Padmore, George, 1902-1959

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George Padmore was one of a number of talented West Indians who helped shape African events in the 20th century, and he played a crucial role in developing the Fifth, and most important, Pan African Congress, intended to address the issues facing Africa due to European colonization of much of the continent. Padmore was also instrumental in organizing black labor movements from the 1930s onwards.

From the description of George Padmore collection, 1933-1945. (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 243782843

George Padmore was born in Arouca, Trinidad in 1903 and died in London on September 24, 1959 after being flown there for medical care from Accra, Ghana where he lived. Padmore received his early education in Trinidad and worked there for 2 years as a journalist at the Trinidad Guardian newspaper. He later became a student at Fisk University in Tennessee, where he earned a B.A. He continued his studies at Howard University, and earned a law degree. It was while attending Howard that he became associated with the Communist Party.

Padmore held many positions in the Communist Party in Russia and Germany. While holding these positions he travelled throughout Europe and Africa. In 1934 Padmore was removed from his position as editor of "The Negro Worker", (a publication of the Communist Party published in Germany) by the Hitler regime, imprisoned for 6 months, then deported to Great Britain. It was subsequent to this that he severed his ties with the Communist Party. In 1945 Padmore assisted Kwame Nkrumah in organizing the first Pan-African Congress in Manchester, England. In 1957 Nkrumah invited Padmore to relocate to Ghana and become his advisor. This position delegated to him the responsibilities of systematizing and coordinating the liberation movements of Africa and the formation of the African Liberation Movement

From the description of George Padmore letters, 1930-1945. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122485891

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn George Padmore collection, 1924-2003. The Alma Jordan Library, The University of the West Indies, Saint Augustine, Main Library, The University of the West Indies, Saint Augustine
referencedIn Berger, Y. Erinnerung an Georg Padmuah [sic] 1928-1932 : typescript, 1967. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Ruth Fischer papers, 1925-1961 (inclusive) 1940-1961 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Richard Wright papers, 1927-1978 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Louise Morgan and Otto Theis papers, 1903-1983 (inclusive, 1930-1960 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson), 1904-1971. Ralph Bunche papers, 1922-1988. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Wright, Richard, 1908-1960. Richard Wright papers, 1927-1978. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Sherwood, Marika,. Kwame Nkrumah research collection, 1991-1996. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Padmore, George, 1902-1959. George Padmore letters, 1930-1945. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Ralph Bunche papers, 1922-1988 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Communist International. Negro Commission. Documents from the Comintern Archives on African Americans, 1919-1929 New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Nkrumah, Kwame, 1909-1972. Papers, 1955-1987 (bulk 1965-1974). Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
creatorOf James, C. L. R. (Cyril Lionel Robert), 1901-1989. C.L.R. James Collection, 1936-1989 (bulk 1950-1989). The Alma Jordan Library, The University of the West Indies, Saint Augustine, Main Library, The University of the West Indies, Saint Augustine
referencedIn Garvey, Amy Jacques. Amy Garvey memorial collection on Marcus Garvey, 1776-1971. Lincoln Memorial University Library, Carnegie-Vincent Library
referencedIn Y. Berger typescript : Erinnerung an Georg Padmuah [sic], 1967 Hoover Institution Archives.
referencedIn Morgan, Louise. Louise Morgan and Otto Theis papers 1903-1983 (bulk 1930-1960). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Padmore, George, 1903-1959. George Padmore collection, 1933-1945. Princeton University Library
referencedIn American Committee on Africa. Archives 1948-1988. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith American Committee on Africa. corporateBody
associatedWith Berger, Y. person
associatedWith Berger, Y. person
associatedWith Bunche, Ralph J. (Ralph Johnson), 1904-1971. person
associatedWith Carnegie Corporation of New York corporateBody
associatedWith Communist International. Negro Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Fischer, Ruth, 1895- person
correspondedWith Garvey, Amy Jacques. person
associatedWith James, C. L. R. (Cyril Lionel Robert), 1901-1989. person
correspondedWith Moon, Henry Lee, 1901- person
associatedWith Morgan, Louise. person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Nkrumah, Kwame, 1909-1972. person
associatedWith Pan African Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith Sherwood, Marika, person
associatedWith Wright, Richard, 1908-1960. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Soviet Union
Subject
Pan--Africanism
Communism History 20th century
Blacks--Nazi persecution
African American communists
African American editors
African Americans--Social conditions
Blacks--Civil rights
Race discrimination--History--20th century--Sources
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1903-06-28

Death 1959-09-23

Male

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 52464168