Leyden, John, 1775-1811

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c 1784 shepherd, Henlawshiel; 1787-1790 student of the Reverend James Duncan, covenanting pastor; 1790-1797 student at Edinburgh University; 1797-1798 preacher, St Andrews; 1800 accompanied a pair of German tourists to the Scottish highlands and the Hebrides; 1803-1805 assistant surgeon, Madras; 1805 prepared a report on the geology, diseases, crops and languages of the Mysore provinces; 1806 settled in Calcutta, India; c 1807-1809 judge of the twenty-four parganas of Calcutta; 1809 commissioner, the court of requests, Calcutta; 1810 assay-master of the mint, Calcutta; 1811 accompanied Lord Minto to Java as assistant and interpreter of the Malay language.

Epithet: linguist and poet

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000361.0x00027f

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Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn DIALOGUES and vocabularies of the Bhagulpúr Hill language; by R. Turner and others. Paper. Folio.R-Turner: Dialogues and vocabularies of the Bhagulpúr language: 19th cent.Dictionaries: Vocabularies of the Bhagulpúr Hill language, by R. Turner and ot..., approximately 1806-1807 British Library
referencedIn Graham, George Farquhar, 1789-1867. Letter: 1856 May 16, 31 Gilmore Place, Edin., to David Laing / G.F. Graham. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn 1. THE "Nadir Nameh;" translated from the Hindustani, with notes, by Dr. Leyden, f. 2. 2. On the Arab dynasties of Misr and Muygreb; by the same, f. 8. 3. On the Tajuk or Degan race; by the same, f. 38. 4. Report by Charles Boddam, Judge in the distr..., approximately 1802-1806 British Library
referencedIn 1. TALES of the Peris; translated from the Persic by Dr. Leyden, f. 2. 2. The story of Suliman and the Simúrgh, from the Persic; by the same, f. 61. Paper. At f. 1 b is a note by W. Erskine touching the history of the MS.; 14 Aug. 1844. Folio.John Le..., 19th century British Library
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed : Abbotsford by Melrose, to [the Marchioness of Abercorn], [1812] May 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed : Edinburgh, to George Ellis, 1808 Nov. 18. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn 1. Copies, by Dr. Leyden, of modern English poems by Moore and others, f. 2. 2. Copies of letters of the same to various correspondents; dated from India, 1804, 1805, ff. 42-86, 106-134. 3. Extracts from romances and early poems, ff. 87-105. Paper. F..., approximately 1805-1810 British Library
referencedIn EXTRACTS and translations by Dr. Leyden:-1. Extracts from the journal of Dr. W. Hunter in the Sirkars and elsewhere, 1784, f. 2. 2. List of books for the Asiatic Society, f. 34. 3. Catalogue of books in the library of Tippoo Sultan still remaining i..., approximately 1805-1810 British Library
referencedIn 1. THE, "Unda Chakrum," or Cycle of the Universe, in two parts; translated from the Tamil by Dr Leyden, f. 3. 2. The "Canda Puranum," from the Tamil; translated by the same, f. 22. 3. Notes on Hindustani grammar., by the same, f. 64. 4. Notes on Indi..., approximately 1803 British Library
referencedIn Oriental MSS, approximately 1805 British Library
referencedIn EXTRACTS from "Tarikh Badawani;" translated by Dr. Leyden. Paper. Folio.Tarikh Badaoni: Extracts from, translated by Dr. J. Leyden: circ. 1807.John Leyden, MD: Translations and philological collections of Oriental languages: 19th cent., approximately 1807 British Library
referencedIn PHILOLOGICAL tracts by the same. Partly autograph. 1. Letter to Lieut.-Col. Richardson, with plans of research into the languages and literature of India, f. 2. 2. Plans for investigating the languages, antiquities, and history, of the Dekkan and the..., approximately 1805-1810 British Library
referencedIn MISCELLANEOUS notes and translations of oriental literature by Dr. Leyden:-1. Historical notes on China and India, f. 2. 2. History of the Mapillas; from the Arabic, f. 4. 3. The coming of the Frinjis [Franks or Europeans] from Furtigal [Portugal] i..., approximately 1805 British Library
referencedIn PHILOLOGICAL papers on oriental languages, with translations, by Dr. Leyden:-1. Papers relating to the Baloch and Afghan languages and literature, ff. 2, 43. 2. "Afghaniana;" with a letter from Lieut. F. Irvine to Dr. Leyden; 1 Dec. 181 0, f. 47. 3...., 1803-1810 British Library
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed : Edinburgh, to George Ellis, 1804 May 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn "SUWARI Akalim;" a geographical work, translated by Dr. Leyden. Imperfect. At f. 38 occur legends on Assam coins, in pencil. Paper. Quarto.Suwari Akalim: Translation of, by Dr. Leyden: circ. 1807.: Imperf.Geography: Suwari Akalim, translated by Dr. L..., approximately 1807 British Library
referencedIn 1. "DEATH of Sisúpála;" translated from the Sanskrit by H. G. Colebrooke, f. 2. 2. "Nila Crama," or Rites of the Corpse; translated by W. C. Blaquier, f. 25. 3. Various translations of the "Ghuzzel;" an ode by the Persian ambassador Aga Nubbi Khan, a..., approximately 1800-1810 British Library
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed : Edinburgh, to George Ellis, 1805 May 26. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn "VIEW of the Arabic and cognate languages," by Dr. John Leyden. Paper. Folio.Arabic Language: View of Arabic and cognate languages, by Dr. Leyden: circ. 1806.John Leyden, MD: Translations and philological collections of Oriental languages: 19th cent., approximately 1806 British Library
referencedIn "GRAMMAR of the Malabar Language, by Robert Drummond." Printed at Bombay, 1799; with manuscript notes by Dr. Leyden. Paper. Folio.Malayalam Language: Grammar by R. Drummond, with notes by Dr. Leyden: 1799.: Printed and MS.Robert Drummond, of the E In..., 1799 British Library
referencedIn White, Robert, 1802-1874. Letter: 1857 June 17, Newcastle [upon] Tyne, 8 Claremont Place, to David Laing / Robert White. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn White, Robert, 1802-1874. Letter: 1857 June 9, Newcastle upon Tyne, 8 Claremont Place, to David Laing / Robert White. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Neaves, Lord, 1800-1876. Letter: 1875 Aug. 21, Waterfaat House, Penrith [Cumberland], to David Laing / Charles Neaves. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Papers of Douglas Guthrie (1885-1975), 1864-1967 Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf "THE COMMENTARIES of Baber, from the laghatai Turki": a translation by Dr. John Leyden. Paper; ff. 247. XIXth cent. A note at the beginning by William Erskine states that this work was the foundation of his translation of Baber, so far as Leyden's te..., 19th century British Library
referencedIn ELEMENTS and vocabularies of Sanskrit, Hindustani, Panjabi, and other oriental languages; by Dr. Leyden. Paper. Quarto.Sanskrit: Vocabularies of: circ. 1805.Panjabi Dialect: Vocabulary of, by Dr. Leyden: circ. 1805.Dictionaries: Vocabulary of Sanskri..., 1799-approximately 1805 British Library
referencedIn A MAHRATTA grammar; by Dr Leyden; in the English and Devanagari characters. Paper.. Folio.Mahratti Language: Collections, by Dr. Leyden: 18th, 19th centt.John Leyden, MD: Translations and philological collections of Oriental languages: 19th cent., 18th century-19th century British Library
referencedIn 1. "THE Raja-tarangini;" a history of Rajahs, by Sri Jona Raja Pandita, translated by Dr. Leyden, f. 1. 2. "The Jaina-Tarangini;" a continuation of the above, by Srivara Pandita; translated by the same, f. 226. Paper. Folio.Raja-tarangini: Translatio..., approximately 1807 British Library
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter : Edinburgh, to George Ellis, [1804 Nov. 22]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed : Edinburgh, to George Ellis, 1803 May 25. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn POEMS by Dr. John Leyden, partly original and partly translations from oriental and other languages. Five volumes. Paper. Folio and Quarto., approximately 1805-1810 British Library
referencedIn "THE Dabistan," Sect. vi., on the Mohammedans or followers of Islam; translated by Dr. Leyden. At f. 111 is a tract on the "energies of the stars," translated by the same. Paper. Folio.Dabistan a theological work in Arabic: Translation of, by Dr. Ley..., approximately 1807 British Library
referencedIn 1. COMPARATIVE vocabulary of hill and other dialects, f. 1. 2. "Sooraw-baun-dushwar oepaukey aunum;" a translation, f. 6. 3. Correspondence between Sir John Anstruther and the Supreme Government regarding the Court of Requests of Calcutta and Madras;..., 1801-1808 British Library
referencedIn 1. LETTER from Dr. John Leyden to Sir George Hilaro Barlow, Bart., relative to plans of Indian research; Calcutta, 2 Jan. 1807. "Withdrawn 17 Jan. 1807." f. 3. 2. Copies of articles I and 2 of Add. 26,564, f. 5. Paper. Folio.John Leyden, MD: Translat..., 1807 British Library
referencedIn MANUSCRIPT copy of the preceding; with a vocabulary of Prakrit. Imperfect. Paper. Folio.Prakrit: Vocabulary and grammar. of, by Dr. J. Leyden, 1799: 19th cent.Malayalam Language: Grammar by R. Drummond, with notes by Dr. Leyden: 1799.: Printed and MS..., 1799 British Library
referencedIn "THE Commentaries of Baber," translated by the same. Paper. Folio.Jaghatai-Turki Language: Translation of Baber's commentaries from, by Dr. Leyden: 19th cent.Baber: Commentaries translated by Dr. Leyden: 19th cent.John Leyden, MD: Translations and ph..., 19th century British Library
referencedIn CUTTINGS from the "Mirror" and "Calcutta Gazette," of contributions under the signatures "Momus" and others; 1808-1810. At the end of the volume are cuttings containing Persian odes, with translations signed "Sadiq." Paper. Quarto.India: Contribution..., 1808-1810 British Library
referencedIn TRACTS by Dr. Leyden on the method of investigating oriental languages, etc. See no. 26,564. Paper. Folio.John Leyden, MD: Translations and philological collections of Oriental languages: 19th cent., 19th century British Library
referencedIn DR. Leyden's paper on the study of the Indian and Chinese languages. See No. 26,564, artt. 1, 2. Paper. Folio.John Leyden, MD: Translations and philological collections of Oriental languages: 19th cent.includes:f. 285 John Bonamy: Certificate in his ..., approximately 1805-1810 British Library
referencedIn 1. THE "Prem Shumar Grunth," on theology; two translations from the Sikh, one in the handwriting of Dr. Leyden, ff. 2, 15. 2. The Jáp, and Jáp Paramarth, or commentary on the Jáp; translated from the Sikh by Dr. Leyden, ff. 9, 32. 3. Copy of a Greek ..., 19th century British Library
referencedIn Brydges, Egerton, Sir, 1762-1837. Clavering's auto-biography; [Geneva], 1832. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf GENERAL CATALOGUE of Capt. Knox's Sanscrit, Canara, Tellinga, Tamul, and Persian Manuscripts; being part of a library which belonged to the late Dr. John Leyden, translated from a Canarese MS. found among Capt. Knox's papers. Folio. [10,370.] British Library
creatorOf "MEMOIRS of Zehir-ed-din Muhammed Baber, Emperor of Hindustan,......written by himself in the laghatai Turki, and translated partly by John Leyden, M.D., Secretary to the Asiatick Society, partly by William Erskine, Esq.; with a Geographical and Hist..., 1816 British Library
referencedIn "ADVERSARIA Indica;" notes on India and Ceylon, and on the Sanskrit, Singalese, Malay, and other languages, by Dr. John Leyden; 1803. Paper. Folio.Jaghatai Language: Notes on and grammar of, by Dr. Leyden and F. W. Ellis: 19th cent.Singhalese Languag..., 1803 British Library
referencedIn "THE Commentaries of Baber," translated from the Jaghatai-Turki by Dr. John Leyden. Imperfect. Paper. Quarto.Jaghatai-Turki Language: Translation of Baber's commentaries from, by Dr. Leyden: 19th cent.Baber: Commentaries translated by Dr. Leyden: 19..., 19th century British Library
referencedIn Copy of a letter from Seth Sam, an Armenian of Calcutta, to Dr. James Hare, dat. 10 July, 1810; being an abstract of the history of Armenia. Paper. Folio.Seth Sam, Armenian, of Calcutta: Letter to Dr. Hare: 1810.Armenia: Abstract of the history of, b... British Library
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed with initials : Edinburgh, to George Ellis, 1805 Feb. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn COLLECTlON of papers on the alphabets, grammar, and vocabularies of the Pushtoo, Afghan, Sanserit, Dekkan, Indo-Chinese, and other oriental languages,by Dr Leyden; with specimens. Paper. Folio.Kurd Language: Collections relating to, by Dr. Leyden: 18..., approximately 1800-1810 British Library
referencedIn 1. JOURNAL by Dr. Leyden of travels from Madras to Seringapatam, the Maldives, Puolo Penang, and Bengal; 1804-1806, f. 3. 2. Vocabularies, by the same, of the Maldive language, f. 73;-Malayalam, f. 87;-and Arab-Tamil, with alphabet, etc., ff. 94 b, 9..., 1804-1806 British Library
referencedIn THE, introduction of Islam into Malabar; translated from the Arabic by Dr. Leyden; with other miscellaneous translations relating to oriental mythology and history, by the same. Paper. Folio.John Leyden, MD: Translations and philological collections ..., approximately 1805-approximately 1806 British Library
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed : Edinburgh, to the Marchioness of Abercorn, 1810 Oct. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn MISCELLANEOUS translations from oriental literature by Dr. Leyden:-1. Extracts, from Palladius on the nations of India and the Brahmans, ff. 2-9. 2. Translations from the Canara, Sanserit, Persian, Mahratta, etc., f. 10. 3. Jewish inscriptions near ..., approximately 1800-approximately 1805 British Library
referencedIn PHILOLOGICAL tracts by Dr. John Leyden:-1. Plans "for investigating the Languages, Literature, Antiquities, and History," of the Dekkan, Indo-Persic, and Indo-Chinese nations, f. 2, 36, 54. 2. On the comparative utility of the above languages and th..., approximately 1805-1810 British Library
referencedIn THE "Lailiu Majnum;" a Persian poem by Mulvi Hatifi Jami; translated by Dr Leyden, with notes. Paper. Folio.Language and Literature of Persia: Translation of, and notes on, the Persian poem " Laila u Majnun," by Dr. Leyden: 19th cent.Hatifi: Translat..., approximately 1807 British Library
referencedIn MISCELANEOUS, collection of papers by Dr. John Leyden relating to the languages, literature, customs, and manufactures of India, Cochin, Malabar, etc.; with medical, botanical, and zoological notes. At f. 120 is a letter from D. Erskine to Dr. Leyden..., 1804-1809 British Library
referencedIn NOTES on Mahratti, Hindustani, Sanskrit, and other oriental languages with alphabets, vocabularies, etc., by Dr. Leyden. Paper. Folio.Sanskrit: Collections and translations, by Dr. J. Leyden: circ. 1800.Guzerat Province, Hindostan: Notes and collecti..., approximately 1800-approximately 1805 British Library
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed : Edinburgh, to George Ellis, 1808 Dec. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed : [London], to George Ellis, [1806] Feb. 10. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. Autograph letter signed with initials : place not specified, to George Ellis, [1805 Jan. 4?]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Leyden, John. [Notes on the Tagalog language]. The British Library, Group Batchload
referencedIn GRAMMAR. of the Prakrit language, by Dr. Leyden. Paper. Folio.Prakrit: Vocabulary and grammar. of, by Dr. J. Leyden, 1799: 19th cent.John Leyden, MD: Translations and philological collections of Oriental languages: 19th cent., 1799 British Library
referencedIn VOCABULARY of the Bhagulpúr Hill language, in English characters. Papeir. Quarto.Dictionaries: Vocabularies of the Bhagulpúr Hill language, by R. Turner and others: circ. 1806, 1807.Bhagulpur Hill Language: Vocabularies and dialogues: circ. 1806-1807..., approximately 1806-1807 British Library
referencedIn Research papers of Reverend Robert Blanchard Raffles, approximately 1887 British Library
referencedIn PART of the "Vishnu Purana," on Hindoo mythology and metaphysics; translated by Dr. Leyden, with notes. Paper. Quarto.Vishnu Purana: Translation of, and notes on, by Dr. Leyden: circ. 1807.John Leyden, MD: Translations and philological collections of..., approximately 1807 British Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Brydges, Egerton, Sir, 1762-1837. person
associatedWith Graham, George Farquhar, 1789-1867. person
associatedWith Neaves, Lord, 1800-1876. person
associatedWith Scott, Walter, Sir, 1771-1832. person
associatedWith White, Robert, 1802-1874. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Seringapatam, India
India, Asia
Java, Indonesia
Patina, India
Guzerat Province, Hindostan
Ceylon, Asia
Kashgar, China
Axum, Abyssinia
Sircars District, India
Benares, India
Degan, India
Maldive Islands, Indian Ocean
Mysore, India
Coromandel, India
Calcutta, India
India, Asia
Berhampore, Madras
Straits of Malacca, South East Asia
India, Asia
Pulo-Panjang, Cochin China
Cashmere, India
China, Asia
Assam, Province of, India
Sumatra, Indonesia
Persia, Kingdom of, Asia Minor
Cochin, India
Malabar, India
Assam, Province of, India
Sarun District, India
Guzerat Province, Hindostan
Malabar, India
Malabar, India
Armenia, Turkey-in-Asia
Malabar, India
Cochin, India
Persia, Kingdom of, Asia Minor
Singapore, Asia
India, Asia
India, Asia
Subject
Tagalog language
Occupation
Translator
Function

Person

Birth 1775-09-08

Death 1811-08-28

Britons

English,

Tagalog

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