Fortune, Timothy Thomas, 1856-1928

Variant names

Hide Profile

T. Thomas Fortune was the foremost African-American journalist of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He served as an editor, publisher, writer, orator and civil rights leader, using his position at a series of black newspapers in New York City as the leading spokesman and defender of the rights of African Americans in both the South and the North.

Fortune's journalism career began in Florida, he moved to New York in 1881, and founded the "New York Freeman" in 1884 (renamed the "New York Age" in 1887). His book, "Black and White: Land, Labor and Politics in the South" was published in 1884. Fortune was known for his editorials that condemned discrimination, lynching, mob violence, and disenfranchisement, and for his uncompromising demand for full equality for all African Americans. He was also one of the few African Americans to be a frequent contributor to major white newspapers, writing for the "New York Sun and the "Boston Transcript."

From the description of T. Thomas Fortune scrapbook, 1889-1904 (bulk 1890-1899) (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 650530273

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Carter Godwin Woodson Papers, 1736-1974, (bulk 1915-1950) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Green, John Patterson, b. 1845. Papers of John Patterson Green, 1869-1910. Library of Congress
referencedIn Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. Papers of Booker T. Washington: series 1-4, 1864-1960 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Black journalists, then & now [manuscript], 1986-1987. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. Booker T. Washington papers, 1903-1916. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. Papers of Booker T. Washington: series 1-6, 1864-1960 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Douglass, Frederick, c. 1817-1895. Papers, 1841-1967 (bulk 1862-1895) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Carter G. Woodson collection of Negro papers and related documents, 1803-1936 (inclusive), 1830-1927 (bulk), [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Douglass, Frederick, c. 1817-1895. Papers, 1841-1967 (bulk 1862-1895) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bruce, John Edward, 1856-1924. John Edward Bruce papers, 1872-1927. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Bowser, Aubrey Howard, 1886-1979. Aubrey Bowser papers, 1885-1943. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn John Edward Bruce papers, 1872-1927 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Booker T. Washington Papers, 1853-1946, (bulk 1900-1915) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Fortune, Timothy Thomas, 1856-1928. T. Thomas Fortune scrapbook, 1889-1904 (bulk 1890-1899) New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Robinson, Magnus L. Papers, 1888-1914. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Aubrey Howard Bowser papers, 1885-1943 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Douglass, Frederick, c. 1817-1895. Papers, 1841-1967 (bulk 1862-1895) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Bowser, Aubrey Howard, 1886-1979. person
associatedWith Bruce, John Edward, 1856-1924. person
associatedWith Crummell, Alexander, 1819-1898 person
associatedWith Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895. person
associatedWith Green, John Patterson, b. 1845. person
associatedWith McFarlane, Bryan, person
associatedWith Robinson, Magnus L. person
associatedWith Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915. person
associatedWith Woodson, Carter Godwin, 1875-1950. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Subject
African American journalists
African Americans--Social conditions
Newspaper editors
African American newspapers
African Americans--Social life and customs
African American authors
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1856-10-03

Death 1928-06-02

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65h96nz

Ark ID: w65h96nz

SNAC ID: 16770055