Monash, John, Sir, 1865-1931

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Soldier, engineer, administrator. Working copy of official biography by Geoffrey Serle is held in Manuscript Section for use by staff and readers. A lengthy entry on Monash is also provided in Volume 10 of the "Australian dictionary of biography."

From the description of Papers of Sir John Monash. 1876-1934. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 220847251

Commanded 3 Aust. Div., 1916-1918 and Aust. Corps, 1918; Director-General, Repatriation and Demobilisation Department, London, 1918-1919; Chairman of Commissioners and General Manager, State Electricity Commission of Victoria, 1920-1931. See A. J. Smithers, Sir John Monash (Leo Cooper, 1973).

From the description of Papers [manuscript]. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225785400

Born in West Melbourne, Vic., Monash attended Jerilderie Public School, Scotch College and the University of Melbourne; lived in Toorak, Vic.; worked as an engineer; served in the 13th Infantry Brigade, A.M.F.; enlisted on 17 Sept. 1914 as a colonel in the 4th Brigade; was promoted to major general on 10 July 1916, and to temporary lieutenant general on 1 June 1918; his ultimate unit was the Australian Corps, A.I.F.; he was awarded the Knight Grand Cross of Saint Michael and Saint George, the Knight Commander of the Bath and the Volunteer Forces Decoration; repatriated to Australia; and was commander of the Australian Corps.

From the description of The evacuation of Gallipoli. 1915. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 222437667

Civil engineer; served in Gallipoli from the landing on 25 April 1915 until the evacuation, 19 December 1915; succeeded Sir William Birdwood in command of the Australian Army Corps in France, May 1918; promoted to Lieutenant-General 1918; Chairman of the State Electricity Commission of Victoria 1920. Author of The Australian Victories in France.

From the description of Papers. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225766666

Monash joined Melbourne University's Metropolitan Brigade of the Garrison Artillery, and until the outbreak of war in 1914, he worked at learning the skills of artillery and engineering, as well as teaching and designing. By 1914, he was in command of the AIF's 4th Brigade in Egypt. After moving to the Western Front in 1916, Monash was promoted to Major General and took command of the 3rd Division. In the years leading to 1918, he and his troops were involved in many confrontations, including the Battles of Messines, the third battle of Ypres, and Polygon Wood, with some successes. In May 1918, Monash was appointed corps commander of the Australian forces, and in that year he led some significant attacks by Australian troops in the final stages of the war. After the war, he worked in many prominent civilian positions, the most notable being head of the Victorian State Electricity Commission

From the description of Typescripts of diaries and letters from World War One, 1914-1918 [manuscript]. 1914-1918. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 639542521

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Burrowes, Herbert Octavius Amyas Dean, b. 1882. Papers. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John, Sir, 1865-1931. Letters [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John, Sir, 1865-1931. Letter [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John Sir, 1865-1931. Typescripts of diaries and letters from World War One, 1914-1918 [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Lewis, Ronald Bannatyne, 1898-1985. Papers [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John (Sir), 1865-1931. Papers of Sir John Monash. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John Sir, 1865-1931. Papers. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Bevan, David John Davies, 1873-1954. Papers. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Papers of Robert Graves: Correspondence (arranged by subject), 1915 to 1996 St John's College, Oxford
creatorOf Monash, John Sir. OM81-10 Sir John Monash Letters, 1923-1926. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John, Sir, 1865-1931. Letter, 1919 Aug 8 [manuscript]: to Frances a B. Chomley. University of Queensland, UQ Library
referencedIn Perry, Warren, 1909-. General Sir John Monash, [not after 1997] [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John Sir, 1865-1931. Letter [manuscript] : to Frances a B. Chomley. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Mitchell, Ann M. (Archivist). Reports relating to Geoffrey Serle and John Monash [manuscript] / Ann M. Mitchell. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John Sir, 1865-1931. Material relating to Sir John Monash and the Monash family [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Keane, M. J. Monash family sheet music collection. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John, Sir, 1865-1931. Papers [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Davies, Herbert Arthur, b. 1889. Papers [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Smith, J. A. Letter. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John, Sir, 1865-1931. Pamphlet and letter [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John, Sir, 1865-1931. Papers. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Abraham Aaron Roback papers, 1909-1965. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Serle, Geoffrey, 1922-1998. Papers of Geoffrey Serle [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Hindle, Alfred, 1902-1974. History of the S.E.C. sub-branch of the Returned Services League : also material relating to the S.E.C. sub-branch of the RSL. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Perry, Warren, 1909-. Melbourne University Regiment, first honorary Colonel General Sir John Monash [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Monash, John Sir, 1865-1931. The evacuation of Gallipoli. Libraries Australia
referencedIn Peacock, R. K. (Robert Knox). Coats of arms. Libraries Australia
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Australia. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Australia. Army. Australian Corps. corporateBody
associatedWith Australia. Army. Australian Intelligence Corps corporateBody
associatedWith Australia. Army. Infantry Brigade, 13th. corporateBody
associatedWith Australia. Army. Infantry Brigade, 4th. corporateBody
associatedWith Behrend family. family
correspondedWith Behrend, Philip person
associatedWith Bevan, David John Davies, 1873-1954. person
correspondedWith Burrowes, Herbert Octavius Amyas Dean, b. 1882. person
associatedWith Chomley, Frances a B. (Frances a Beckett) person
associatedWith Davies, Herbert Arthur, b. 1889. person
associatedWith Graves, Robert Ranke, 1895-1985 person
associatedWith Hindle, Alfred, 1902-1974. person
associatedWith Lewis, Ronald Bannatyne, 1898-1985. person
associatedWith Maloney, William Robert Nuttall Dr., 1854-1940. person
correspondedWith Mitchell, Ann M. (Archivist) person
associatedWith Monash family. family
associatedWith Ozanne, Alfred Thomas, 1877-1961. person
associatedWith Peacock, R. K. (Robert Knox) person
associatedWith Perry, Warren, 1909- person
correspondedWith Roback, A. A. (Abraham Aaron), 1890-1965 person
associatedWith Robertson, Allen William David person
associatedWith Serle, Geoffrey, 1922-1998. person
associatedWith Smith, J. A. person
correspondedWith Streeton, Arthur, Sir, 1867-1943 person
associatedWith Wallaby Club (Melbourne, Vic.) corporateBody
associatedWith World War, 1914-1918 corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Australia
Turkey--Gallipoli Peninsula
Australia
Australia
Australia
Australia
Turkey--Gallipoli Peninsula
Turkey--Gallipoli Peninsula
Australia
Subject
World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns
General
Generals--Correspondence
Pottery--20th century
Kookaburra in art
Engineers
World War, 1914-1918--Campaigns--Personal narratives, Australian
Generals--Archives
Engineers--Archives
Occupation
Army officers
Soldiers
Engineers
Function

Person

Birth 1865-06-27

Death 1931-10-08

Information

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SNAC ID: 32584288