Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918

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Epithet: widow of President J A Garfield

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000815.0x0001e7

Lucretia Rudolph Garfield was born on a farm outside Garretsville, Ohio, in 1832. She met James Abram Garfield while both were students at Geauga Academy in Chester, Ohio, and the two married in 1858. Following her husband's assassination in 1881 she lived much of her life at their home in Mentor, Ohio, before dying in 1918 while wintering in Pasadena, California.

From the description of Lucretia R. Garfield letter to Edgar Adams, 1889 October 16. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 758986362

From the description of Lucretia R. Garfield envelopes with mourning border, 1894-1898. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 758985796

From the description of Lucretia R. Garfield letters to Col. and Mrs. A.F. Rockwell, 1884-1890. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 758985798

Wife of President James A. Garfield.

From the description of Papers of Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, 1807-1958. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71064023

Educated at Western Reserve Eclectic College and became a teacher. Married James A. Garfield in 1858 and became First Lady in 1881. After President Garfield was assassinated in July 1881, she retired to the Garfield Estate in Mentor, Ohio.

From the description of Lucretia R. Garfield letter to S. S. McClure [manuscript], 1896 Apr 20. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 316338567

Biographical Note

  • 1832, Apr. 19: Born on a farm near Gavettsville, Ohio
  • 1849: Became student at Geavga Academy, Chester, Ohio, where she met James A. Garfield
  • 1851: Became student at Eclectic Institute, Hiram, Ohio, where her family then made its home; taught some terms in Ohio public schools
  • 1858: Married James A. Garfield (died 1881)
  • 1860: Birth of daughter Eliza, called "Trot" (died 1863)
  • 1863: Birth of Harry Augustus Garfield Husband James A. Garfield resigned commission in Union Army to enter Congress
  • 1863 - 1881 : Lived in Hiram and Mentor, Ohio, and in Washington, D.C., while her husband was in Congress
  • 1865: Birth of James Rudolph Garfield
  • 1867: Birth of Mary Garfield Summer trip to Europe with her husband
  • 1870: Birth of Irwin McDowell Garfield
  • 1872: Birth of Abram Garfield
  • 1874: Birth of Edward Garfield (died 1876)
  • 1880: James A. Garfield elected president
  • 1881: James A. Garfield assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau Lived at Cleveland and Mentor, Ohio; after 1885, made her home in Mentor
  • 1887 - 1888 : Spent winter in Europe
  • 1888: Death of her mother-in-law, Eliza Ballon Garfield, who made her home at Mentor, Ohio
  • 1897: Death of her father, Zeb Rudolph, who lived with her most of the time after 1881
  • 1901: Spent winter in Florida
  • 1902 - 1918 : Spent winters in Pasadena, Calif.
  • 1918, Mar. 13: Died, Pasadena, Calif.

From the guide to the Lucretia Rudolph Garfield Papers, 1807-1958, (bulk 1844-1918), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1915. Signature, March 1904 / Lucretia R. Garfield. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. Lucretia R. Garfield letter to Edgar Adams, 1889 October 16. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Papers, 1845-1900 (inclusive), 1853-1886 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. Lucretia R. Garfield letters to Col. and Mrs. A.F. Rockwell, 1884-1890. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. Lucretia R. Garfield envelopes with mourning border, 1894-1898. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Garfield, Harry Augustus, 1863-1942. Harry Augustus Garfield papers, 1855-1961 (bulk 1888-1934). Library of Congress
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. Papers of Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, 1807-1958. Library of Congress
referencedIn Charles David Williams papers, 1878-1923 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield family papers, 1855-1938. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Hinsdale family papers, 1857-1963 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Howells family papers, 1850-1954 (inclusive). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-1899. Letter : Washington, D.C., to Mrs. [James A.] Garfield, 1880 Nov. 4. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
creatorOf Hinsdale family. Hinsdale family papers, 1857-1963. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Greene & Greene. Residence for Mrs. Lucretia R. Garfield at Pasadena, Cal. [graphic] / Greene & Greene, Architects. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield letters to Lucretia R. Garfield, 1881 June 28-30. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn James A. Garfield Home (Mentor, Ohio). Lawnfield Farm records, 1880-1931. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Hay, John, 1838-1905. Correspondence, 1854-1914, "Fiske" to "Gilder." Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. Papers, 1857-1936. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn James Gillespie Blaine Papers, 1777-1945, (bulk 1870-1892) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Lucretia Rudolph Garfield Papers, 1807-1958, (bulk 1844-1918) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Dodge, Mary Abigail, 1833-1896. Mary Abigail Dodge Papers, 1834-1896. Peabody Essex Museum
referencedIn James Rudolph Garfield Papers, 1879-1950, (bulk 1890-1932) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. James Gillespie Blaine family papers, 1777-1945 (bulk 1870-1892). Library of Congress
creatorOf Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield family collection, [18--]-[19--]. Lake County Historical Society
creatorOf Stanley-Brown, Mary Garfield, 1867-1947. Mary Garfield Stanley-Brown papers, 1881-1967. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Williams, Charles David, 1860-1923. Charles David Williams papers, 1878-1923. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. [Note] 1909 April 18 to J. Harris Newell / Lucretia R. Garfield. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
creatorOf SIGNATURES OF PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA from George Washington to Dwight David Eisenhower, often with those of their wives, mostly cut from letters and documents; 1776-aft. 1952. Lacks the signature of Calvin Coolidge but includes (f... British Library
referencedIn Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield family papers, series II, 1871-1937. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Benjamin Holt Ticknor Papers, 1595-1935, (bulk 1850-1920) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. [Note] 1909 April 18 to J. Harris Newell / Lucretia R. Garfield. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. Lucretia R. Garfield letter to S. S. McClure [manuscript], 1896 Apr 20. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hinsdale, B. A. (Burke Aaron), 1837-1900. Papers, 1854-1901 / [Burke Aaron Hinsdale]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Wallace, Lew, 1827-1905. Papers, 1799-1923 (bulk 1846-1906). Indiana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950. James Rudolph Garfield papers, 1879-1950 (bulk 1890-1932). Library of Congress
referencedIn Truesdell family photograph album [graphic], circa 1880-1899. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Harry Augustus Garfield Papers, 1855-1961, (bulk 1888-1934) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. Papers, [microform] selections from originals in the Library of Congress. Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center, Hayes Presidential Center
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia. Survey of Sherman, Connecticut, 1921 April 9-11. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. Letter, 1899 May 26. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield family papers, series III, 1859-1990. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. James A. Garfield papers, 1853-1913. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn Autograph File, G, 1641-1991. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Ticknor, Benjamin Holt, 1842-1914. Papers of Benjamin Holt Ticknor, 1595-1935 (bulk 1850-1920). Library of Congress
creatorOf Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. Lucretia R. Garfield letter : 1882. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Price family. Papers, 1840-1906. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Howells-Fréchette family. Howells-Fréchette family papers, 1844-1934. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abell, L. G., Mrs. person
associatedWith Adams, Edgar. person
correspondedWith Blaine, James Gillespie, 1830-1893. person
correspondedWith Blaine, James G., Mrs., 1828-1903 person
correspondedWith Booth, Almeda A. (Almeda Ann), 1823-1875 person
correspondedWith Burnett, Frances Hawks Cameron person
associatedWith Bush, Cornelia Wheat, 1834-1916. person
correspondedWith Cleveland, Frances Folsom, 1864-1947 person
associatedWith Disciples of Christ. corporateBody
associatedWith Dodge, Mary Abigail, 1833-1896. person
associatedWith Fenton & Stair (Firm : Cleveland, Ohio) corporateBody
correspondedWith Field, Cyrus W. (Cyrus West), 1819-1892 person
correspondedWith Force, M. F. (Manning Ferguson), 1824-1899 person
associatedWith Garfield, Abram, b. 1872. person
associatedWith Garfield family. family
associatedWith Garfield family. family
correspondedWith Garfield, Harry Augustus, 1863-1942. person
associatedWith Garfield, Irvin McDowell, 1870-1951. person
associatedWith Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881. person
associatedWith Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950. person
associatedWith Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918. person
correspondedWith Grant, Julia Dent, 1826-1902 person
associatedWith Greene & Greene. corporateBody
associatedWith Guiteau, Charles Julius, 1841-1882. person
correspondedWith Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901 person
correspondedWith Hayes, Rutherford Birchard, 1822-1893 person
associatedWith Hay, John, 1838-1905. person
associatedWith Hinsdale, B. A. (Burke Aaron), 1837-1900. person
associatedWith Hinsdale family family
associatedWith Hinsdale family. family
associatedWith Howells-Fréchette family. family
correspondedWith Howells, William Dean, 1837-1920 person
associatedWith Ingersoll, Robert Green, 1833-1899. person
associatedWith James A. Garfield Home (Mentor, Ohio) corporateBody
associatedWith Kentucky Historical Society. corporateBody
correspondedWith Lincoln, Robert Todd, 1843-1926 person
correspondedWith Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891 person
associatedWith McClure, S. S. (Samuel Sidney), 1857-1949, person
correspondedWith McKinley, William, 1843-1901 person
associatedWith Newell, J. Harris. person
correspondedWith Polk, James K. (James Knox), 1795-1849 person
correspondedWith Polk, Sarah Childress, 1803-1891 person
associatedWith Price family. family
correspondedWith Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912 person
associatedWith Rockwell, A. F. person
correspondedWith Rockwell, Almon Ferdinand, 1835- person
associatedWith Rudolph family. family
associatedWith Rudolph family. family
correspondedWith Selleck, Rebecca person
associatedWith Smith, Theodore Clarke, 1870-1960. person
associatedWith Stanley-Brown family. family
associatedWith Stanley-Brown, Mary Garfield, 1867-1947. person
correspondedWith Swaim, David Gaskill, 1834-1897 person
correspondedWith Tennyson, Alfred Tennyson, Baron, 1809-1892 person
associatedWith Ticknor, Benjamin Holt, 1842-1914. person
correspondedWith Tyler, Julia Gardiner, 1820-1889 person
correspondedWith Victoria, Queen of Great Britain, 1819-1901 person
associatedWith Wallace, Lew, 1827-1905. person
associatedWith Williams, Charles David, 1860-1923. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Ohio
United States of America
United States
United States
United States
Sherman (Conn.)
Subject
Trials(assassination)
Bereavement--Social aspects
Campaign speeches--19th century
Thank-you notes
Arts
Presidents--Election--1888
Genealogy
Literature
President's spouses
Occupation
Presidents' spouses--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1832-04-19

Death 1918-03-14

Information

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Ark ID: w6tt5f4m

SNAC ID: 74351848