Ellis Island (N.J. and N.Y.)

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Ellis Island is a former immigration inspection station. As the nation's busiest immigrant inspection station from 1892 to 1954, it processed approximately 12 million immigrants to the United States in New York Harbor, within the states of New York and New Jersey. Prior to the immigration station it was owned by the Ellis family before the US government used it as a fort and a naval magazine. Between 1905 and 1914, immigration officials reviewed about 5,000 immigrants per day during peak times at Ellis Island. By 1947, shortly after the end of World War II, there were proposals to close Ellis Island due to the massive expenses needed for the upkeep of a relatively small detention center. Ellis Island closed on November 12, 1954. In June 1964, the National Park Service proposed making Ellis Island part of a national monument. In 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson approved the redevelopment of the island as a museum and park. The main building opened as a museum on September 10, 1990.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Letters Received from the Commissioner of Immigration, 1891 - 1895 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Harrison "Buzz" Price, Papers, 1956-2006 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Central Florida Libraries,
referencedIn Committee Papers, 1952 - 1976 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Plunz, Richard. Richard Plunz papers, 1935-1999 (bulk 1980-1999). Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Reference Files, ca. 1915 - ca. 1941 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn List of Classified Structures Program, 1955 - 2003 National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Muster Rolls of Coast Guard Ships and Shore Establishments, 1941 - 1949 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Letters Sent, 1891 - 11/1903 National Archives at Philadelphia
referencedIn Ester Irene Sundvik Oral History Interview, 1981 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Theodore Wesley Koch Papers, 1894-1941 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Ogie (Aage) Enevoldsen Enwall Oral History Interview, 1981 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Anne Kristine Olsen Strom Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Anna Georgina Hansen Ekrem Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Environmental Compliance Program Records, 1967 - 2010 National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Osten (Øystein) Johannes Hjortedal Oral History Interview, 1984 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Gustav Simon Simonson Oral History Interview, 1981 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Eldean, Fred, 1899-. An interview with Fred Eldean : cassettes and transcript, April 27, 1982 / by Kristina Minister ; sponsored by the First Interstate Bank of Arizona. Arizona State University Libraries
referencedIn Rhode Island College (1960- ). Ethnic Heritage Studies Program. Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies Library
referencedIn Certificates of Arrival, 10/1913 - 10/1920 National Archives at Boston
referencedIn Historical Reports of Hospitals and Infirmaries, 5/1/1917 - 5/31/1920 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Henny Pauline Marie Johannessen Hale Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Randi Nilsen Kirkemo Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Foss Hjarne Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Warren I. Cikins Papers. 1948 - 2011. Congressional Employment Files
referencedIn Boring, William A. (William Alciphron), 1859-1937. William A. Boring architectural drawings and papers, circa 1859-1937. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Peterson, Hans Marius. Hans Marius Peterson Oral History Interview 1982. Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn John Johanneson Johnson Oral History Interview, 1981 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Miller, Hilma Laitinen. Hilma Laitinen Miller Oral History Interview 1981. Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Burden, Shirley. Shirley C. Burden papers, 1947-1989. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of the Interior. Photographs Relating to the Secretary's Trips, Speeches, and Other Functions, and Agency Officials, Events, and Managed Sites. 2002-2013. National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Project Files, 1/1/1984 - 4/9/1995 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Hilma Marie Jacobson Nelson Oral History Interview, 1983 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Kasparek, Frank. The immigrant experience / by Frank Kasparek. University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, McIntyre Library
referencedIn Simonson, Gustav Simon. Gustav Simon Simonson Oral History Interview 1981. Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Hans Marius Peterson Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Materials Relating to "The Hudson" Project, 5/1968 - 5/1968 Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
referencedIn Logbooks of Stations, 1915 - 1941 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Records Relating to the History of Ellis Island, 1956 - 1956 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Turbessi, Anelio Frances. Anelio Frances Turbessi papers 1882-1945 Olson Library, Northern Michigan University, Lydia M. Olson Library
referencedIn Alfred Julius Strom Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Photographs Assembled for Pamphlet Production Relating to U.S. Political, Economic, and Cultural Life , ca. 1957 - ca. 1995 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Monk, Meredith. Ellis Island [videorecording] / conceived and directed by Meredith Monk ; produced and co-directed by Robert Rosen. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Renovation Records, 1/1/1959 - 12/31/1987 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Vickie Mongiardo's Urban Ethnic Affairs Subject Files, 1976 - 1976 Jimmy Carter Library
referencedIn Subject and Policy Files, 1893 - 1957 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Knute John Mjøen Oral History Interview, 1981 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Fox Valley Symphony. Immigrant Stories Project, 2006. Wisconsin Historical Society Archives
referencedIn Project Files, ca. 1941 - 2006 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Buchel, Jack. Oral history interview with Jack Buchel [sound recording] / interviewed by Howard R. Fredricks. University of Wisconsin - La Crosse, Murphy Library
referencedIn Building Specifications and Contracts Relating to Ellis Island , 1898 - 1970 National Archives at New York
referencedIn Central Files, 1953 - 1971 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Nels and Gertrude Simonseth Oral History Interview, N/A Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Helga Pederson Watney Oral History Interview, 1979 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Nels Simonseth Oral History Interview, 1981 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Recording Cards Received from Domestic Stations, Relief Stations, Foreign Stations, State Boards of Health, Federal Agencies and Marine Hospitals, 1924 - 1936 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Shirley C. Burden papers, 1947-1989 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Ole Andreas Nissen Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Construction of Federal Buildings, 1885 - 1954 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Public Health Service Historical Photograph File, 1880 - 1943 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Letters Sent, 1/1/1904 - 5/9/1912 National Archives at Philadelphia
referencedIn Inspection Reports on War Relocation Centers, 1942 - 1946 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Central Photographic Assignment Files Documenting the Secretary's Activities, and Agency Events, Programs, and Officials, 1971 - 2005 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Hilma Laitinen Miller Oral History Interview, 1981 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Special Project Correspondence Files Relating to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Restoration, 1984 - 1987 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Letters Sent, 7/1/1903 - 12/31/1912 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Watney, Helga Pederson. Helga Pederson Watney Oral History Interview 1979. Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Peder Garberg Oral History Interview, 1984 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Alf Lowell Løvoll Oral History Interview, 1984 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn District Publications, 3/25/1941 - 12/1998 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Archives at Queens Library. Statue of Liberty [vertical file] / [compiled by the Archives at Queens Library]. Queens Borough Public Library, Queens Library
referencedIn Judith Tollefson Oral History Interview, 1981 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Committee Papers, 1867 - 2011 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn DeRosa (Bergliot Moxness Oliver) Oral History Interview, 1981 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Horn, Sol. Edward Laning [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn William Williams papers, 1902-1943, 1902-1917 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Thomas Wilhelm Olsen Breiwick Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Simonseth, Nels and Gertrude. Nels and Gertrude Simonseth Oral History Interview N/A. Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Margit Carlsen Johnson Oral History Interview, 1982 Robert A.L. Mortvedt Library Scandinavian Immigrant Experience Collection Archives and Special Collections Department
referencedIn Records Relating to Fiorello La Guardia, 1907 - 1948 United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Sundvik, Ester Irene. Ester Irene Sundvik Oral History Interview 1981. Oregon State University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Saltsberg, Jerry. Edward Laning [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Edward Laning [graphic]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Edward Laning, 1938 Feb. 24 Archives of American Art
Relation Name
associatedWith Archives at Queens Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Boring, William A. (William Alciphron), 1859-1937. person
associatedWith Breiwick, Thomas person
associatedWith Buchel, Jack. person
associatedWith Burden, Shirley person
associatedWith Burden, Shirley. person
associatedWith DeRosa, Bergliot (Bella) Moxness Oliver person
associatedWith Ekrem, Anna person
associatedWith Eldean, Fred, 1899- person
associatedWith Enwall, Ogie (Aage) Enevoldsen person
associatedWith Foss, Hjarne person
associatedWith Fox Valley Symphony. corporateBody
associatedWith Garberg, Peder person
associatedWith Hale, Henny Pauline Marie person
associatedWith Harrison A. Price person
associatedWith Hjortedal, Osten (Øystein) Johannes person
associatedWith Horn, Sol. person
associatedWith Johnson, John person
associatedWith Johnson, Margit Carlsen person
associatedWith Kasparek, Frank. person
associatedWith Kirkemo, Randi Nilsen person
associatedWith Koch, Theodore Wesley, 1871-1941 person
associatedWith Lovoll, Alf Lowell person
associatedWith Miller, Hilma person
associatedWith Miller, Hilma Laitinen. person
associatedWith Mjøen, Knute person
associatedWith Nelson, Hilma person
associatedWith Nissen, Ole Andreas Nissen person
associatedWith Peterson, Hans person
associatedWith Peterson, Hans Marius. person
associatedWith Plunz, Richard. person
associatedWith Rhode Island College (1960- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Saltsberg, Jerry. person
associatedWith Simonseth, Nels person
associatedWith Simonseth, Nels and Gertrude person
associatedWith Simonseth, Nels and Gertrude. person
associatedWith Simonson, Gustav person
associatedWith Simonson, Gustav Simon. person
associatedWith Strom, Alfred person
associatedWith Strom, Anne person
associatedWith Sundvik, Ester Irene person
associatedWith Sundvik, Ester Irene. person
associatedWith Tollefson, Judith person
associatedWith Turbessi, Anelio Frances. person
associatedWith United States. National Parks Service. corporateBody
associatedWith Watney, Helga person
associatedWith Watney, Helga Pederson. person
associatedWith Williams, William, 1862-1947 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Ellis Island NJ US
United States 00 US
Subject
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Germans

Information

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SNAC ID: 84156986