Gibbon, John, 1827-1896

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Officer in United States Army, commander in Indian campaigns against Sitting Bull and Chief Joseph.

From the description of Switch-backing the Cascades, Holograph, 1887. (Washington State University). WorldCat record id: 43974472

Major General in U.S. Army during Civil War; commander in Indian campaigns.

From the description of Collection 1876-1877. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 49208592

American soldier.

From the description of Endorsement signed : St. Paul Minn., 1879 Oct. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269595512

John Gibbon, born near Philadelphia, served as a Civil War brigadier-general of volunteers in the Union Army. He commanded troops at second Bull Run, Antietam, Fredricksburg, Gettysburg, the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, and other battles of the Army of the Potomac.

Following the Civil War, Gibbon became an officer in the regular army with duty mostly in the West.

From the description of Papers, 1845-1892 (inclusive), 1862-1892 (bulk). (Historical Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122644899

Career army officer.

West Point graduate John Gibbon was born near Philadelphia in 1827 and raised in Charlotte, N.C. Prior to the Civil War, Gibbon served in the Seminole War, at western garrisons, and at West Point, where he wrote the Artillerist's manual (1860). Gibbon participated in numerous Civil War battles and was promoted by war's end to major-general of volunteers. Appointed colonel of the 7th Infantry in 1866, Gibbon was stationed in the Montana Territory. There, during the Sioux wars, he commanded an expedition to rescue Little Big Horn survivors, and during the Nez Percé War of 1877, he attacked Chief Joseph's sleeping encampment on the Big Hole River, Aug. 9, 1877. In that surprise attack, Gibbon's outnumbered forces dealt the Nez Percé a serious blow, killing eighty-nine, including women and children. In 1885, Gibbon was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the Dept. of the Columbia. He retired in 1891.

From the description of Letter : Fort Shaw, M[ontana] T[erritory], to Bishop [Daniel Sylvester] Tuttle, 1877 Sept. 7. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 34594134

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Gillmore, Quincy Adams, 1825-1888. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Wertheimer, Mark,. Photograph collection of monuments dedicated to general John Gibbon [picture], 1910-1988. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
creatorOf Gibbon, John, 1827-1896. Switch-backing the Cascades, Holograph, 1887. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Ulysses S. Grant letter to Major General Gibbon, 1864 September 7. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Confederate blank bond autographed by John Gibbon [manuscript], 1865 May 15. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Gibbon, John, 1827-1896. Endorsement signed : St. Paul Minn., 1879 Oct. 4. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Gibbon, John, 1827-1896. Papers, 1845-1892 (inclusive), 1862-1892 (bulk). Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Tipton, William H., 1850-1929. Civil War memorials photographs, ca. 1885, ca. 1897. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn John William Draper Family Papers, 1777-1951, (bulk 1860-1882) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911. Papers of Thomas Wentworth Higginson, 1841-1911. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn English, William L., ca. 1842-1877. Field diary of 1st Lt. Wm. L. English, 7th Infantry 1876 campaign /by William L. English, 1876. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Gibbon, John, 1827-1896. Letter : Fort Shaw, M[ontana] T[erritory], to Bishop [Daniel Sylvester] Tuttle, 1877 Sept. 7. Newberry Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Gibbon, John, 1827-1896. Papers. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Draper, John William, 1811-1882. John William Draper family papers, 1777-1951 (bulk 1860-1882). Library of Congress
creatorOf Gibbon, John, General, 1827-1896. AMS, [1892], [Custer and his orders]. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Edwin E. Swergal Papers, 1911-1961 Eastern Washington State Historical Society/Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture Joel E. Ferris Research Library and Archives
referencedIn Custer, George A. (George Armstrong), 1839-1876. George Armstrong Custer and Elizabeth (Bacon) Custer collection [microform], 1856-1933. Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Ebling, Jean P., 1920-1997. Research files, 1957-1963. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Baird, George William, 1839-1906. Indian campaigning with General Miles in Montana. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Jackson, William N. Diary. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Diary [unidentified], 1876. Montana Historical Society Library
creatorOf Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. ATS, 1865 Apr. 11, Burke Station, Va., to John Gibbon, Appomattox, Va. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Gibbon, John, 1827-1896. From Laramie to Vancouver barracks / by John Gibbon, [not before 1886]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Freeman, Henry B. (Henry Blanchard), 1837-1915. Sioux campaign journal, 1876. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Fairchild, Lucius, 1855-1892. Lucius Fairchild and family papers, 1855-1892. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Gibbon, John, 1827-1896. Collection 1876-1877. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Pointon, Mair. Civil War letter of Mair Pointon, 1862 Sept. 10. Navarro College
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Baird, George William, 1839-1906. person
associatedWith Buford, John, 1826-1863. person
associatedWith Custer, George A. (George Armstrong), 1839-1876. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
correspondedWith Draper, John C. (John Christopher), 1835-1885 person
correspondedWith Draper, John William, 1811-1882. person
associatedWith Ebling, Jean P., 1920-1997. person
associatedWith Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library) corporateBody
associatedWith English, William L., ca. 1842-1877. person
associatedWith Fairchild, Lucius, 1855-1892. person
associatedWith Freeman, Henry B. (Henry Blanchard), 1837-1915. person
associatedWith Gillmore, Quincy Adams, 1825-1888. person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
associatedWith Griffin, Charles, 1826-1867. person
associatedWith Higginson, Thomas Wentworth, 1823-1911. person
associatedWith Jackson, William N. person
associatedWith Joseph, Nez Percé Chief, 1840-1904. person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Merritt, Wesley, 1834-1910. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Newberry Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Pointon, Mair. person
associatedWith Pope, John, 1822-1892. person
associatedWith Rawlings, John Aaron, 1831-1869. person
associatedWith Ropes, John Codman, 1836-1899. person
associatedWith Swergal, Edwin E., b. 1881- person
associatedWith Tipton, William H., 1850-1929. person
correspondedWith Tuttle, Daniel Sylvester, 1837-1923 person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 7th. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Military Academy corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
The West
United States
West (U.S.)
West (U.S.)
Washington (State)
United States
Montana--Fort Shaw
Cascade Range
Seattle
Subject
Bull Run, 2nd Battle of, 1862
Appomattox Campaign, 1865
Nez Perce Indians--Wars, 1877
Manuscripts, American
Nez Percé Indians--Wars, 1877--Personal narratives
Indians of North America--Wars--1866-1895--Personal narratives
Hiking--19th century--Personal narratives
Chinese Americans
Chancellorsville, Battle of, Chancellorsville, Va., 1863
Fredericksburg, Battle of, Fredericksburg, Va., 1862
Railroads
Appomattox, Surrender at, 1865
Gettysburg, Battle of, Gettysburg, Pa., 1863
Military education
Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
Wilderness, Battle of--1864
Foreign workers, Chinese
Big Hole, Battle of the, Mont., 1877--Personal narratives
Courts-martial and courts of inquiry--Archives
Dakota Indians
Occupation
Generals
Function

Person

Birth 1827-04-20

Death 1896-02-06

Information

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