Garfield, Lucretia Rudolph, 1832-1918

Alternative names
Birth 1832-04-19
Death 1918-03-14

Biographical notes:

Epithet: widow of President J A Garfield

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000815.0x0001e7

Lucretia Rudolph Garfield was born on a farm outside Garretsville, Ohio, in 1832. She met James Abram Garfield while both were students at Geauga Academy in Chester, Ohio, and the two married in 1858. Following her husband's assassination in 1881 she lived much of her life at their home in Mentor, Ohio, before dying in 1918 while wintering in Pasadena, California.

From the description of Lucretia R. Garfield letter to Edgar Adams, 1889 October 16. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 758986362

From the description of Lucretia R. Garfield envelopes with mourning border, 1894-1898. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 758985796

From the description of Lucretia R. Garfield letters to Col. and Mrs. A.F. Rockwell, 1884-1890. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 758985798

Wife of President James A. Garfield.

From the description of Papers of Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, 1807-1958. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71064023

Educated at Western Reserve Eclectic College and became a teacher. Married James A. Garfield in 1858 and became First Lady in 1881. After President Garfield was assassinated in July 1881, she retired to the Garfield Estate in Mentor, Ohio.

From the description of Lucretia R. Garfield letter to S. S. McClure [manuscript], 1896 Apr 20. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 316338567

Biographical Note

  • 1832, Apr. 19: Born on a farm near Gavettsville, Ohio
  • 1849: Became student at Geavga Academy, Chester, Ohio, where she met James A. Garfield
  • 1851: Became student at Eclectic Institute, Hiram, Ohio, where her family then made its home; taught some terms in Ohio public schools
  • 1858: Married James A. Garfield (died 1881)
  • 1860: Birth of daughter Eliza, called "Trot" (died 1863)
  • 1863: Birth of Harry Augustus Garfield Husband James A. Garfield resigned commission in Union Army to enter Congress
  • 1863 - 1881 : Lived in Hiram and Mentor, Ohio, and in Washington, D.C., while her husband was in Congress
  • 1865: Birth of James Rudolph Garfield
  • 1867: Birth of Mary Garfield Summer trip to Europe with her husband
  • 1870: Birth of Irwin McDowell Garfield
  • 1872: Birth of Abram Garfield
  • 1874: Birth of Edward Garfield (died 1876)
  • 1880: James A. Garfield elected president
  • 1881: James A. Garfield assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau Lived at Cleveland and Mentor, Ohio; after 1885, made her home in Mentor
  • 1887 - 1888 : Spent winter in Europe
  • 1888: Death of her mother-in-law, Eliza Ballon Garfield, who made her home at Mentor, Ohio
  • 1897: Death of her father, Zeb Rudolph, who lived with her most of the time after 1881
  • 1901: Spent winter in Florida
  • 1902 - 1918 : Spent winters in Pasadena, Calif.
  • 1918, Mar. 13: Died, Pasadena, Calif.

From the guide to the Lucretia Rudolph Garfield Papers, 1807-1958, (bulk 1844-1918), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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  • Trials(assassination)
  • Bereavement--Social aspects
  • Campaign speeches--19th century
  • Thank-you notes
  • Arts
  • Presidents--Election--1888
  • Genealogy
  • Literature
  • President's spouses


  • Presidents' spouses--United States


  • Ohio (as recorded)
  • United States of America (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Sherman (Conn.) (as recorded)