Obregón, Álvaro, 1880-1928

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Álvaro Obregón (b. Feb. 19, 1880, Navojoa, Sonora, Mexico–d. July 17, 1928, Mexico City, Mexico) was a Mexican general and later President of Mexico. As a child he worked on his family farm and later became a successful chickpea farmer and inventor.

In 1912, Obregón joined the Fourth Irregular Battalion of Sonora, organized under the command of General Sanginés to oppose Pascual Orozco's revolt and rose up the ranks; by 1913 the entire area of Northwestern Mexico under Obregón's command. Obregón supported Sonora's decision to follow Governor of Coahuila Venustiano Carranza as leader of a revolution against the Huerta regime. Carranza appointed Obregón commander of the revolutionary forces in northwestern Mexico and in 1915 appointed him as his minister of war. In 1920, Obregón lead a revolt against Carranza, in which Carranza was assassinated.

In 1920 Obregón was elected President and it was the first stable presidency since the Mexican Revolution. As president, he oversaw educational and land reforms and enacted labor laws. He stepped down in 1924 after successfully crushing a rebellion. In 1928 he was elected for a second term but was assassinated by José de León Toral.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Jose Maria Maytorena papers, 1882-1946, 1910-1940 Claremont Colleges. Library. Special Collections, Honnold/Mudd Library.
referencedIn Monday, Henry Albert, 1876-1942. The Henry A. Monday collection, 1522-1935. Library of Congress
referencedIn Wilkie, James Wallace. Interviews with Mexican political figures : typescript, 1969-1973. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Collection on Álvaro Obregón, circa 1920 Rivera Library. Special Collections Department.
referencedIn Golson, B. Letters and documents concerning border relations between the United States and Mexico : El Paso, Texas : DS, 1916 May 2-11. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Wilkie, James Wallace. Oral history interviews with Mexican political leaders and other personalities : Mexico, 1964-1965. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Maytorena, José María, 1867-1948. José María Maytorena papers, 1882-1949 (bulk 1910-1940) [microform]. The Claremont Colleges, Claremont University Consortium
referencedIn Records of Boundary and Claims Commissions and Arbitrations. 1716 - 1994. General Records
referencedIn Carranza, Venustiano, 1859-1920. Venustiano Carranza papers, 1912-1916. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Maytorena, José María, 1867-1948. José María Maytorena papers, 1882-1949 (bulk 1886-1940). The Claremont Colleges, Claremont University Consortium
referencedIn Weinberger, Harry, 1888-. Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1944 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Linda Tays Dunn Photograph Collection 94-013., ca. 1860-1989 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Obregón, Alvaro, 1880-1928. The Correspondence between Alvaro Obregon and Plutarco Calles [microform]. University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Martin, Herman, 1894-1986. Herman Martin memoirs, ca. 1965-1986 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Philip S. Hench Walter Reed Yellow Fever Collection, circa 1800-circa 1998, bulk 1863-1974 Historical Collections, Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia
referencedIn Dunn, Linda Tays. Linda Tays Dunn Photograph Collection, ca. 1860-1989. University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Photographs from the Genaro García Collection 29763305., 19th-20th Century Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Kettlewell, Frank. Editorial cartoons pertaining to the Mexican Revolution [graphic] / drawn by Frank Kettlewell. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Herman Martin memoirs, Circa 1965-1986 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn G. y S., J. Quién es el General Don Álvaro Obregón. Algunos datos sobre su vida militar. Antecedentes de su vida política. Varios artículos sobre su campaña reeleccionista para la presidencia de la república. Dura lex, o Consideraciones sobre la tragedia de la Bombilla : Mexico : typescript, [ca. 1927-1928]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn John W. F. Dulles Papers Relating to Mexico BENSON-MS DULLES. 32870386., 1798-1961 (bulk 1950-1959) Benson Latin American Collection, The University of Texas at Austin
referencedIn Dulles, John W. F. John W.F. Dulles papers relating to Mexico, 1798-1961 (bulk 1950-1959). University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Calles, Plutarco Elías, 1877-1945. person
associatedWith Carranza, Venustiano, 1859-1920. person
associatedWith Carter, Henry Rose, 1852-1925 person
associatedWith Dulles, John W. F. person
associatedWith Dunn, Linda Tays person
associatedWith Dunn, Linda Tays. person
associatedWith García, Genaro, 1867-1920 person
associatedWith Golson, B. person
associatedWith G. y S., J. person
associatedWith Hench, Philip S. (Philip Showalter), 1896-1965 person
associatedWith Huerta, Adolfo ˜de laœ 1881-1955 person
associatedWith Jose Maria Maytorena person
associatedWith Kean, Jefferson Randolph, 1860-1950 person
associatedWith Kettlewell, Frank. person
associatedWith Lazear, Jesse William, 1866-1900 person
associatedWith Martin, Herman, 1894-1986. person
associatedWith Maytorena, José María, 1867-1948. person
associatedWith Monday, Henry Albert, 1876-1942. person
associatedWith Morones, Luis N. person
associatedWith Reed, Walter, 1851-1902 person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Vasconcelos, José. person
associatedWith Villa, Pancho, 1878-1923 person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Weinberger, Harry, 1888- person
associatedWith Wilkie, James Wallace. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Alamos 26 MX
Mexico City 09 MX
Subject
Calles, Plutarco Elias--1877-1945
Obregon, Alvaro--1880-1928
Mexico History--1910-1945
Occupation
Presidents
Function

Person

Birth 1880-02-19

Death 1928-07-17

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6j78615

SNAC ID: 83877519