard Strauss, Ernst Simon, and Siegfried Krakauer were teaching at the Lehrhaus, as did Nahum N. Glatzer later.

Franz Rosenzweig also successfully translated and commented upon the medieval liturgical texts and poems of Jehuda Halevi in 1924 and collaborated with Martin Buber on a translation of the Hebrew Bible Die Schrift (The Book) in 1926.

In January 1922, Franz Rosenzweig became ill with a quickly progressing paralysis (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), which soon prevented him from writing. From this point on, all his correspondence and works were dictated. At the end of 1923, Franz Rosenzweig almost lost his ability to speak and had to use a specially constructed type-machine. He became so weak that his wife Edith Rosenzweig had to communicate with him through gestures and signs. In October 1922 Rudolf Hallo took over the leadership of the Lehrhaus . It stayed open until 1930, and was reopened by Martin Buber in 1933.

Franz Rosenzweig died on December 10, 1929.

From the guide to the Franz Rosenzweig Collection, 1832-1999, (Leo Baeck Institute)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Berlinski, Herman. Das Gebet Bonhoeffer's : eine Kantate für Sopran Solo, Bariton Solo, Chor (SATB), Flöte, Cello, Orgel, Celesta, Vibraphone, Crotales, Gongs / Musik von Herman Berlinski ; Text zusammengestellt von Herman Berlinski. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Berlinski, Herman. The death of Rachel : cantata for baritone, soprano and narrator (baritone), organ and bells = Der Tot Rachel's : Kantata fuer Bariton, Sopran, Erzaehler, Orgel und Schaafsglocken / Herman Berlinski. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Berlinski, Herman. And her children rise up and call her blessed : cantata / Herman Berlinski. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. [Zwei Gesänge für Bariton und Klavier, op. 24a / Heinrich Schalit]. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
referencedIn Eduard Strauss Collection, 1854-1988, bulk 1891-1952 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Henry Rothschild Collection, 1921-1993 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
creatorOf Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. Vier hymnische Gesänge : nach Dichtungen von Jehuda Halevi: aus dem Hebräischen übertragen von Franz Rosenzweig und Emil Bernhard: für eine hohe Singstimme und Klavier, op. 22 / von Heinrich Schalit. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. Hebräische Lobgesang : Adon olam = Der Herr der Welt : Lobgesang aus der hebräischen Liturgie : für Bariton-solo, 4 st[immige] Chor, Orchester, Orgel u[nd] Harfe, [op. 24b] / Deutsche Übertragung von Dr. Franz Rosenzweig ; [Musik von] Heinrich Schalit. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
referencedIn Ehrenberg-Rosenzweig Family Collection, 1772-1930 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Martin G. Goldner Collection, 1822-1986, bulk 1840s-1890s, bulk 1970s Leo Baeck Institute.
creatorOf Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. That day : anthem for mixed voices, with or without accompaniment / poem by Yehuda Halevi ; English version by Jean Harper ; Music by H. Schalit. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Berlinski, Herman. Hiob : ein dramatisches Oratorium / deutsches Libretto: Sina und Herman Berlinski ; music: Herman Berlinski. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Franz Rosenzweig Collection, 1832-1999 Leo Baeck Institute.
creatorOf Berlinski, Herman. Sinfonia No. 7, for tenor and organ : David and Goliath / German version according to Martin Buber and Franz Rosenzweig ; [music by] Herman Berlinski. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. Hymnische Gesänge : für Bariton und Orchester (oder Klavier), op. 21 / Heinrich Schalit. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
referencedIn Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. [Hymnen der Seele : vier gemischten a cappella Chöre, op. 27 / Gedichte von Jehuda Halevi ; Deutsch von Franz Rosenzweig ; Musik von Heinrich Schalit]. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
referencedIn Martin Buber Collection, 1897-1980, bulk 1921-1929 Leo Baeck Institute.
referencedIn Bruno Strauss Collection, 1863-1969 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
referencedIn Rosenstock-Huessy, Eugen, 1888-1973. Papers, 1870-2001. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. In eternity : Hymnus for mixed chorus (SAATB), organ, string orchestra and harp / Heinrich Schalit. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. Hymnische Gesänge : für Bariton und Orchester (oder Klavier), op. 21 / Heinrich Schalit ; Klavierauszug. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. Hymnische Gesänge : nach Dichtungen von Jehuda Halevi: aus dem Hebräischen übertragen von Franz Rosenzweig und Emil Bernhard Cohn: für eine hohe Singstimme und Klavier, op. 20 / Heinrich Schalit. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
creatorOf Franz Rosenzweig - Martin Buber notebooks, 1925-1929 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
creatorOf Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. Hebräische Lobgesang : Adon olam = Der Herr der Welt : für Bariton-solo, 4 st[immige] gem[ischten] Chor, Orchester, Orgel u[nd] Harfe, [op. 24b / Deutsche Übertragung aus dem Hebräischen von Dr. Franz Rosenzweig] ; arrangement for cantor, chorus and organ accompaniment [by] Heinrich Schalit. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Agnon, Shmuel person
associatedWith Albrecht, M. O. person
associatedWith Alsberg family family
associatedWith Badt, Hermann person
associatedWith Badt-Strauss, Bertha person
associatedWith Baeck, Leo person
associatedWith Baumgartner, Walter person
associatedWith Berlinski, Herman. person
associatedWith Binding, Rudolf person
associatedWith Blau, Julius person
associatedWith Breuer, Isaac person
associatedWith Buber, Martin, 1878-1965 person
associatedWith Carlebach, Joseph person
associatedWith Cohen, Hermann person
associatedWith Cohn, Jonas person
associatedWith Darmstaedter, Irene person
associatedWith Darmstaedter, Karl D. person
associatedWith Dienemann, Max person
associatedWith Ehrenberg, Amalie person
associatedWith Ehrenberg family family
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associatedWith Ehrenberg, Richard person
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associatedWith Freund, Rachel person
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associatedWith Glatzer, Nahum person
associatedWith Goitein, Fritz (later Shlomo Dov) person
associatedWith Goldner, Martin person
associatedWith Goldner, Martin G. person
associatedWith Goldstein, Margarete person
associatedWith Guttmann, Julius person
associatedWith Hahn, Edith person
associatedWith Hallo, Rudolf person
associatedWith Hess, Hans person
associatedWith Horovitz, Jacob person
associatedWith Huch, Ricarda person
associatedWith Jacob, Benno person
associatedWith Jacob, Ernst person
associatedWith Jonas, Ludwig person
associatedWith Kaehler, Siegfried person
associatedWith Koch, Richard person
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associatedWith Loewenthal, Ernst person
associatedWith Maas, Schemaja person
associatedWith Markowicz, Ernst person
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associatedWith Mombert, Alfred person
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associatedWith Philips, Carlo person
associatedWith Pinkas, Salomon person
associatedWith Prager, Joseph person
associatedWith Rinold, Joseph person
associatedWith Rivlin, Joseph person
associatedWith Rosenheim, Jacob person
correspondedWith Rosenstock-Huessy, Eugen, 1888-1973. person
associatedWith Rosenzweig, Adele person
associatedWith Rosenzweig, Edith person
associatedWith Rosenzweig family family
associatedWith Rosenzweig, Georg person
associatedWith Rothschild, Henry, 1870-1936 person
associatedWith Rothschild, House of family
associatedWith Schaeffer, Albrecht person
associatedWith Schafft, Hermann person
associatedWith Schalit, Heinrich person
associatedWith Schalit, Heinrich, 1886-1976. person
associatedWith Scholem, Gershom person
associatedWith Schwarzschild, Fritz person
associatedWith Seligmann, Caesar person
associatedWith Seligsohn, Ernst Heinrich person
associatedWith Simon, Ernst person
associatedWith Stahl, Rudolf person
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associatedWith Strauss, Eduard person
associatedWith Strauss, Eduard, 1876-1952 person
associatedWith Strauss, Ludwig person
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associatedWith Weimantel, Leo person
associatedWith Weizsaecker, Viktor person
associatedWith Wessel, David person
associatedWith Wittig, Joseph person
associatedWith Wolfskehl, Karl person
associatedWith Zweig, Arnold person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Kassel (Germany)
Frankfurt am Main (Germany)
Subject
Philosophers
Jewish philosophers
Genealogy
Professions and occupations; theologians
Domestic life, 20th cent
Jewish philosophy
Theologians, Jewish
Judaism
Translators
Adult education
World War, 1914-1918
Bible translation
Austro--Prussian War, 1866
Military service
Jewish philosophy in literature
Domestic life, 19th cent
Occupation
Translator
Function

Person

Birth 1886-12-25

Death 1929-12-10

Germans

German

Information

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