Clifford, Clark M., 1906-1998

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Lawyer and cabinet officer. Full name: Clark McAdam Clifford.

From the description of Clark M. Clifford papers, 1883-1999 (bulk 1946-1998). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979757

Clark M. Clifford was born on December 25, 1906, in Fort Scott, Kansas. He received his LL.B from Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, in 1928. From 1928 to 1944 he worked as an attorney in St. Louis. He married Margery Pepperell Kimball on October 3, 1931. From 1944 to 1946 he served as an officer in the U.S. Naval Reserve. From 1945 to 1946 he served as an Assistant Naval Aide to President Harry S. Truman, then became the President's official Naval Aide in 1946. From 1946 to 1950 he served as Special Counsel to President Truman. From 1950 to 1968 he worked as an attorney at the Clifford & Miller firm in Washington, D.C., and was an unofficial adviser to Presidents Truman, Kennedy, and Johnson. From 1968 to 1969 he served as the Secretary of Defense. From 1969 to 1991 he again worked as an attorney in Washington, D.C. at the Clifford & Warnke firm. During this time he served as an unofficial adviser to President Jimmy Carter and was Chairman of First American Bankshares. In 1991 he wrote Counsel to the President with Richard Holbrooke. He died on October 10, 1998.

From the description of Clifford, Clark M. (Clark McAdams), 1906-1998 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10568762

Lawyer and government official; b. Clark McAdams Clifford.

From the description of Papers, 1900-1980 (bulk 1946-1950). (Harry S Truman Library). WorldCat record id: 70943872

Clark M. Clifford (1906- ), attorney, special advisor to President Harry S. Truman from 1946-1950; Foreign policy advisor for President John F. Kennedy; Secretary of Defense from 1968-1969.

From the description of Oral history interview with Clark M. Clifford, 1985 Mar. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 45738925

Biographical Note

  • 1906, Dec. 25: Born, Fort Scott, Kans.
  • 1928: LL.B., Washington University, St. Louis, Mo.
  • 1928 - 1933 : Associate attorney, Holland, Lashly & Donnell, St. Louis, Mo.
  • 1931: Married Margery Kimball (died 2000)
  • 1933 - 1937 : Associate attorney, Holland, Lashly & Lashly, St. Louis, Mo.
  • 1938 - 1943 : Partner, Lashly, Lashly, Miller & Clifford, St. Louis, Mo.
  • 1944 - 1946 : Enlisted in U.S. Naval Reserve; served as special assistant to commander, Western Sea Frontier; assistant naval aide to the president; and naval aide to the president
  • 1946 - 1950 : Special counsel to the president
  • 1950 - 1968 : Senior partner, Clifford & Miller, Washington, D.C.
  • 1960: Member, Committee on the Defense Establishment
  • 1960 - 1961 : Representative, presidential administration transition team
  • 1961 - 1968 : Member and chairman, Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board
  • 1965: Fact-finding mission to Asia
  • 1966: Adviser to the president, Manila Conference
  • 1967: Trip to southeast Asia and Pacific as presidential emissary
  • 1968 - 1969 : Secretary of defense
  • 1969: Awarded Medal of Freedom with Distinction
  • 1969 - 1991 : Senior partner, Clifford & Warnke, Washington, D.C.
  • 1976: Distinguished Alumnus Award, Washington University School of Law, St. Louis, Mo.
  • 1977: Appointed special presidential emissary to Greece, Turkey, and Cyprus
  • 1978: Lawyer of the Year Award, Bar Association of the District of Columbia, Washington, D.C.
  • 1980: Appointed special presidential emissary to India Harry S. Truman Public Service Award
  • 1982 - 1991 : Chairman, First American Bankshares, Washington, D.C.
  • 1991: Published with Richard Holbrooke, Counsel to the President (New York: Random House. 709 pp.)
  • 1998, Oct. 10: Died, Bethesda, Md.

From the guide to the Clark M. Clifford Papers, 1883-1999, (bulk 1946-1998), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Robert F. Kennedy Papers. 1937 - 6/6/1968. Robert F. Kennedy Papers: Pre-administration Political File: John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign and Transition. 1959 - 1960. Robert F. Kennedy Papers: Pre-administration Political File: John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign and Transition; General Subject File, 1959 - 1960 Kennedy Nixon Debates. 9/22/1960 - 10/28/1960. Clark Clifford Memo to John F. Kennedy
referencedIn Robert F. Kennedy Papers. 1937 - 6/6/1968. Robert F. Kennedy Papers: Pre-administration Political File: John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign and Transition. 1959 - 1960. Robert F. Kennedy Papers: Pre-administration Political File: John F. Kennedy's 1960 Campaign and Transition; General Subject File, 1959 - 1960 Kennedy Nixon Debates. 9/22/1960 - 10/28/1960. Clark Clifford Memo to John F. Kennedy
referencedIn Martin, John Bartlow, 1915-1987. Papers, 1900-1986 (bulk 1939-1983). Library of Congress
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. White House telephone tape number 5
referencedIn Map Room File (Truman Administration). 4/12/1945 - 1/1946. London Files
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE CLIFFORD, TAN SON NHUT AB, VIETNAM
referencedIn [Biographical newspaper articles on Clark M. Clifford / collected and photocopied by the Kansas State Historical Society]. Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Katzenbach, Nicholas deB. (Nicholas deBelleville), 1922-. Oral history interview with Nicholas Katzenbach, 1985 Mar. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn John Bartlow Martin Papers, 1900-1986, (bulk 1939-1983) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Paul H. Nitze Papers, 1922-1998, (bulk 1946-1996) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Anderson, Patrick, 1967-1977. Patrick Anderson collection, 1967-1977. Boston University, School of Medical
creatorOf Clark M. Clifford Papers. 1945 - 1980. Presidential Speech Files
referencedIn Papers of Drew Pearson. 1915 - 1969. Files from the Georgetown Office and Residence
creatorOf Clark M. Clifford Papers. 1945 - 1980. General Speech Files
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, January 20, 1965
referencedIn William O. Douglas Papers, 1801-1980, (bulk 1923-1975) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Robert E. Sherwood papers, 1917-1968 (inclusive), 1934-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
Clark Clifford Papers
referencedIn Rusk, Dean, 1909-1994,. Oral history interview with Dean Rusk, 1985 Nov 5. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Greenewalt, Crawford H., 1902-1993. Personal papers, 1948-1992. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Records, 1946-2000 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Nitze, Paul H. Papers, 1932-1989 (bulk 1946-1989). Library of Congress
referencedIn Edward Bennett Williams Papers, 1920-1990, (bulk 1960-1988) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. White House Telephone Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, WH Series, Mildred Stegall, 11:14A
referencedIn Rusk, Dean, 1909-1994,. Oral history interview with Dean Rusk and William P. Bundy, 1984-1989?. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Williams, Edward Bennett. Papers, 1920-1990 (bulk 1960-1988). Library of Congress
referencedIn Max Lerner papers, 1927-1998 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, November 30, 1963
creatorOf Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. White House Telephone Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, WH Series, Clark Clifford, 7:27A
referencedIn Douglas, William O. (William Orville), 1898-1980. William O. Douglas papers, 1801-1980 (bulk 1923-1975). Library of Congress
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 557
referencedIn Acheson, Dean, 1893-1971. Dean Gooderham Acheson papers, 1898-1989 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration). 1945 - 1960. Diaries Files. 1947 - 1953. 1947. 1947 - 1953. Diary Entry of Harry S. Truman
referencedIn Dean Gooderham Acheson papers, 1898-1989 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration). 1945 - 1960. Diaries Files. 1947 - 1953. 1947. 1947 - 1953. Diary Entry of Harry S. Truman
referencedIn Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. Max Lerner papers, 1927-1992 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. White House Telephone Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, WH Series, Clark Clifford, 9:36P
referencedIn Tyler, Lloyd P., 1915-. Papers, 1967-1973. North Carolina Division of Archives & Hist
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, March 31, 1968
creatorOf Lyndon Baines Johnson Archives Collection. 1931 - 1968. Famous Names Correspondence Files
referencedIn Bundy, William P., 1917-2000. William P. Bundy collection, 1972-1984. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. White House Telephone Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, WH Series, Clark Clifford, 7:44P
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 6/15/77 [2]
creatorOf David E. Bell Papers. 1947 - 1980. Files Related to the Kennedy and Johnson Administrations
referencedIn Audiovisual Collection. 1957 - 2006. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman. 1957 - 2004. President Harry S. Truman at Everglades National Park Dedication
referencedIn Records of the Office of the National Security Advisor (Carter Administration). 1977 - 1981. Zbigniew Brzezinski's Trip Files
referencedIn Holbrooke, Richard C.,. Oral history interview with Richard C. Holbrooke, 1985 Mar. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. SWEARING IN MR. CLARK CLIFFORD AS SECRETARY OF DEFENSE, WHITE HOUSE, WASHINGTON, D.C.
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration). 1945 - 1960. Diaries Files. 1947 - 1953. 1947. 1947 - 1953. Diary Entry of Harry S. Truman
referencedIn Louis Menk papers., 1953-1981. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Knight, John Shively, 1894-1981. John S. Knight papers, 1894-1981 bulk (1920-1981). University of Akron, Bierce Library
creatorOf Clark M. Clifford Papers. 1945 - 1980. Political Files
referencedIn Papers, 1918-1993 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
creatorOf Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. White House Telephone Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, WH Series, Clark Clifford, 7:27A
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, August 3, 1964
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Motion Picture Films from the Army Library Copy Collection. 1964 - 1980. Secretary of Defense Clifford news conference on Housing
referencedIn Martin, John Bartlow, 1915-1987. John Bartlow Martin papers, 1900-1986 (bulk 1939-1983). Library of Congress
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, April 5, 1968
creatorOf Clifford, Clark M., 1906-1998. Clark M. Clifford papers, 1883-1999 (bulk 1946-1998). Library of Congress
referencedIn Audiovisual Collection. 1957 - 2006. Photographs Relating to the Administration, Family, and Personal Life of Harry S. Truman. 1957 - 2004. Photograph of President Truman on the fantail of his yacht, the U.S.S. WILLIAMSBURG, chatting with members of his official party on the first day of his vacation cruise to Bermuda: (seated, left to right) unidentified man; Treasury Secretary John Snyder; Theodore Marks, a friend of the President; the President; General Harry Vaughan, Military Aide to the President; Press Secretary Charles Ross; Clark Clifford, Special Counsel to the President (mostly obscured); George Allen, Director of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration). 1945 - 1960. Diaries Files. 1947 - 1953. 1947. 1947 - 1953. Diary Entry of Harry S. Truman
creatorOf Clark M. Clifford Papers. 1945 - 1980. Harry S. Truman Files
referencedIn Harry S. Truman Library Oral History Collection. 1960 - 2005. Oral History Interviews. 1960 - 2005. Oral History Interviews with Clark M. Clifford
referencedIn Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. White House Telephone Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, WH Series, Clark Clifford, 11:05P
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, October 26, 1966
creatorOf Clark M. Clifford Papers. 1945 - 1980. Subject Files
referencedIn Williams, Edward Bennett. Papers of Edward Bennett Williams, 1920-1990 (bulk 1960-1988) Library of Congress
referencedIn Vinson, Fred M., 1890-1953. Frederick Moore Vinson papers, 1907-1953. University of Kentucky Libraries
creatorOf Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. White House Telephone Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, WH Series, Clark Clifford, 1:25P
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, April 6, 1968
creatorOf Menk, Louis Wilson, 1918-. Louis Menk papers, 1953-1981. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
creatorOf Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. White House Telephone Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, WH Series, Clark Clifford, 8:02P
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, November 2, 1966
creatorOf Clifford, Clark M., 1906-1998. Papers, 1900-1980 (bulk 1946-1950). Harry S Truman Library
creatorOf Clark Clifford Papers. 1957 - 1961. Files Related to Presidential Transition
referencedIn Records of U.S. Air Force Commands, Activities, and Organizations. 1900 - 2003. Moving Images Relating to Military Aviation Activities. 1947 - 1984. SECRETARY OF DEFENSE CLIFFORD PRESS CONFERENCE, TAN SON NHUT AB, VIETNAM
creatorOf Clark M. Clifford Papers, 1883-1999, (bulk 1946-1998) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Clifford, Clark M., 1906-1998,. Oral history interview with Clark M. Clifford, 1985 Mar. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Map Room File (Truman Administration). 4/12/1945 - 1/1946. Outgoing Messages
referencedIn President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary. 11/22/1963 - 1/20/1969. President's Daily Diary Entry, April 7, 1968
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. 1921 - 2008. Sound Recordings of Defense Officials
referencedIn President's Secretary's Files (Truman Administration). 1945 - 1960. Diaries Files. 1947 - 1953. 1947. 1947 - 1953. Diary Entry of Harry S. Truman
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 2/10/77 [1]
referencedIn Map Room File (Truman Administration). 4/12/1945 - 1/1946. Incoming Messages
creatorOf Recordings and Transcripts of Telephone Conversations and Meetings. 11/22/1963 - 1/3/1969. John F. Kennedy Assassination Related Recordings and Transcripts. 11/22/1963 - 3/28/1967. LBJ Recording of Telephone Conversation, K Series, Clark Clifford, 6:25P
referencedIn Nitze, Paul H. Papers of Paul H. Nitze, 1932-1989 (bulk 1946-1989). Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
correspondedWith Acheson, Dean, 1893-1971 person
correspondedWith Alsop, Joseph, 1910-1989 person
correspondedWith Anderson, Clinton Presba, 1895- person
correspondedWith Anderson, Patrick, 1967-1977. person
correspondedWith Ball, George W. person
associatedWith Bank of Credit and Commerce International. corporateBody
correspondedWith Bayh, Birch, 1928- person
correspondedWith Brown, Edmund G. (Edmund Gerald), 1905-1996 person
correspondedWith Brown, Hillyard person
correspondedWith Bundy, McGeorge person
correspondedWith Bundy, McGeorge person
correspondedWith Bundy, William P., 1917-2000. person
associatedWith Carter, Jimmy, 1924- person
correspondedWith Clark, Tom C. (Tom Campbell), 1899-1977 person
correspondedWith Colton, Barnum L. person
correspondedWith Cook, Donald C. person
correspondedWith Cook, Donald C. person
correspondedWith Cooke, James person
correspondedWith Cooke, James person
correspondedWith Dart, Justin Whitlock, 1907- person
correspondedWith Davies, Joseph Edward person
associatedWith Democratic Party (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Douglas, William O. (William Orville), 1898-1980. person
correspondedWith Eagleton, Thomas F., 1929-2007 person
correspondedWith Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969 person
correspondedWith Firestone, Leonard K. (Leonard Kimball). 1907-1996 person
correspondedWith Fulbright, J. William (James William), 1905-1995 person
associatedWith Greenewalt, Crawford H., 1902-1993. person
correspondedWith Halsell, Grace person
correspondedWith Halsell, Grace person
correspondedWith Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986 person
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
correspondedWith Hassett, William D., 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Holbrooke, Richard C., person
correspondedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973. person
associatedWith Katzenbach, Nicholas deB. (Nicholas deBelleville), 1922- person
correspondedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963. person
correspondedWith Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968 person
correspondedWith Knight, John Shively, 1894-1981. person
correspondedWith Laird, Melvin R. person
correspondedWith Lance, Bert, 1931- person
correspondedWith Lashly, John H. (John Henderson), 1916-1987 person
associatedWith Lashly, Paul W. (Paul Webster). 1917- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902- person
associatedWith Lerner, Max, 1902-2001. person
correspondedWith Martin, John Bartlow, 1915-1987. person
correspondedWith Mathias, Charles McC. (Charles McCurdy), 1922-2010 person
correspondedWith McCullough, David G. person
correspondedWith McCullough, David G. person
correspondedWith McGovern, George S. (George Stanley), 1922- person
correspondedWith McGrory, Mary, 1918- person
correspondedWith McGrory, Mary, 1918- person
associatedWith Menk, Louis Wilson, 1918- person
associatedWith Menk, Louis Wilson, 1918-1999 person
correspondedWith Morgan, Edward P., 1910-1993 person
correspondedWith Muskie, Edmund S., 1914-1996 person
associatedWith Nitze, Paul H. person
associatedWith Nitze, Paul H. person
correspondedWith Onassis, Jacqueline Kennedy, 1929-1994 person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
correspondedWith Porter, Paul Aldermandt, 1904-1975 person
correspondedWith Quesada, Elwood R. (Elwood Richard), 1904- person
correspondedWith Rostow, W. W. (Walt Whitman), 1916-2003 person
correspondedWith Rowe, James H. (James Henry), 1909-1984 person
associatedWith Rusk, Dean, 1909-1994. person
associatedWith Rusk, Richard, person
correspondedWith Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955 person
correspondedWith Smathers, George A. (George Armistead), 1913-2007 person
correspondedWith Truman, Bess Wallace person
correspondedWith Truman, Bess Wallace person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith Tyler, Lloyd P., 1915- person
associatedWith United States. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Department of Defense. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Defense. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Security Act of 1947. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President (1945-1953 : Truman) corporateBody
associatedWith Vinson, Fred M., 1890-1953. person
correspondedWith Wadsworth, James Jeremiah, 1905- person
correspondedWith Watson, Thomas J., 1914-1993 person
correspondedWith Williams, Edward Bennett. person
correspondedWith Williams, Edward Bennett. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Cyprus
United States
United States
Washington (D.C.)
Cyprus
United States
Vietnam
United States
Subject
Law--United States
National security
Presidents--United States--Transition periods
Presidents--Transition periods
Presidents--Staff
Presidents--United States--Election
Cabinet officers
Law
Practice of law--Washington (D.C.)
Elections
Presidents--Election
Cold War
Industrial policy
Business
Legislation
Presidents--Messages
Labor policy
Practice of law
Banks and banking
International relations
Elections--United States
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Occupation
Government attorneys--United States
Cabinet officers
Lawyers
Government executives--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1906-12-25

Death 1998-10-10

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h1338s

Ark ID: w6h1338s

SNAC ID: 45934817