Ballinger, Richard Achilles, 1858-1922

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Richard Achilles Ballinger was mayor of Seattle, Washington from 1904–1906 and United States Secretary of the Interior from 1909–1911. He was born on July 9, 1858 in Boonesboro, Iowa, and graduated from Williams College in 1884. After serving as mayor of Seattle, Ballinger attracted the attention of President Theodore Roosevelt's administration and was appointed commissioner of the General Land Office from 1907 to 1909. In 1909, President William Howard Taft appointed him Secretary of the Interior. During his term, Ballinger sought to make public resources more available for private interests. He ran afoul of Gifford Pinchot, chief of the Division of Forestry in the Department of Agriculture, in a highly publicized controversy. Ballinger was accused of interfering in an investigation into the legality of private interests in coal reserves in Alaska. Taft supported Ballinger, and a congressional committee exonerated Ballinger. Nevertheless, Ballinger resigned in March 1911. During the investigation, Ballinger made known his views against conservationism. The controversy caused a rift between conservative Republicans led by Taft and progressive Republicans loyal to Roosevelt. The incident split the Republican Party and helped turn the election of 1912 against Taft. Ballinger died on June 6, 1922, in Seattle, Washington.

From the guide to the Richard A. Ballinger papers, 1879-1929, 1907-1911, (University of Washington Libraries Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Penick, James L. A matter of policy, the Ballinger-Pinchot controversy of 1910, undated. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Richard A. Ballinger papers, 1879-1929, 1907-1911 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
creatorOf Hyde, Wesley W. Wesley W. Hyde papers, 1902-1913 and undated. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Brown, Ashmun Norris, 1872-1948. The flags of Washington, 1906 / [by Ashmun Brown]. Washington State Library, Office of Secretary of State
referencedIn Franklin MacVeagh Papers, 1799-1934, (bulk 1909-1913) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Thomas Henry Carter Papers, 1833-1917, (bulk 1888-1917) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Shipman, Genevieve Nolan, 1898-. Papers, 1941-1943. Dartmouth College Library
referencedIn Records of the Forest Service. 1870 - 2008. Audio Interviews and Speeches Relating to Alaska. 1963 - 1985. Frank Heintzleman Interview
referencedIn Gifford Pinchot Papers, 1770-1972, (bulk 1870-1946) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Knute Nelson papers., 1861-1924. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn MacVeagh, Franklin, 1837-1934. Franklin MacVeagh papers, 1799-1933 (bulk 1909-1913). Library of Congress
creatorOf Hyde, Wesley W. Wesley W. Hyde papers, 1902-1913 and undated. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Richard A. Ballinger letter, 1909 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Walter L. Fisher Papers, 1871-1963, (bulk 1909-1920) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Records of the Forest Service. 1870 - 2008. Audio Interviews and Speeches Relating to Alaska. 1963 - 1985. Frank Heintzleman Interview
referencedIn Gardner, Augustus Peabody, 1865-1918. Letters, 1906-1912. Boston Athenaeum
creatorOf Nelson, Knute, 1843-1923. Knute Nelson papers, 1861-1924 (bulk 1916-1923). Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn William H. Taft Papers, 1784-1973, (bulk 1880-1930) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Glavis, L. R. (Louis Russell), 1883-1971. Papers of L. R. Glavis, 1907-1971 (bulk 1933-1935). Library of Congress
referencedIn Jefferson County Genealogical Society (Jefferson County, Wash.). Port Townsend citizens biographies, undated. Jefferson County Historical Society
referencedIn Carter, Thomas Henry, 1854-1911. Papers of Thomas Henry Carter, 1883-1917. Library of Congress
referencedIn Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. Papers of William H. Taft, 1784-1973. Library of Congress
referencedIn Hilles, Charles Dewey, 1867-1949. Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1823-1955 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Plunkett, Horace Curzon, Sir, 1854-1932. Correspondence [microform], 1908-1919. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. William H. Taft papers, 1784-1973 (bulk 1880-1930). Library of Congress
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1823-1955 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Butt, Archibald Willingham, 1866-1912. Archibald Willingham Butt letters, 1908-1912 [microform]. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Hyde, Wesley W. Wesley W. Hyde papers, 1902-1913 and undated. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Wesley W. Hyde papers, 1902-1913 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Seattle
Political Campaigns
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1858-07-09

Death 1922-06-06

English

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