Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974

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Sexton was a poet and playwright.

From the description of Poems, 1961-1962. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 78491220

Anne Sexton was one of the most popular and critically acclaimed American poets of the 20th century. Her complex, confessional verse treated such topics as mental illness, sexual liberation, and 1960s Americana with honesty and wit. Born in Newton, Massachusetts, Anne Sexton committed suicide in 1974.

From the description of Anne Sexton letters and poems, 1963-1974. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 49919242

American poet.

From the description of Anne Sexton Papers, 1912-1996, (bulk 1953-1974). (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122492286

From the description of Anne Sexton letter to Catherine Hartman [manuscript], 1970 September 2. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 397648396

Poet and writer.

From the description of LOVE POEMS manuscript, 1968. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 232608623

Born Anne Gray Harvey, Anne Sexton (1928-1974) was the youngest of three daughters born to a well-off couple in Weston, Massachusetts. Sexton's father owned and ran a wool business and her mother, well educated and intelligent, maintained an active social schedule of parties and charity events. The sisters were not close, each vying for the attention of their busy parents and pursuing their own interests. Anne's behavior as a child, seemingly always in motion, making noise, and looking disheveled, excluded her from many of the family's social activities.

In junior high school Sexton lost her awkwardness and became the center of a gang of girlfriends. Her first attempt at poetry resulted from a breakup with long-time boyfriend Jack McCarthy. During her senior year in high school Sexton wrote more poetry, some of which was published in the school paper. When Sexton's mother essentially accused her of plagiarizing the poems, Sexton stopped writing poetry altogether for ten years.

After high school, in 1947, Sexton attended finishing school at the Garland School in Boston. While there, she became engaged and began planning a big wedding. However, in 1948, Sexton met and fell in love with Alfred Muller Sexton II, nicknamed Kayo. In August of the same year, afraid that she was pregnant, Sexton and Kayo, on the advice of her mother, eloped to North Carolina. Returning from their honeymoon, the young couple spent the next few years moving back and forth between their parents' homes. Kayo dropped his pre-med studies after a few months and found work with a wool firm. In 1951, Kayo was shipped overseas with the naval reserves, and in the fall of 1952, Sexton joined him in San Francisco, where his ship was being overhauled, and almost immediately became pregnant. They returned to Massachusetts for the Christmas holidays and Sexton remained at her parents' home for the remainder of her pregnancy. Linda Gray Sexton was born on July 21, 1953, and shortly thereafter the Sextons bought a house in Newton Lower Falls, MA, and Kayo accepted a position with his father-in-law's wool company. Two years later, Joyce Ladd Sexton was born on August 4, 1955.

Shortly after Joyce's birth, Sexton began a year-long slide into the depression that would plague her for the rest of her life. Feeling disoriented and agitated, she sought help from Dr. Martha Brunner-Orne who diagnosed post-partum depression and prescribed medication. After five months of treatment Sexton developed a paralyzing fear of being alone with her children. She became increasingly prone to attacks of blinding rage which often led to abusive behavior towards Linda. Afraid that she would actually kill the child, Sexton finally confided some of her problems to her family and they rallied to support her. During Kayo's business trips, his sister would stay with her, and Kayo's father offered to help cover some of the expenses of therapy. Sexton's parents sent their housemaid to help with the housework and also sent money. However, this practical help did not solve Sexton's problems and in July of 1956 she entered Westwood Lodge, a private hospital, for three weeks. While at Westwood Lodge, Sexton met Dr. Brunner's son, Dr. Orne, who was to be her psychiatrist for the next eight years.

Sexton was released from Westwood Lodge on August 3, 1956, but her condition continued to decline. Dr. Orne placed her in Glenside Mental Institution after she took an overdose of Nembutal in November. Sometime in 1956, Sexton began writing poetry. She showed the poems to Orne who vigorously encouraged her to continue writing. Over the course of 1957, Sexton brought over 60 completed poems to Orne for approval. In the fall of 1957, she began attending an adult education poetry workshop taught by John Holmes. By the end of the year, Holmes suggested that Sexton seek publication. In April of 1958, The Fiddlehead Review published Eden Revisited.

Sexton continued to attend Holmes' seminar through 1958. It was there that she met and became close friends with Maxine Kumin. That same year, Sexton attended the Antioch Writer's Conference, where she worked with W.D. Snodgrass, and took a graduate poetry writing seminar with Robert Lowell. In 1959 she received a Robert Frost Scholarship to attend the Bread Loaf Writer's Conference in Vermont. In 1960 this work culminated in the publication of a collection of poems, To Bedlam and Partway Back. Well received, Bedlam was the first of ten collections of verse Sexton published in her lifetime.

Over the next fourteen years Sexton wrote poetry, short stories, a major theatrical production, and presented her poetry at readings, alone and with musical accompaniment. She taught poetry courses at Boston University, Oberlin, and Wayland High School. She became a major presence in the American poetry scene and helped earn respect for women poets in general. In 1965 she was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and in 1967 she received both the Shelley Memorial Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Live or Die (1966). In 1968 Sexton was awarded honorary membership in the Harvard chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, the first woman to receive this award, and in 1969 she was made a member of the Radcliffe chapter. She received honorary doctorates from Tufts University and Fairfield University in 1970, and from Regis College in 1973.

Despite these and other accolades, Sexton continued to struggle with her mental illness, taking pills and drinking heavily to combat her fears. To the dismay of many, but perhaps the surprise of none, she took her own life on October 4, 1974. Sexton's daughters and friends published several volumes of poems and letters after her death, including 45 Mercy Street (1975), Anne Sexton: A Self-Portrait in Letters (1977), and Words for Dr. Y.: Uncollected Poems with Three Short Stories (1978).

From the guide to the Anne Sexton Papers 122492286., 1912-1996, (bulk 1953-1974), (Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin)

Born Anne Gray Harvey, Anne Sexton (1928-1974) was the youngest of three daughters born to a well-off couple in Weston, Massachusetts. Sexton's father owned and ran a wool business and her mother, well educated and intelligent, maintained an active social schedule of parties and charity events. The sisters were not close, each vying for the attention of their busy parents and pursuing their own interests. Anne's behavior as a child, seemingly always in motion, making noise, and looking disheveled, excluded her from many of the family's social activities.

In junior high school Sexton lost her awkwardness and became the center of a gang of girlfriends. Her first attempt at poetry resulted from a breakup with long-time boyfriend Jack McCarthy. During her senior year in high school Sexton wrote more poetry, some of which was published in the school paper. When Sexton's mother essentially accused her of plagiarizing the poems, Sexton stopped writing poetry altogether for ten years.

After high school, in 1947, Sexton attended finishing school at the Garland School in Boston. While there, she became engaged and began planning a big wedding. However, in 1948, Sexton met and fell in love with Alfred Muller Sexton II, nicknamed Kayo. In August of the same year, afraid that she was pregnant, Sexton and Kayo, on the advice of her mother, eloped to North Carolina. Returning from their honeymoon, the young couple spent the next few years moving back and forth between their parents' homes. Kayo dropped his pre-med studies after a few months and found work with a wool firm. In 1951, Kayo was shipped overseas with the naval reserves, and in the fall of 1952, Sexton joined him in San Francisco, where his ship was being overhauled, and almost immediately became pregnant. They returned to Massachusetts for the Christmas holidays and Sexton remained at her parents' home for the remainder of her pregnancy. Linda Gray Sexton was born on July 21, 1953, and shortly thereafter the Sextons bought a house in Newton Lower Falls, MA, and Kayo accepted a position with his father-in-law's wool company. Two years later, Joyce Ladd Sexton was born on August 4, 1955.

Shortly after Joyce's birth, Sexton began a year-long slide into the depression that would plague her for the rest of her life. Feeling disoriented and agitated, she sought help from Dr. Martha Brunner-Orne who diagnosed post-partum depression and prescribed medication. After five months of treatment Sexton developed a paralyzing fear of being alone with her children. She became increasingly prone to attacks of blinding rage which often led to abusive behavior towards Linda. Afraid that she would actually kill the child, Sexton finally confided some of her problems to her family and they rallied to support her. During Kayo's business trips, his sister would stay with her, and Kayo's father offered to help cover some of the expenses of therapy. Sexton's parents sent their housemaid to help with the housework and also sent money. However, this practical help did not solve Sexton's problems and in July of 1956 she entered Westwood Lodge, a private hospital, for three weeks. While at Westwood Lodge, Sexton met Dr. Brunner's son, Dr. Orne, who was to be her psychiatrist for the next eight years.

Sexton was released from Westwood Lodge on August 3, 1956, but her condition continued to decline. Dr. Orne placed her in Glenside Mental Institution after she took an overdose of Nembutal in November. Sometime in 1956, Sexton began writing poetry. She showed the poems to Orne who vigorously encouraged her to continue writing. Over the course of 1957, Sexton brought over 60 completed poems to Orne for approval. In the fall of 1957, she began attending an adult education poetry workshop taught by John Holmes. By the end of the year, Holmes suggested that Sexton seek publication. In April of 1958, The Fiddlehead Review published Eden Revisited.

Sexton continued to attend Holmes' seminar through 1958. It was there that she met and became close friends with Maxine Kumin. That same year, Sexton attended the Antioch Writer's Conference, where she worked with W.D. Snodgrass, and took a graduate poetry writing seminar with Robert Lowell. In 1959 she received a Robert Frost Scholarship to attend the Bread Loaf Writer's Conference in Vermont. In 1960 this work culminated in the publication of a collection of poems, To Bedlam and Partway Back . Well received, Bedlam was the first of ten collections of verse Sexton published in her lifetime.

In 1961 Sexton received a Radcliffe Institute fellowship as did her friend Maxine Kumin (1961-1963). The two women became part of a circle of close friends that included the fiction writer Tillie Olsen and the painter Barbara Swan. Sexton bought one of Swan's first lithographs, and the two later collaborated on various projects, including some broadsides, jackets for three works ( Live or Die, The Book of Folly, and The Death Notebooks ), and illustrations for Transformations .

Over the next fourteen years Sexton wrote poetry, short stories, a major theatrical production, and presented her poetry at readings, alone and with musical accompaniment. She taught poetry courses at Boston University, Oberlin, and Wayland High School. She became a major presence in the American poetry scene and helped earn respect for women poets in general. In 1965 she was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and in 1967 she received both the Shelley Memorial Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Live or Die (1966). In 1968 Sexton was awarded honorary membership in the Harvard chapter of Phi Beta Kappa, the first woman to receive this award, and in 1969 she was made a member of the Radcliffe chapter. She received honorary doctorates from Tufts University and Fairfield University in 1970, and from Regis College in 1973.

Despite these and other accolades, Sexton continued to struggle with her mental illness, taking pills and drinking heavily to combat her fears. To the dismay of many, but perhaps the surprise of none, she took her own life on October 4, 1974. Sexton's daughters and friends published several volumes of poems and letters after her death, including 45 Mercy Street (1975), Anne Sexton: A Self-Portrait in Letters (1977), and Words for Dr. Y.: Uncollected Poems with Three Short Stories (1978).

From the guide to the Anne Sexton Art Collection, 1967, n.d., (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf DeSantis, Dennis. Three songs : for high voice and piano / by Dennis DeSantis. Bowling Green State University, BGSU Libraries
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Sylvia's death, 1963 February 17. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn American Place Theatre Company records, 1953-2010, bulk 1963-2002 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn Gordon Cairnie papers, 1922-1973. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Woodberry Poetry Room (Harvard College Library). Additional poems, 1896-1967. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Sterling Lord Archive, Bulk, 1952-1998, 1946-1998 Fales Library & Special Collections
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. The moss of his skin. Ball State University Library, Bracken Library
creatorOf Hilmy, Steven Campbell. Us : for tenor saxophone and electronics / Steven Campbell Hilmy. Bowling Green State University, BGSU Libraries
creatorOf Barnstone, Aliki. Papers, 1967-1978. Indiana University
referencedIn Yehuda Amichai papers, 1929-1999 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Robert Lowell papers, 1861-1976 (inclusive) 1935-1970 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Anne Sexton Papers 122492286., 1912-1996, (bulk 1953-1974) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Harper's magazine records, 1847-1983 (bulk 1940-1983). Library of Congress
referencedIn [Newton citizens : noteworthy biographies]. Minuteman Library Network
creatorOf Pender, Scott. Anne Sexton's bestiary : nine songs for soprano voice and piano / [music by] Scott Pender ; [words by] Anne Sexton. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Sylvia's death [manuscript], 1963 February 17. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Bruce Berlind Collection, 1950-1981. Colgate University, Everett Needham Case Library
referencedIn Hecht, Anthony, 1923-2004. Anthony Hecht papers, 1894-2004. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Autograph File, S, 1556-1996. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Wright, James Arlington, 1927-1980. James Wright Papers, 1943-1985. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Amichai, Yehuda. Yehuda Amichai papers, 1929-1999. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Anne Sexton letters and poems, 1963-1974. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Swan, Barbara, 1922-. Barbara Swan papers, 1927-1992. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Poems, 1961-1962. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Typed letters signed (18), autograph letter signed (1), and postcards signed (2) : Newton Lower Falls and Weston, Mass., Brussels, and [n.p.], to Nolan Miller, 1958 June 1-1974 Aug. 7. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Maloney, Alta. [Collection of newspaper and magazine articles relating to Anne Sexton]. Minuteman Library Network
creatorOf Hagen, Daron, 1961-. Days without you : for soprano and chamber orchestra / by Daron Hagen ; poems by Anne Sexton. Free Library of Philadelphia, Parkway Central Library
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Anne Sexton Papers, 1912-1996, (bulk 1953-1974). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf MacGillivray, Arthur. Arthur MacGillivray Papers, 1930-1987. Boston College, Thomas P. O'Neill Library
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Anne Sexton letter to Catherine Hartman [manuscript], 1970 September 2. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. LOVE POEMS manuscript, 1968. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Office files, of The American Poetry Review, 1971-1978. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Anne Sexton Art Collection, 1967, n.d. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Papers, 1944-1981. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Madsen, Pamela A. Demon : extract from "Consorting with angels" / Pamela A. Madsen ; texts: Anne Sexton. Bowling Green State University, BGSU Libraries
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Typed letter signed Anne to: Doris December, 1959]. Wellesley College
referencedIn Harper's Magazine Records, 1847-1983, (bulk 1940-1983) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
creatorOf Smit, Leo, 1921-1999. The dwarf heart : soprano + piano : six songs / poems by Anne Sexton ; music by Leo Smit. SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
creatorOf Sexton, Anne, 1928-1974. Letter, 1961 September 17, Newton Lower Falls, Mass. [to] William Read / Anne Sexton. The Sage Colleges Libraries
referencedIn Ben Shaktman Papers, 1949-2009 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Poets--Poetry
American poetry--20th century
Love poetry, American
Fantasy
American poetry
Poets, American--20th century
Women poets, American--Correspondence
Occupation
Poets
Women poets
Women authors
Function

Person

Birth 1928-11-09

Death 1974-10-04

Americans

English

Information

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