Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950

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Educator and historian.

From the description of Carter Godwin Woodson papers, 1922-1941. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 741968475

Considered the Father of Black History, Carter Godwin Woodson was an African-American historian, author, and journalist. In 1915 he founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, and in 1926 he pioneered the concept of a "Negro History Week," which was later expanded into Black History Month. Charles H. Wesley was an African-American historian, author, and college president.

From the description of Carter Godwin Woodson correspondence with Charles H. Wesley, 1925-1950. (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 313656571

Carter Godwin Woodson (December 19, 1875-April 3, 1950) was one of the foremost African American intellectuals of the 20th century. Educated at Berea College and the University of Chicago, he was the second person of African descent to earn a PhD in history from Harvard University. Affectionately regarded as the "Father of Negro History," he founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in 1915 and the Journal of Negro History in 1916. In 1921 he created Associated Publishers, which became the leading African-American-owned publishing firm producing scholarly books, novels, poetry, and children's and young adult books for the African American community and the general public. He created Negro History Week (now known as Black History Month) in 1926 and the Negro History Bulletin in 1937 to promote the teaching of African American history, the work to which he devoted his life.

From the description of Carter Godwin Woodson collection, 1876-1999. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 232674445

Biographical Note

Carter Godwin Woodson

  • 1875, Dec. 19: Born, New Canton, Va.
  • 1903: Litt. B., Berea College, Berea, Ky.
  • 1907: A.B., University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1908: A.M., University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1908 - 1918 : High school teacher, Washington, D.C.
  • 1912: Ph.D., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1916 - 1950 : Executive director, Association for the Study of Negro Life and History Editor, Journal of Negro History
  • 1918: Published A Century of Negro Migration. Washington, D.C.: Association for the Study of Negro Life and History
  • 1918 - 1919 : Principal, Armstrong Manual Training School, Washington, D.C.
  • 1919 - 1920 : Dean, School of Liberal Arts, Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • 1920 - 1922 : Dean, West Virginia Collegiate Institute, Institute, W.Va.
  • 1922: Published The Negro in Our History. Washington, D.C.: Associated Publishers
  • 1926: Published The Mind of the Negro as Reflected in Letters Written during the Crisis, 1800-1860. Washington, D.C.: Association for the Study of Negro Life and History
  • 1936: Published The African Background Outlined; or, Handbook for the Study of the Negro. Washington, D.C.: Association for the Study of Negro Life and History
  • 1937 - 1950 : Editor, Negro History Bulletin
  • 1950, Apr. 3: Died, Washington, D.C.

Whitefield McKinlay

  • 1857, Sept. 15: Born, Charleston, S.C.
  • 1873: Attended Avery Institute, Charleston, S.C.
  • 1874: Attended United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y.
  • 1882: Attended Grinnell College, Grinnell, Iowa
  • 1887: Attended University of South Carolina, Columbia, S.C. Married Kate Wheeler
  • 1887 - 1941 : Real estate broker
  • 1907: Appointed to Housing Commission, District of Columbia, by President Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1910: Appointed collector of Port of Washington, D.C., by President William H. Taft
  • 1941, Dec. 14: Died, Washington, D.C.

Benjamin T. Tanner

  • 1835, Dec. 23: Born, Pittsburgh, Pa.
  • 1852 - 1857 : Attended Avery College, Allegheny, Pa.
  • 1857 - 1860 : Attended Western Theological Seminary, Allegheny, Pa.
  • 1858: Married Sarah Elizabeth Miller
  • 1860: Ordained, deacon and elder, African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • 1868: Chief secretary, African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • 1868 - 1884 : Editor, Christian Recorder
  • 1884: Editor and cofounder, A.M.E. Church Review
  • 1888: Bishop, African Methodist Episcopal Church
  • 1923, Jan. 15: Died, Philadelphia, Pa.

John T. Clark

  • 1883, July 21: Born, Louisville, Ky.
  • 1906: A.B., Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
  • 1907 - 1913 : Instructor, Central High School, Louisville, Ky.
  • 1913 - 1916 : Secretary, Housing Bureau of the National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes, New York, N.Y.
  • 1916 - 1917 : Field secretary, National Urban League
  • 1917: Married Patricia Ferguson
  • 1917 - 1926 : Executive secretary, Urban League of Pittsburgh, Pa.
  • 1926 - 1949 : Executive secretary, Urban League of St. Louis, Mo.
  • 1949: Died, St. Louis, Mo.

From the guide to the Carter Godwin Woodson Papers, 1736-1974, (bulk 1915-1950), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

  • 1875 Dec. 19: Born of ex-slave parentage in New Canton, Va.
  • 1892: Moved to Huntington, West Va.
  • 1895: Entered Douglass High School, Huntington, West Va.
  • 1903: Received Litt. B. Degree from Berea College in Kentucky.
  • 1903 - 1906 : Served as Supervisor of schools in the Philippines.
  • 1908 Mar. 17: Received B.A. Degree from the University of Chicago.
  • 1908 Aug. 28: Received M.A. Degree from the University of Chicago.
  • 1912: Received Ph.D. Degree from Harvard.
  • 1915 Sept. 9: Organized and founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in Chicago, Ill.
  • 1916 Jan.1: Published the first issue of the Journal of Negro History.
  • 1918: Appointed Principal of Armstrong High School, Washington, D.C.
  • 1919 - 1920 : Served as Dean of the School of Liberal Arts at Howard University.
  • 1920 - 1922 : Served as Dean of West Virginia Institute (now West Virginia State College)
  • 1926: Received the Spingarn Medal
  • 1926: Inaugurated Negro History Week
  • 1937 October: Published the first I of Negro History Bulletin.
  • 1941: Received LL. D. Degree from Virginia State College.
  • 1950 April 3: Died in Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Carter G. Woodson Papers, 1922-1941, (Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn William LePre Houston Family Papers, 1777-1936, (bulk 1890-1936) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Logan, Floyd L., 1901-1978. Papers, 1922-1978. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Weaver, Robert C. (Robert Clifton), 1907-1997. Robert Clifton Weaver papers, 1869-1970, 1923-1970 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Mary Church Terrell Papers, 1851-1962, (bulk 1886-1954) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Cook, Vivian Elma Johnson, 1889-1977. Vivian Johnson Cook papers, 1903-1977. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Brawley, Benjamin Griffith, 1882-1939. Benjamin Griffith Brawley papers, 1917-1936. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
creatorOf Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950. Carter Godwin Woodson collection, 1876-1999. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Robinson, Armstead L. Papers of Armstead Robinson [manuscript], ca. 1964-1995. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial. Archives. 1918-1930. Rockefeller Archive Center, Rockefeller University, Pocantico Hills
creatorOf Johnson, Mordecai W. (Mordecai Wyatt), 1890-1976. Papers, 1913-1976. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Lorenzo Johnston Greene Papers, 1680-1988, (bulk 1933-1972) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Greene, Lorenzo J. (Lorenzo Johnston), 1899-1988. Papers, 1680-1988 (bulk 1933-1972). Library of Congress
referencedIn Abel Doysié Papers, 1910-1967, (bulk 1920-1962) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Harrison, Hubert H. Hubert H. Harrison papers, 1893-1927. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Houston, William LePre. William LePre Houston family papers, 1777-1936 (bulk 1890-1936). Library of Congress
referencedIn Arnett, Benjamin William, 1838-1906. Benjamin Arnett papers, 1869-[ongoing]. Wilberforce University, Stokes Library
referencedIn Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960 (inclusive), 1892-1958 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Barnes, Thomas H.,. Letters to Thomas H. Barnes from the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History and The Associated Publishers, 1927-1929. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. Mary Church Terrell papers, 1851-1962 (bulk 1886-1954). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bond, Julian, 1940-. Julian Bond papers [manuscript], 1968-2010. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Moorland, Jesse Edward, 1863-1940. Papers, ca. 1790-ca. 1939. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Greene, Lorenzo J. (Lorenzo Johnston), 1899-1988. Lorenzo Johnston Greene papers, 1680-1988 (bulk 1933-1972). Library of Congress
creatorOf Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950. Letter : Washington, D.C., to Augusta Baker, [New York Public Library, New York, N.Y.], 1941 Jan. 24. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Robert C. Weaver papers, 1869-1970, 1923-1970 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Bruce, Roscoe Conkling, 1879-1952. Roscoe Conkling Bruce papers, 1897-1924. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962. William Stanley Braithwaite collection, 1899-1939. Morgan State University
referencedIn Arthur Alfonso Schomburg papers, 1724-1938, 1904-1938 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
creatorOf Carter G. Woodson Papers, 1922-1941 Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
referencedIn Callis, Myra Colson, 1892-1979. Myra C. Callis papers, 1830-1978. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Goodloe family. Goodloe family papers, 1910-1988. Bowie State University, Thurgood Marshall Library
creatorOf Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950. Carter G. Woodson collection of Negro papers and related documents, 1803-1936 (inclusive), 1830-1927 (bulk), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Anson Phelps Stokes family papers, 1761-1960, 1892-1958 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Carter Godwin Woodson Papers, 1736-1974, (bulk 1915-1950) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. Mary Church Terrell papers, 1851-1962 (inclusive), 1886-1954 (bulk) [microform]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950. Carter Godwin Woodson papers, 1922-1941. Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
creatorOf Wood, L. Hollingsworth (Levi Hollingsworth), 1874-1956. L. Hollingsworth Wood papers, 1903-1953. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Karamu House. Karamu House records, 1914-1979. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Doysié, Abel, 1886-1973. Abel Doysié papers, 1910-1967 (bulk 1920-1962). Library of Congress
creatorOf Eppse, Merl R. (Merl Raymond), b. 1893. Merl R. Eppse papers, 1927-1961. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso, 1874-1938. Arthur Alfonso Schomburg papers, 1724-1938 (bulk 1904-1938) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Bruce, Philip Alexander, 1856-1933. Papers regarding Philip Alexander Bruce's historical writings and personal correspondence: [manuscript], 1889-1940. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950. Carter Godwin Woodson correspondence with Charles H. Wesley, 1925-1950. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Dillard, Avarene Lippincott. Papers of the Dillard family, 1717-1964. University of Virginia. Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith African Methodist Episcopal Church. corporateBody
associatedWith Arnett, Benjamin William, 1838-1906. person
associatedWith Associated Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith Association for the Study of African-American Life and History. corporateBody
associatedWith Association for the Study of Negro Life and History, Inc. corporateBody
correspondedWith Bond, Horace Mann, 1904-1972 person
associatedWith Bond, Julian, 1940- person
correspondedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962. person
associatedWith Brawley, Benjamin Griffith, 1882-1939. person
correspondedWith Brown, Sterling Allen, 1901-1989 person
associatedWith Bruce, John Edward. person
associatedWith Bruce, Philip Alexander, 1856-1933. person
correspondedWith Bruce, Roscoe Conkling, 1879-1952. person
correspondedWith Callis, Myra Colson, 1892-1979. person
associatedWith Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. person
associatedWith Clark, John T., 1883-1949. person
correspondedWith Cook, Vivian Elma Johnson, 1889-1977. person
associatedWith Crum, William D. person
associatedWith Crum, William Demos, 1859-1912 person
correspondedWith Dabney, Wendell Phillips, 1865-1952 person
correspondedWith Daly, Victor person
associatedWith Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. person
correspondedWith Doysié, Abel, 1886-1973. person
correspondedWith Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 person
correspondedWith Durkee, J. Stanley (James Stanley), 1866-1951 person
associatedWith Eppse, Merl R. (Merl Raymond), b. 1893. person
associatedWith Fifteenth Street Presbyterian Church (Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Fleetwood, Christian A. person
associatedWith Fortune, Timothy Thomas, 1856-1928. person
correspondedWith Franklin, John Hope, 1915-2009 person
correspondedWith Frazier, Edward Franklin, 1894-1962 person
correspondedWith Goodloe family. family
associatedWith Greene, Lorenzo J. (Lorenzo Johnston), 1899-1988. person
associatedWith Greener, Richard Theodore. person
associatedWith Grimké, Francis J. (Francis James), 1850-1937 person
associatedWith Harrison, Hubert H. person
correspondedWith Henderson, Edwin Bancroft, 1883-1977 person
correspondedWith Houston, Charles Hamilton, 1895-1950 person
correspondedWith Houston, William LePre. person
correspondedWith Jackson, Luther B. person
associatedWith Johnson, Mordecai W. (Mordecai Wyatt), 1890-1976. person
associatedWith Karamu House. corporateBody
associatedWith Laura Spelman Rockefeller Memorial. corporateBody
associatedWith Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1850-1924. person
associatedWith Logan, Floyd L., 1901-1978. person
correspondedWith Logan, Rayford Whittingham, 1897-1982 person
associatedWith Lynch, John R. (John Roy), 1847-1939. person
associatedWith McCormick, Medill, 1877-1925. person
associatedWith McKay, Claude, 1890-1948 person
associatedWith McKinlay, Whitefield, 1857-1941. person
correspondedWith Moore, Lewis B. (Lewis Baxter), 1866- person
associatedWith Moorland, Jesse Edward, 1863-1940. person
associatedWith Phelps-Stokes Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Revels, Hiram Rhoades, 1827?-1901. person
associatedWith Robinson, Armstead L. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
correspondedWith Rosemond, Jules, 1874-1928 person
associatedWith Rosenwald, Julius, 1862-1932. person
associatedWith Schomburg, Arthur Alfonso, 1874-1938. person
associatedWith Scott, Emmett J. (Emmett Jay), 1873-1957. person
correspondedWith Simkins, Francis Butler, 1897-1966 person
associatedWith Smalls, Robert, 1839-1915. person
correspondedWith Spingarn, Arthur B. (Arthur Barnett), 1878-1971 person
associatedWith Starr, Frederick, 1826-1867. person
associatedWith Starr, Frederick, 1858-1933 person
associatedWith Stokes, Anson Phelps, 1874-1958. person
associatedWith Stone, Melville E., b. 1875. person
associatedWith Stone, Melville Elijah, 1848-1929 person
correspondedWith Sweet, William Warren, 1881-1959 person
associatedWith Tanner, Benj. T. (Benjamin Tucker), 1835-1923. person
correspondedWith Taylor, Alrutheus Ambush person
associatedWith Terrell, Mary Church, 1863-1954. person
associatedWith United States. Army. Regiment, 368th. corporateBody
associatedWith Urban League of Pittsburgh. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. person
associatedWith Weaver, Robert C. (Robert Clifton), 1907-1997. person
associatedWith Wesley, Charles H. (Charles Harris), 1891-1987. person
associatedWith Wood, L. Hollingsworth (Levi Hollingsworth), 1874-1956. person
correspondedWith Yancey, Bessie Woodson, b. 1882 person
associatedWith Young, Charles. person
associatedWith Young, Charles, 1864-1922 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Africa
Southern States
United States history
West Virginia--Huntington
United States
Huntington (W. Va.)
United States
United States
Subject
African Americans--Employment
African Americans--History--Sources
Customs administration--Washington (D.C.)
Dwellings
African American historians--20th century--Correspondence
Race relations
Slavery--United States
African Americans--Societies, etc
Black race--Encyclopedias
Blacks
Blacks--South America
Railroads--Employees--Labor unions
Blacks--Caribbean Area
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
African Americans--Study and teaching
Ports of entry--Washington (D.C.)
African Americans
Blacks--Africa
Blacks--20th century--Sources
African American periodicals
African American History Month--History--Sources
African Americans--History
State governments--United States
Real estate business--Washington (D.C.)
World War, 1914-1918
Race discrimination
African American publishers
African Americans--Social life and customs
Occupation
Authors
Collector
Historians
Function

Person

Birth 1875-12-19

Death 1950-04-03

Americans

English

Information

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