Smith, Ashbel, 1805-1886Alternative names
Confederate officer; physician; promoted to colonel and named commander of the 2nd Texas Infantry Regiment.
From the description of Civil War letter of Ashbel Smith, 1862 Nov. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 154690530
Texas diplomat, lawyer, physician, soldier, educator, author, and Surgeon-General of the Republic of Texas.
From the description of Correspondence, 1843-1851. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122608759
A native of Hartford, Connecticut, Ashbel Smith was born on August 13, 1805. His formal education included bachelors and masters degrees from Yale University, as well as an M.D. from the same university in 1828. Smith continued his education in Paris before settling down to establish a practice in Salisbury, North Carolina. By 1836 he moved to Texas and quickly became a close acquaintance of Sam Houston, earning the post of Surgeon General with the Republic of Texas army. Houston also employed Smith as an aide in Texas' relations with England, France, Mexico, and other foreign powers. In the 1840s Smith worked to have Texas recognized by Mexico as an independent nation, a position that proved unpopular with Texans seeking annexation with the United States. Nonetheless, after Texas finally joined the United States he served three terms in the Texas state legislature. He fought in the Mexican War of 1846 and was a Confederate officer during the Civil War, suffering a wound to his arm at Shiloh. Smith never abandoned his vocation as a doctor and was instrumental in treating those afflicted by yellow fever in Galveston in 1839 and went on to write a respected work on the epidemic. He helped to found the Texas Medical Association and served as the organization's president in the early 1880s. Smith also fought for public education in Texas and late in life worked to establish the University of Texas, which was founded in 1883. He served on the University of Texas Board of Regents and worked to attract top instructors from around the United States. Ashbel Smith died January 21, 1886.
From the description of Smith, Ashbel, papers, 1823-1926. (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 70706481
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