Pell, Claiborne, 1918-2009

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Claiborne deBorda Pell was born on November 22, 1918 in New York City to Matilda Bigelow Pell and Herbert Claiborne Pell. The Pell family lineage includes five members of Congress and George Mifflin Dallas, who was Vice President to President James Polk, 1845-1849. Senator Pell's father served as a United States Congressman from New York, 1919-1921, as well as Minister to Portugal, 1937-1941, Minister to Hungary, 1941-1942, and a United States Representative to the United Nations War Crimes Commission 1943-1945.

Senator Pell attended St. Georges High School in Middletown, Rhode Island, graduated from Princeton University in 1940, and received a Masters degree from Columbia University in 1946. He joined the United States Coast Guard four months before the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the start of World War II. Senator Pell continued his service after the war and attained the rank of Senior Captain in 1978.

After graduating from Columbia University, Pell participated in the San Francisco Conference that culminated in the creation of the United Nations and established the United States Consulate General in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia after the communists seized control of that nation. Senator Pell then served as a State Department Foreign Service Officer stationed in Eastern Europe and Italy for seven years.

After leaving the Foreign Service, Pell served as Vice President for the International Rescue Committee. He was stationed in Austria and assumed responsibility for assisting refugees from the 1956 Hungarian Revolution. During this time, Pell was arrested and placed in jail by agents from three fascist governments and three communist governments. In 1959, President Eisenhower appointed Pell to the delegation meeting on the International Maritime Consultative Organization. Senator Pell has received more than 20 decorations for his service including the Presidential Citizens Medal.

In 1960, Senator Pell was elected to the United States Senate and served for the next six terms as the Senator from Rhode Island until his retirement in 1996. He won his first Senate race by the largest plurality of that time and is the longest serving Senator in Rhode Island's history. He has served as Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and Chairman of the Subcommittee on Education. Senator Pell also served as ranking member on the Labor and Welfare Committee, Rules and Administration Committee, Executive Committee on the Environment and Energy Study, as well as the Special Committee on Aging, and the Joint Congressional Committee on Libraries and Museums.

Senator Pell's appointments included being Senate Advisor to the United States delegation to the United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, delegate to the 25th United Nations General Assembly (1970), Senate Advisor to the Strategic Arms Limitations Talks (SALT), and a member of the Commission on Improving the Effectiveness of the United Nations. Senator Pell also played a principle role in outlawing the placement of weapons of massive destruction on the seabed and to ensure international cooperation in protection of the environment.

Senator Pell was the principal sponsor of the 1965 legislation creating the National Endowment for Arts and the National Endowment for the Humanities. He authored the National Sea Grant College and Program Act of 1966 which provides annual funding for oceanographic studies. He is also the author of the Basic Educational Opportunity Grants (renamed Pell Grants in 1980), that eliminate financial barriers to higher education. He was a driving force in the Senate to establish the International Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty aimed at reducing nuclear weapons, in addition to authoring legislation banning the manufacture and use of biological weapons.

Senator Pell also served as a member of the Presidential Commission on Drunk Driving and was the original Senate advocate for tougher penalties against those caught driving while intoxicated. He also authored the High Speed Ground Transportation Act aimed at improving rail service including the establishment of a continuous electrification infrastructure between Washington, D.C., New York, and Boston.

Senator Pell passed away on January 1, 2009. In addition to his wife Nuala, Senator Pell is survived by his son, Christopher T. H. Pell of Newport, his daughter Dallas Pell of New York, his five grandchildren and five great grandchildren.

A televised biograpraphy of Senator Pell's life and career can be viewed here.

From the guide to the The Senatorial Papers of Claiborne Pell: Congresses, 1960-1997, (University of Rhode Island Library, Special Collections and University Archives)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Thomas J. Dodd Papers, undated, 1919-1971. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Rhode Island Federation of Teachers. Records, 1946-1982. Wayne State University
referencedIn Harold Weston Papers, 1916-1971 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Schneider, Claudine, 1947-. Papers, 1973-1990. University of Rhode Island Library, Kingston, University Library
creatorOf Trinity Repertory Company. Oral History Tapes, 1990-1991. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf The Senatorial Papers of Claiborne Pell: Congresses, 1960-1997 University of Rhode Island Library, Special Collections and University Archives,
referencedIn Records of WNYU (Radio Station: New York, N.Y.), 1949-1969 New York University. Archives.
referencedIn William D. Metz Collection, 1946-1982 University of Rhode Island Library Special Collections and Archives Unit
referencedIn Tony Schwartz collection, 1912-2008, 1950-2008 Recorded Sound Reference Center, Motion Picture, Broadcasting and Recorded Sound Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Office of the Vice President of Administrative Services and Community Relations, Thomas Flanagan, (bulk 1997-2001), 1992-2003 (bulk 1997-2001) Salve Regina University Archives McKillop Library
referencedIn Angier Biddle Duke Papers, 1923-1990s and undated David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Chafee, John H., 1922-1999. Papers, 1962-1976. University of Rhode Island Library, Kingston, University Library
creatorOf Altieri, Alice LaFond, 1894-1976. [Guide to the Alice LaFond Altieri papers]. Providence College, Phillips Memorial Library, Phillips Memorial Library
referencedIn Trinity Repertory Company Oral History Tapes, 1990-1991 The New York Public Library. Rodgers and Hammerstein Archives of Recorded Sound.
referencedIn Nancy Hanks Papers, 1894-1987, (bulk 1945-1983) David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Sage Colleges Archives. Honorary degree recipient for 1982, Claiborne Pell. The Sage Colleges Libraries
referencedIn New York Times Company records. A.M. Rosenthal papers, 1955-1994, 1967-1986 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Roberts, Dennis Joseph, 1903-1994. [Guide to the Dennis J. Roberts papers ] Providence College, Phillips Memorial Library, Phillips Memorial Library
referencedIn Papers, 1916-1972 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Shecter, Louis E. Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1965. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn University of Rhode Island. Graduate School of Oceanography. Oral history interviews, 1999 [videorecording]. University of Rhode Island Library, Kingston, University Library
creatorOf Lovell, Malcolm Read, Jr., 1921-. Papers, [ca. 1960-1990]. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Lewis, Mort Reis. Papers of Mort Reis Lewis, 1953-1985. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Trinity Repertory Theatre (Providence, Rhode Island). Oral history collection, 1990-1991. Brown University, John Hay Library
creatorOf Pell, Claiborne, 1918-2009. Claiborne Pell : commercials, 1966-1990. University of Oklahoma, Political Community Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Altieri, Alice LaFond, 1894-1976. person
associatedWith Chafee, John H., 1922-1999. person
correspondedWith Dodd, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph), 1907-1971 person
associatedWith Duke, Angier Biddle, 1915-1995 person
associatedWith Flanagan, Thomas person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
associatedWith Hanks, Nancy, 1927-1983 person
associatedWith Lewis, Mort Reis. person
associatedWith Lovell, Malcolm Read, Jr., 1921- person
correspondedWith Metz, William D. person
correspondedWith Rhode Island Federation of Teachers. corporateBody
associatedWith Roberts, Dennis Joseph, 1903-1994. person
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
associatedWith Schneider, Claudine, 1947- person
associatedWith Schwartz, Tony person
associatedWith Shecter, Louis E. person
associatedWith Trinity Repertory Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Trinity Repertory Theatre (Providence, Rhode Island) corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Rhode Island. Graduate School of Oceanography. corporateBody
associatedWith Weston, Harold, 1894-1972 person
associatedWith WNYU (Radio station : New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Advertising, political
Television advertising
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1918-11-22

Death 2009-01-01

Americans

English

Information

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