Hopper, Grace Murray, 1906-1992

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Grace Murray Hopper was a pioneer in the development of computer programming languages.

Grace Murray Hopper received her Ph.D. in mathematics from Yale University in 1934, where she studied with Professor Howard Engstrom. After teaching at New York University and Barnard College, she became a research fellow at the Harvard University Computation Laboratory in 1946 where she worked with Howard Aiken on the Mark I computer. In 1949 she went to work for the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation as a senior programmer where, with Betty Holberton, she developed the original software for the UNIVAC I. After the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation merged with Remington Rand, Dr. Hopper became director of Programming Development. During her years with Remington Rand (later Sperry Rand) Dr. Hopper worked on developing the A-O compiler and MATH-A-MATIC programs. In the late 1950s she developed the COBOL computer language. In 1966, she left Sperry Rand and went to work for the U.S. Navy. Her first project was to develop the Navy Tactical Data System for Atomic Submarines. Dr. Hopper remained with the Navy until her retirement in 1985. During these years she worked on numerous programming languages which were used in the American space program and for communication within the NATO military command structure.

From the description of Oral history interview, 1979 July 20th [tape]. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122555008

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Hopper, Grace Murray, 1906-1992, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1979 July 20th [tape]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Captain Grace Murray Hopper talks with students from Brewster Academy at the conclusion of the ceremony to dedicate a computer learning center in her name at the high school United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Sperry Rand Corporation. Univac Division. Honeywell vs. Sperry Rand Records, 1935-1973. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn President Ronald Reagan greets CAPT. Grace Hopper as she arrives at the White House for her promotion to commodore United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Secretary of the Navy, John Lehman, right, promotes CAPT. Grace Hopper to the rank of commodore in a ceremony at the White House. President Ronald Reagan is at the left United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Hopper, Grace Murray. Oral history interview with Grace Murray Hopper, ca. 1976. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Sperry Corporation. Univac Division. Records, 1877-1970. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Sperry Corporation. Univac Division. Technical documents, 1946-1975. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn CAPT. Grace Murray Hopper attends a ceremony taking place to dedicate a center for computer learning in her name at Brewster Academy United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Captain Grace Murray Hopper is congratulated by a guest at the conclusion of the ceremony to dedicate a computer learning center in her name at Brewster Academy United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn David Smith, headmaster at Brewster Academy, speaks during the ceremony to dedicate the Grace Murray Hopper Center for Computer Learning. Captain Grace Hopper stands to the left. Rear Admiral Paul Sutherland, commander, Naval Data Automation Command, stands in the background United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn President Ronald Reagan's Photo Opportunities on December 15, 1983. Presentation of Congressional Gold Medal to Fred Waring in Roosevelt Room, President Reagan meeting Rich Colino of Intelsat in Oval Office, President Reagan Meeting James Fowler President of Lions International in Oval Office, President Reagan, Rich Eilert Author of "For Self Country" in Oval Office, President Reagan Meeting Navy Captain Grace Hopper Who is Sworn as Navy Commodore in Oval Office, Ladies Home Journal Editors Present President Reagan 100th Anniversary Issue in Oval Office, President Reagan Lighting Tree National Christmas Tree with Amy Benham, Choir Singing. South Lawn (President Hugs Child) Ronald Reagan Presidential Library
referencedIn CAPT. Grace Murray Hopper speaks at a ceremony taking place to dedicate a center for computer learning in her name at Brewster Academy United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn CAPT. Grace Murray Hopper poses for an informal portrait while attending a dedication ceremony at Brewster Academy. The ceremony is taking place to dedicate a computer learning center in CAPT. Hopper's honor United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. Interviews, 1981-1983 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Hopper, Grace Murray. Interviews, 1983. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Papers, 1867, 1895, 1902-1948 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Harvard University. Cruft Memorial Laboratory. Photographs from the Harvard University Cruft Laboratory Photographic Department, ca. 1937-ca. 1959 / Armond J. Dionne, photographer. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Captain Grace Murray Hopper is presented with a plaque by David M. Smith, left, headmaster of Brewster Academy, as Kenneth Olsen, founder and president of Digital Corp., looks on, at the ceremony to dedicated a computer learning center in her name at the high school United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Rittase, William M.,. Sperry Corporation photograph collection. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Hopper, Grace Murray, 1906-1992, interviewee. Oral history interview, 1979 July 20th [tape]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Captain Grace Murray Hopper talks with a student from Brewster Academy at the conclusion of a ceremony to dedicate a computer learning center in her name at the high school United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Koss, Adele Mildred. Papers, 1993-1998 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Dr. Roger Murray II speaks at the ceremony to dedicate the Grace Murray Hopper Center for Computer Learning at Brewster Academy. Captain Grace M. Hopper is seated to the left. Dr. Murray is the brother of Captain Hopper United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Owens, Helen Brewster, 1881-1968. Papers, 1867-1948 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Commodore Grace Hopper (center) stands with President Ronald Reagan and members of her family after her promotion ceremony at the White House. From left to right, her family members are nephew Roger Murray III, his wife Linda and daughter Jennifer, and Commodore Hopper`s sister-in-law Agnes Murray II United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Subjects, ca. 1850-2004 Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Harvard University. Cruft Memorial Laboratory. Photographs from the Harvard University Cruft Laboratory Photographic Department, ca. 1937-ca. 1959 / Armond J. Dionne, photographer. Harvard University, Archives
referencedIn Captain Grace Hopper Visits Brewster Academy United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Sage Colleges. Archives. Honorary degree recipient for 1983, Grace Murray Hopper. The Sage Colleges Libraries
referencedIn Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. Records, 1981-1991 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Captain Grace Murray Hopper signs autographs for students from Brewster Academy at the conclusion of a ceremony to dedicate a computer learning center in her name at the high school United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Society of Women Engineers. Society of Women Engineers records, 1918-1993. Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
creatorOf Hopper, Grace Murray. Papers, 1944-1965. National Museum of American History (U.S.). Archives Center
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aiken, Howard H. (Howard Hathaway), 1900-1973. person
associatedWith Aiken, Howard H. (Howard Hathaway), 1900-1973. person
associatedWith Atanasoff, John V. (John Vincent) person
associatedWith Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871. person
associatedWith Bloch, Richard M. (Richard Milton) person
associatedWith Campbell, Robert V. D. person
associatedWith Eckert, J. Presper (John Presper), 1919-1995. person
associatedWith Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (Philadelphia, Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Evans, Christopher Riche. person
associatedWith Harvard University. Computation Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Cruft Memorial Laboratory. corporateBody
associatedWith HELEN BARTEN (BREWSTER) OWENS, 1881-1968 person
associatedWith Holberton, Frances E. person
associatedWith Hopper, Grace Murray, 1906-1992, interviewee. person
associatedWith Koss, Adele Mildred. person
associatedWith Mauchly, John W. (John William), 1907-1980. person
associatedWith Naval Proving Ground (Dahlgren, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Naval Surface Weapons Center corporateBody
associatedWith Owens, Helen Brewster, 1881-1968. person
associatedWith Reagan, Ronald person
associatedWith Remington Rand, inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Society of Women Engineers. corporateBody
associatedWith Sperry Corporation. Univac Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Sperry Rand Corporation. corporateBody
memberOf United States. Navy. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Steel Corporation. corporateBody
employeeOf Vassar College. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Vassar College. corporateBody
associatedWith Westinghouse Electric Corporation. corporateBody
associatedWith Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Women in the Federal Government Oral History Project. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Yale University. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York City NY US
Arlington VA US
Subject
Computer programs
Computer software
Univac computer
Computer programming
MATH-A-MATIC (Computer program)
Computer programs--Research
Electronic data processing
Computer engineering
Computer industry
Computers--Anecdotes
BINAC (Computer)
Mark I (Calculator)
Computer programming--Management
ENIAC (Computer)
Navy Technical Data System
COBOL (Computer program language)
Occupation
Mathematicians
Women scientists
Computer scientists
Computer programmers
Engineers
Admirals
Function

Person

Birth 1906-12-09

Death 1992-01-01

Americans

English

Information

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