Whitman, Sarah Helen, 1803-1878

Alternative names
Birth 1803-01-19
Death 1878-06-27

Biographical notes:

Poet, friend of Edgar Allan Poe.

From the description of Papers of Sarah Helen Whitman [manuscript], 1872, n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647805085

Consisting of correspondence, poetry, and newspaper articles of Whitman. The collection mainly consists of correspondence with Poe's biographers William Fearing Gill, John Henry Ingram, and Richard Henry Stoddard, but spiritualism and minor male and female writers, such as George William Curtis and Frances Sargent Osgood, are also represented.

From the description of Papers, 1816-1878. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122622963

Sarah Helen Whitman was an American poet and essayist and the author of a biography of Edgar Allan Poe.

From the description of The Lost church, translation into English of poem by Ludwig Uhland, ca. 1850-1878. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 49014698

  • 1803 Jan 19: Birth of Sarah Helen Power.
  • 1828 Jul 10: Marriage to John Winslow Whitman.
  • 1829: First publication of a poem, "Retrospection," in Ladies Magazine.
  • 1830: Beginning of the Providence literary circle, the "phalanstery," which would center around Sarah Helen Whitman for the rest of her life.
  • 1833: Death of husband.
  • 1845: Poe first sees Whitman in a garden and writes "To Helen." She responds to this sonnet and their correspondence begins.
  • 1848: First meeting between Poe and Whitman.
  • 1849: Engagement and rupture.
  • 1853: Publication of Whitman's "Hours of Life, and Other Poems".
  • 1860: Publication of Whitman's "Edgar Poe and His Critics".
  • 1860: The beginning of inquiries by Poe's biographers to Whitman enlisting her aid in their work. These queries lasted throughout the rest of her life.
  • 1878 Jun 27: Death of Sarah Helen Whitman.

From the guide to the Sarah Helen Whitman papers, Whitman (Sarah Helen) papers, 1816-1878, 1816-1878, (Brown University Library Special Collections)


Loading Relationships


Ark ID:


  • Autographs--Collectors and collecting
  • Genealogy
  • Spiritualism--19th century
  • United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--African Americans
  • Women poets--United States
  • German poems--Translations into English
  • Negroes--History to 1863
  • Education of women
  • Women authors


  • Women authors
  • Scribe


  • United States (as recorded)
  • Providence (as recorded)
  • Rhode Island (as recorded)
  • 19th century (as recorded)