Billy, the Kid, 1859-1881

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Billy the Kid (b. Henry McCarty, September 17 or November 23, 1859, Manhattan, New York City–d. July 14, 1881, Fort Sumner, NM) was also known as William H. Bonney. He was an American Old West outlaw and gunfighter. The exact date of his birth has been disputed as either September 17 or November 23.

As a child he moved to New Mexico; his mother died when he was 13. As an early teen McCarty was caught steeling bread, clothing, and guns. As a result he was jailed but escaped. He later lived in Arizona and worked as a ranch hand, and with others. stole horses from soldiers and became known as "Kid Antrim" because of his youth, slight build, clean-shaven appearance, and personality. He then joined the Regulators and took part in the Lincoln County War. In April 1878, the Regulators killed three men and in April 1881, McCarty (then known as Bonney) was tried and convicted of murder and sentenced to hang. He again escaped from jail killing two sheriff's deputies and evading capture for more than two months before eventually being killed at age 21.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn William A. Keleher Pictorial Collection, 1840-1970, 1880-1950 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Elfego Baca Collection, 1904-1945 (bulk 1934-1945) The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn John William Poe Papers, 1881-1940 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Belo (A. H. ) Foundation Photograph Collection 98-338., [1880?] - [1920?] Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Lincoln County Heritage Trust Collection, 1879-1986, 1879-1933 Fray Angélico Chávez History Library, New Mexico History Museum.
referencedIn Coe Family Papers, 1925-1984 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Miguel Antonio Otero Papers, 1819-1938 (bulk 1890-1938) The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn East, James H. Papers, 1882-1931 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn L. B. Hastings Photograph Collection, 1878 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Buckner Collection of Elizabeth Garrett Materials, 1893-1992 (bulk, 1965-1966) New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
referencedIn Marshall Bond Photograph Collection, 1880-1926 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Frank W. Parker Papers, 1880-1933 New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
referencedIn Marshall Bond Collection, 1926-1954, (bulk 1926-1927, 1954) The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn John Donald Robb Photograph Collection, 1950-1990 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Maxwell Land Grant Company Photograph Collection, 1870-1920 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Earl Alonzo Brininstool Collection, 1850-1945 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn William A. Keleher Papers, 1714-1999, 1915-1972 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Poe, John. W. Items 70-33., 1905-1917 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn Lily Klasner papers, 1862-1946 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Lincoln County, N.M. Collection, 1885-1976 Fray Angélico Chávez History Library, New Mexico History Museum.
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Billy the Kid Trail - Billy the Kid United States. National Archives and Records Administration
Relation Name
associatedWith Belo, A. H. Foundation corporateBody
associatedWith Bond, Marshall, 1867-1941 person
associatedWith Brininstool, Earl Alonzo person
associatedWith Buckner, Goldie Rouse person
associatedWith Coe family family
associatedWith East, James H., 1853-1930 person
associatedWith Hasting, L. B. person
associatedWith Keleher, William Aloysius, 1886-1972 person
associatedWith Klasner, Lily, 1862-1946 person
associatedWith Maxwell Land Grant Company corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of New Mexico. Fray Angélico Chávez History Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Otero, Miguel Antonio, 1859-1944 person
associatedWith Parker, Frank W. person
associatedWith Poe, John W., 1850-1923 person
associatedWith Poe, John William, 1850-1923 person
associatedWith Robb, J. D. (John Donald), 1892- person
associatedWith University of New Mexico corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Fort Sumner NM US
Manhattan NY US
Subject
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1859-11-23

Death 1881-07-14

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Ark ID: w6hz22s1

SNAC ID: 83706828