Flaubert, Gustave, 1821-1880

Alternative names
Birth 1821-12-12
Death 1880-05-08

Biographical notes:

Epithet: novelist

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000208.0x0002a1

French writer.

From the description of Travel notes, ca. 1851. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80148606

Gustave Flaubert, a 19th century French novelist, known primarily for his first novel Madame Bovary, published in 1857 and for his collected letters.

From the description of Doria: manuscript, [ca. 1851]. (Temple University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 86166239

Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880) was a French author and novelist known for his realist works such as Madame Bovary .

Gustave Flaubert was born on December 12, 1821 to Anne-Justine-Caroline Fleuriot and Achille-Cléophas, chief surgeon at the Hôpital Dieu in Rouen. Flaubert was one of three children, having a brother, Achille, and a sister, Caroline. During his boyhood, the Flaubert family lived in one of the wings of the hospital where his father worked. At his father's urging, Flaubert enrolled in law school in Paris in 1841. However, Flaubert suffered from an epileptic seizure in January of 1844 while riding home from school. Although he recovered, he continued to suffer relapses. After this point, his father accepted Gustave's decision to pursue writing as a career.

While in Paris, Flaubert met Maxime Du Camp. Flaubert accompanied Du Camp on a trip to the Middle East in 1849, visiting Cairo, Alexandria, Beirut, Jerusalem, and Damascus, as well as cities in Turkey, Greece, and Italy. Flaubert was also a close friend and frequent correspondent of Amantine-Aurore-Lucile Dupin, a French novelist and feminist who wrote under the pseudonym George Sand. He went on to have a successful literary career and is viewed as one of the great French novelists. Flaubert died on May 8, 1880 of a stroke.

  • 1838: Mémoires d'un fou ( Memoirs of a Madman)
  • 1842: Novembre ( November)
  • 1857: Madame Bovary, mours de province ( Madame Bovary. A Tale of Provincial Life or Madame Bovary. Provincial Manners)
  • 1869: L'Éducation sentimentale, histoire d'un jeune homme ( Sentimental Education: A Young Man's History)
  • 1874: La Tentation de saint Antoine ( The Temptation of Saint Anthony)
  • 1877: Trois contes ( Three Tales)
  • 1881: Bouvard et Pécuchet

From the guide to the Gustave Flaubert Correspondence, 1853-1872, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)


Loading Relationships


Ark ID:


  • French fiction--19th century
  • History, Modern
  • Middle Ages
  • Ciegos--Libros y lectura
  • French poetry--Manuscripts
  • Novelists, French
  • Authors, French
  • Mural painting and decoration
  • Literature--French
  • Art criticism
  • Flemish painting
  • French language--History
  • Color in art
  • Perspective
  • Sepulchral monuments
  • French literature--19th century


  • Novelists
  • Authors


  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Etruria (as recorded)