Stinson, Katherine, 1891-1977

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Kathrine Stinson was born 1891 in Fort Payne, Alabama. She developed an interest in aviation and became one of the first woman air pilots in 1912. She met her husband, Miguel A. Otero, Jr., while recuperating from tuberculosis in Santa Fe, NM.

From the guide to the Katherine Stinson Pictorial Collection, 1850-1969, (University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research)

Air pilot, stuntflyer; interviewee married Miguel A. Otero.

From the description of Reminiscences of Katherine Stinson : oral history, 1960. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122569772

Katherine Stinson was born February 14, 1891, in Fort Payne, Alabama. Stinson made history as one of the first women pilots in the world. She was an early pioneer in American aviation, and set numerous long-distance flying records. At age 19, Stinson was the fourth woman to obtain a U.S. pilot's license (1912). She was the first woman to skywrite, to loop-the-loop (1915), to fly as a U.S. mail carrier, to fly over London, and to fly in the Orient, where she conducted a barnstorming tour. Stinson was the first person of either gender to record a night flight, and to perform night skywriting. In 1913 Stinson co-founded the Stinson Aviation Company with her mother, and designed and built aircraft. She was also the first woman to own and operate a flying school, the Stinson School of Aviation in San Antonio, Texas (1915). Kate and her younger sister Marjorie trained over 100 people to fly, including Canadian pilots who flew with the RAF/RCF in World War I. Denied permission to enlist in the U.S. Army during WW I, Stinson drove an ambulance in London and on the front lines in France. Stinson was the first female engineering graduate of North Carolina State University (1941), the first female engineer hired by the Civil Aeronautics Administration (Stinson had a 32-year career with the CAA), and founded the Society of Women Engineers. Stinson developed tuberculosis in the 1920s and moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico. In 1928, Stinson married Miguel A. Otero, Jr., the son of former New Mexico Territorial Governor Miguel Otero. Katherine and Miguel raised four adopted children (Katherine's brother Jack's children). Although Stinson Otero had no professional training as an architect, she acquired an affinity for Southwest architecture and began designing notable private residences in Santa Fe in the Spanish Pueblo Style, becoming an award-winning home designer. Stinson Otero's approach to architectural design was highly unconventional; she drew only informal design-level plans for the homes she created. Additionally, she walked around the construction site with her workmen, pointing out to them where she wanted the walls constructed as work progressed. Stinson Otero died at age 86 at her home in Santa Fe on July 8, 1977, and is buried in Santa Fe National Cemetery. Other noteworthy Stinson Otero residences include houses she designed in the Plaza Chamisal off the Acequia Madre in Santa Fe, including the principal residence she shared with her husband, and the Dorothy McKibben house on Old Santa Fe Trail.

From the description of Katherine Stinson Otero drawings and plans, 1928-1938. (University of New Mexico-Main Campus). WorldCat record id: 144610579

Katherine Stinson was born February 14, 1891, in Fort Payne, Alabama. Stinson made history as one of the first women pilots in the world. She was an early pioneer in American aviation, and set numerous long-distance flying records. At age 19, Stinson was the fourth woman to obtain a U.S. pilot’s license (1912). She was the first woman to skywrite, to loop-the-loop (1915), to fly as a U.S. mail carrier, to fly over London, and to fly in the Orient, where she conducted a barnstorming tour. Stinson was the first person of either gender to record a night flight, and to perform night skywriting. In 1913 Stinson co-founded the Stinson Aviation Company with her mother, and designed and built aircraft. She was also the first woman to own and operate a flying school, the Stinson School of Aviation in San Antonio, Texas (1915). Kate and her younger sister Marjorie trained over 100 people to fly, including Canadian pilots who flew with the RAF/RCF in World War I. Denied permission to enlist in the U.S. Army during WW I, Stinson drove an ambulance in London and on the front lines in France. Stinson was the first female engineering graduate of North Carolina State University (1941), the first female engineer hired by the Civil Aeronautics Administration (Stinson had a 32-year career with the CAA), and founded the Society of Women Engineers.

Stinson developed tuberculosis in the 1920s and moved to Santa Fe, New Mexico. In 1928, Stinson married Miguel A. Otero, Jr., the son of former New Mexico Territorial Governor Miguel Otero. Katherine and Miguel raised four adopted children (Katherine’s brother Jack’s children).

Although Stinson Otero had no professional training as an architect, she acquired an affinity for Southwest architecture and began designing notable private residences in Santa Fe in the Spanish Pueblo Style, becoming an award-winning home designer. Stinson Otero’s approach to architectural design was highly unconventional; she drew only informal design-level plans for the homes she created. Additionally, she walked around the construction site with her workmen, pointing out to them where she wanted the walls constructed as work progressed. Stinson Otero died at age 86 at her home in Santa Fe on July 8, 1977, and is buried in Santa Fe National Cemetery.

Other noteworthy Stinson Otero residences include houses she designed in the Plaza Chamisal off the Acequia Madre in Santa Fe, including the principal residence she shared with her husband, and the Dorothy McKibben house on Old Santa Fe Trail.

From the guide to the Katherine Stinson Otero Drawings and Plans, 1928-1938, (University of New Mexico Center for Southwest Research)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Otero, Miguel A., 1892-. Otero-Stinson family papers, 1843-1985. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Stinson, Marjorie Claire, 1896-1975. Marjorie Claire Stinson papers, 1900-1975 (bulk 1955-1975). Library of Congress
referencedIn Katherine Stinson certificate 1927 Museum of New Mexico Library
creatorOf Katherine Stinson Pictorial Collection, 1850-1969 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
creatorOf Stinson, Katherine B. A study of symbolism in Tennyson's "In memoriam". Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Stinson, Katherine, 1891-1977. Katherine Stinson Otero drawings and plans, 1928-1938. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Otero-Stinson Family Papers, 1843-1985 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
creatorOf Katherine Stinson Otero Drawings and Plans, 1928-1938 The University of New Mexico, University Libraries, Center for SouthwestResearch
referencedIn Marjorie Claire Stinson Papers, 1900-1975, (bulk 1955-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Carmen Quintana Collection, 1782-1958 (bulk 1860-1933) New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
referencedIn Stinson Aviation Company. Katherine Stinson. Texas Woman's University Library, Mary Evelyn Blagg-Huey Library
creatorOf Stinson, Katherine, 1891-1977. Reminiscences of Katherine Stinson : oral history, 1960. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Friedman, Roy. Roy Friedman scrapbook, 1914-1987. Library of Congress
referencedIn Quintana, Carmen. Carmen Quintana collection, 1782-1958 (bulk, 1860-1933). New Mexico State Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Aeronautics person
associatedWith Cutting, Bronson M., 1888-1935 person
associatedWith Friedman, Roy. person
associatedWith Gilpin, Laura person
associatedWith Leish, Kenneth W., person
associatedWith New Mexico Military Institute corporateBody
associatedWith Otero family family
associatedWith Otero, Miguel A., 1892- person
associatedWith Otero-Stinson family family
associatedWith Quintana, Carmen. person
associatedWith Stinson, Marjorie Claire, 1896-1975. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Southwest, New
New Mexico
New Mexico--Santa Fe
Subject
World War, 1914-1918
Women air pilots
Women in aeronautics
World War, 1939-1945
Aeronautics
Air pilots
Architecture
Architecture
Architecture
Architecture
Aviation
Baca, Elfego, 1864-1945
Dissett Mary E
Politicians
Stunt flying
Occupation
Architect
Activity

Person

Birth 1891-02-14

Death 1977-07-08

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