Flanner, Hildegarde, 1899-1987

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Hildegarde Flanner was an American poet whose works were published in various periodicals and in books illustrated by her husband, Frederick Monhoff.

From the description of Papers of Hildegarde Flanner, 1923-1983 (bulk 1923-1953). (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228721108

Flanner was born in Indianapolis and attended Shortridge High School and the University of California. She became a poet of some renown, and also wrote plays and articles. She married architect Frederick Monhoff and continued living in California.

From the description of Papers, 1920-1977. (Indiana Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 28591172

Hildegarde Flanner, the pseudonym of June Hildegarde Flanner Monhoff, wrote poems, essays, and one-act plays.

Flanner was born June 3, 1899, in Indianapolis, Indiana, but spent most of her life in California, to which she moved in the 1920s, and where she died on May 27, 1987. An early advocate of feminism and environmentalism, Flanner's writings explored nature and the human impact on it, as well as what it meant to be a woman in twentieth-century America.

"Hildegarde Flanner." Contemporary Authors Online. Gale Biography In Context. http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/bic1 (accessed March 4, 2011).

From the guide to the An Elegy For Honor : poem, [1973], (University of Delaware Library - Special Collections)


Hildegarde Flanner was born in Indianapolis in 1899. She and her older sisters Mary and Janet were raised in an artistic environment. Their father was a woodcarver as well as a humanitarian and patron of local artists and their mother Mary was a playwright and actress. Daughter Mary became a musician and songwriter, and Janet a novelist and writer for the Chicago Tribune, New Yorker, and New York Times, among other publications.

In 1918 the Flanner family moved to Berkeley, California, where Hildegarde attended the University of California, Berkeley. Hildegarde's poetic talent flourished under the instruction of Witler Bynner in a class with such budding poets as George Atcheson and Genevieve Taggard. The family lived in Berkeley until 1923 when the Berkeley Hills Fire destroyed their home. They relocated to Altadena, California where Hildegarde and her husband, illustrator Frederick Monhoff, whom she married in 1926, lived for many years. Monhoff did illustrations for several collections of his wife's poetry.

In addition to her accomplishments as a poet, Hildegarde wrote several plays and short stories, and edited a book of illustrations by the Danish artist Kay Nielsen. She was also an active conservationist and wrote many articles on California's wilderness, as well as the book A Vanishing Land, published in 1980.

Hildegarde Flanner died May 27, 1987.

From the guide to the Hildegarde Flanner Papers, 1924-1984, (The Bancroft Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Garnett, Porter, 1871-1951. Letter to George H. Nelson [manuscript], 1926 March 29. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Saunders, Charles Francis, 1859-1941. Papers of Charles F. Saunders, 1882-1966. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Haerle, Elisabeth, ca. 1910-. Papers, 1921-1929. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Kathryn Hulme papers, 1846-1981, 1945-1981 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Stone, Idella P., 1901- . Idella P. Stone Personal Papers and Records of Palms, 1922-1960. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Marquis, Neeta. Papers of Neeta Marquis, 1862-1957. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Flanner, Hildegarde, 1899-1987. Hildegarde Flanner papers, 1924-1984. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968. Witter Bynner correspondence and research archive, 1889-1984 compiled by Evelyn Ortner. Drew University Library, Rose Memorial Library
referencedIn Manuscripts and proofs of New Directions books, 1937-1997. Houghton Library
referencedIn Hildegarde Flanner with Janet Lewis : video, 1985. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962. Papers, 1897-1930 Houghton Library
referencedIn Idella Purnell Stone Personal Papers and Records of, Palms, Magazine TCRC98-A24., 1922-1960 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Garnett, Porter, 1871-1951. Porter Garnett papers, 1916-1951. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Flanner, Hildegarde, 1899-1987. Hildegarde Flanner photographs [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Flanner, Hildegarde, 1899-1987. Papers of Hildegarde Flanner, 1923-1983 (bulk 1923-1953). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn McWilliams, Carey, 1905-. Papers relating to the Western Writers' Congress, 1936-1937. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn New Directions Publishing records Houghton Library
creatorOf An Elegy For Honor : poem, [1973] University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
creatorOf Bird, Grace V. Grace V. Bird papers, 1910-1976, n.d. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Ritchie, George F. Cheri manuscripts, 1982-1983. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Witter Bynner papers, 1829-1965. Houghton Library
creatorOf Flanner, Hildegarde, 1899-1987. Untitled poem : typescript, [undated]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Hildegarde Flanner Papers, 1924-1984 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Flanner, Hildegarde, 1899-1987. Papers, 1920-1977. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Letters of Walter Arensberg, 1927-1954. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Janet Lewis talks to Hildegarde Flanner about her work : video, 1985. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Jean Burden Papers, 1931-1992 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abdullah, Achmed, 1881-1945. person
associatedWith Academy of American Poets. corporateBody
associatedWith Arensberg, Walter, 1878-1954. person
associatedWith Bender, Albert M. (Albert Maurice), 1866-1941. person
associatedWith Benét, William Rose, 1886-1950. person
associatedWith Bird, Grace V. person
associatedWith Bogan, Louise, 1897-1970. person
associatedWith Boyers, Robert. person
associatedWith Bradbury, Ray, 1920- person
correspondedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962 person
associatedWith Burden, Jean. person
associatedWith Bynner, Witter. person
associatedWith Bynner, Witter, 1881-1968. person
associatedWith Clapp, Frederick Mortimer, b. 1879. person
associatedWith Daby, James. person
associatedWith Danno, Yoko. person
associatedWith Dawson, James. person
associatedWith Everson, William, 1912-1994. person
associatedWith Field, Sara Bard, 1882-1974. person
associatedWith Fisher, M. F. K. (Mary Frances Kennedy), 1908-1992. person
associatedWith Flanner, Janet, 1892-1978. person
associatedWith Flanner, Mary E. person
associatedWith Garnett, Porter, 1871-1951. person
associatedWith Ginzburg, Natalia. person
associatedWith Greenhood, David. person
associatedWith Gregory, Marja. person
associatedWith Haerle, Elisabeth, ca. 1910- person
associatedWith Harper & Brothers. corporateBody
associatedWith Hawkins, Martha. person
associatedWith Hinkle, Ethel Hamilton, person
associatedWith Hubbell, Lindley Williams, 1901- person
associatedWith Hulme, Kathryn, 1900-1981. person
associatedWith Jeakins, Dorothy. person
associatedWith Joaillier Frères. corporateBody
associatedWith Lewis, Janet, 1899-1998. person
associatedWith Macmillan Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Marquis, Neeta. person
associatedWith McWilliams, Carey, 1905- person
associatedWith Miles, Josephine, 1911-1985. person
associatedWith Monroe, Harriet, 1860-1936. person
associatedWith Neff, Barbara. person
correspondedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Percival, Olive, 1869-1945. person
associatedWith Purrel, Idella. person
associatedWith Ritchie, George F. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, Jessie B. (Jessie Belle), 1869-1948. person
associatedWith Rood, Karen Lane. person
associatedWith Rorty, James, 1890-1973. person
associatedWith Saunders, Charles Francis, 1859-1941. person
associatedWith Solano, Solita, 1888-1975. person
associatedWith Stanford, Ann. person
associatedWith Sterling, George, 1869-1926, person
associatedWith Stone, Idella Purnell, 1901- person
associatedWith Taggard, Genevieve, 1894-1948. person
associatedWith Triem, Eve, 1902-1992 person
associatedWith Tudor Hall School (Indianapolis, Ind.) corporateBody
associatedWith Vonnegut, Eleanor Goodhall. person
associatedWith Walton, Eda Lou, 1894-1961. person
associatedWith Waroline. corporateBody
associatedWith Welch, Marie de L. person
associatedWith Welles, Winifred. person
associatedWith Wolff, Eleanor. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Indianapolis (Ind.)
Authors, American
American poetry
Poets, American
Poets, American
Poets, American
Women authors, American
Poetry, Modern
Women poets, American
Women poets, American


Birth 1899

Death 1987-05-27





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