Rosenberg, Alfred, 1893-1946

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German national socialist leader.

From the description of Alfred Rosenberg memorandum, 1939. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754867808

Biographical/Historical Note

German national socialist leader.

From the guide to the Alfred Rosenberg memorandum, 1939, (Hoover Institution Archives)

Representatives of the United States, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and France organized the International Military Tribunal (IMT) in 1945 to try cases against twenty-four Nazi leaders: Martin Bormann, Karl Dönitz, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Hans Fritzsche, Walter Funk, Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Alfred Jodl, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Wilhelm Keitel, Gustav Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, Robert Ley, Konstantin von Neurath, Franz von Papen, Erich Räder, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Alfred Rosenberg, Fritz Sauckel, Horace Greely Hjalmar Schacht, Baldur von Schirach, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Albert Speer, and Julius Streicher. Between 20 November 1945 and 1 October 1946 the IMT was convened, and verdicts were handed down on 30 September and 1 October 1946. The verdicts resulted in twelve death-by-hanging sentences, seven life terms, and three acquittals.

ROSENBERG, Alfred: Born in Revel (now Tallinn) in Estonia, Rosenberg was of Baltic German descent. He fled to Germany in 1918. There he joined the pan-Germanic and occult Thule Society. He spread his antisemitic and anti - Bolshevik views through such works as Die Spur der Juden im Wandel der Zeiten (The Track of the Jews through the Ages [1919]) and Unmoral im Talmud (Immorality in the Talmud [1919]) . In his popular work, Der Mythos des 20. Jahrhunderts (The Myth of the Twentieth Century [1935]), he argued that race was the main influence that shaped all aspects of culture and that Teutonic honor and religion should replace the traditional Judeo-Christian emphasis on compassion and weakness. Impressing Hitler with his theories of a Judeo-Bolshevik Masonic world conspiracy, Rosenberg climbed the ranks of the National Socialist German Workers' Party. As the editor of the main Nazi paper Völkischer Beobachter and head of the Foreign Policy Department, Rosenberg worked to systematize Nazi philosophy and ideology as head of the Foreign Policy Department. In 1946, the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg sentenced him to death. He died by hanging on 16 October 1946.

From the guide to the International Military Tribunal, Records, 1923-1947

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf International Military Tribunal. Collection. 1923-1947. University of Nebraska - Lincoln
creatorOf Boas, Franz, 1858-1942. Pamphlets collection, 1919-1983 (bulk 1938-1946). Holocaust Center of Northern California, Holocaust Library and Research Center
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Verschiedene ältere Manuskripte AR]
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Draft Speeches by Alfred Rosenberg]
creatorOf Hartmann, Waldemar. Waldemar Hartmann letter, 1933, to Alfred Rosenberg. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Reichskommissariat für das Ostland. Selected records from the Latvian Central State Historical Archive - Riga Records relating to confiscation of property and refugees in Ostland (R69-1A-4) memoranda lists telegrams orders. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Ausschnitte aus dem quot;Mythus des XX. Jahrhundertsquot;]
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Handwritten Alfred Rosenberg Diary for the 14 May, 1934 - 18 March, 1935 Time Period]
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Copies of Alfred Rosenberg Material Located in File 1749-PS]
referencedIn Stutz, Rolf,. Stutz collection, 1928-1944 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf International Military Tribunal, Records, 1923-1947 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library
referencedIn Reichskommissariat für das Ostland. Selected records from the Latvian Central State Historical Archive - Riga Records relating to schools, universities, and educators, 1941-1944 (R69-1A-12) memoranda reports lists booklet. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [quot;Thesen aus dem 'Mythus'quot;]
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Diary of Alfred Rosenberg from 2. January - 7. May 1940]
referencedIn Holland, Charlton Gilmore, 1911-. Papers, 1937-1958. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Donovan, William J. (William Joseph), 1883-1959,. Nuremberg trials archive, 1933-1946. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Generalkommissariat Riga. Selected records from the Latvian Central State Historical Archive - Riga orders reports lists memoranda. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn Holland, C. G. (Charlton Gilmore), 1911-. Papers of Charlton Gilmore Holland [manuscript], 1937-1958. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Tory, Avraham. Nazzi [sic] War Criminals on Trial, November 1945 - October 1946, Court of History, the Last Fashist [sic] Defense Line scrapbook of sketches. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [quot;Vorwortquot;]
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Copies of Essays]
referencedIn Albrecht, Ralph Gerhart, 1896-. Notebook, March 8-May 10, 1946. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Auszüge aus dem quot;Mythusquot;]
referencedIn Felton (Frederick) Nuremberg Trials Collection, 1945-1946 University of the Pacific. Library. Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections
referencedIn Papers of the International Military Tribunal and the Nuremberg Military Tribunals, 1945-1949 University of Southampton Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Essays]
creatorOf Alfred Rosenberg memorandum, 1939 Hoover Institution Archives.
creatorOf Rosenberg, Alfred, 1893-1946. Alfred Rosenberg memorandum, 1939. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Waldemar Hartmann letter to Alfred Rosenberg, undated Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Felton, Frederick. Nuremberg Trial documents, 1945-1946. University of the Pacific, William Knox Holt Memorial Library
referencedIn National Archives Collection of World War II War Crimes Records. 1933 - 1949. United States Evidence Files. 1945 - 1946. 1749-PS [Entwürfe A. R. - Essays Alfred Rosenberg]
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Albrecht, Ralph Gerhart, 1896- person
associatedWith Bormann, Martin, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Die National Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiter Partei/The National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) corporateBody
associatedWith Donovan, William J. (William Joseph), 1883-1959, person
associatedWith Felton, Frederick. person
associatedWith Frederick Felton person
associatedWith Furtwängler, Wilhelm, 1886-1954 person
associatedWith Generalkommissariat Riga. corporateBody
associatedWith Göbbels, Joseph, 1897-1945 person
associatedWith Göring, Hermann, 1893-1946 person
associatedWith Hartmann, Waldemar. person
associatedWith Hartmann, Waldemar. person
associatedWith Himmler, Heinrich, 1900-1945 person
associatedWith Hindemeth, Paul, 1895-1963 person
associatedWith Hitler, Adolf, 1889-1945 person
associatedWith Hoess, Rudolf, 1900-1947 person
associatedWith Holland, C. G. (Charlton Gilmore), 1911- person
associatedWith International Military Tribunal. corporateBody
associatedWith International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg) corporateBody
associatedWith Kimsley, Lord. person
associatedWith Kimsley, Lord. person
associatedWith Lammers, Hans Heinrich, 1879-1962 person
associatedWith Ley, Robert, 1890-1945 person
associatedWith Orff, Carl, 1895-1982 person
associatedWith Reichskommissariat für das Ostland. corporateBody
associatedWith Reichskommissariat für das Ostland. corporateBody
associatedWith Ribbentropp, Joachim von, 1893-1946 person
associatedWith Seyss-Inquart, Arthur, 1892-1946 person
associatedWith Strauss, Richard, 1864-1949 person
associatedWith Stutz, Rolf, person
associatedWith Tory, Avraham. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Germany Foreign relations Great Britain.
Germany
Great Britain
Church and state
Great Britain Foreign relations Germany.
Subject
Jews--Germany
Socialists--Germany
Germany--Nazi
Nuremberg Trial
Germany--Religion - 1933-1945
National socialism
Germany--Politics and government--1918-1933
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1893-01-12

Death 1946-10-16

Germans

German,

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 8077378