Harrington, Oliver W. (Oliver Wendell), 1912-

Variant names

Hide Profile

The Daily Worker, the official organ of the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA), traces its origins back to the Communist Labor Party, founded in Chicago in 1919. The Communist Labor Party’s paper was known as the Toiler . When the Communist Labor Party and the Workers Party merged in 1921, the Toiler became the weekly paper The Worker . Two years later, the paper changed its name to the Daily Worker . As a daily newspaper, the Daily Worker covered the major stories of the 20th century, while at the same time speaking to the left-wing sector of the American population, which included labor, civil rights, and peace activists. The newspaper emphasized radical social movements, labor struggles, racial discrimination, right wing extremism, the Soviet Union, and the world-wide Communist movement.

The CPUSA grew under increasing attack following WWII. The rise of McCarthyism and the Red Scare eventually forced the Party to go underground, and in 1958, the Daily Worker shut down operation. In 1960, it resumed bi-weekly publication as The Worker, but never achieved the level of popularity it had in the 1930s and 1940s.

In 1967, the paper now known as the Daily World, again became a daily. It reported on the civil rights movement, including sit-ins, voter registration campaigns and the Freedom Rides. In the late 1960s and into the early 1970s, the Daily World aligned itself with the anti-Vietnam War and black nationalist movements.

In 1986 the paper merged with the CPUSA's West Coast weekly, the People's World . The newly formed People's Daily World was published from 1987 until 1991, when daily publication was abandoned in favor of a weekly edition, renamed the People's Weekly World . During this period the paper focused heavily on labor union activity, particularly in cities like Detroit and Chicago, as well as the growing anti-globalization movement.

Shifting its operations back to Chicago between 2001 and 2002, the paper changed its name to the People's World in 2009. In 2010, the paper ceased print publication and became an electronic, online-only, publication.

Specific artists represented in the Daily Worker/ Daily World Cartoon Collection include: Fred Ellis, Ollie Harrington, Hugo Gellert, Norman Goldberg, Kinkaid, and James Erickson (Eric), among numerous others.

From the guide to the The, Daily Worker, and, Daily World, Cartoon Collection, Bulk, 1940-1980, 1928-2002, (Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf National Urban League. Records of the National Urban League, 1910-1986 (bulk 1930-1979). Library of Congress
creatorOf Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Cartoon Collection, 1928-2002 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Negatives Collection, 1930-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the James E. Jackson and Esther Cooper Jackson Papers, 1917-2018 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Kennedy, Stetson,. Stetson Kennedy oral history interview, 1988 Nov. 26. Georgia State University
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Ohio State University. Billy Ireland Cartoon Library & Museum. Oliver Harrington 1912-1995 biographical file. Ohio State University Libraries
referencedIn Guide to the John Pittman Papers, circa 1880s-1987 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the John Pittman Papers, circa 1880s-1987 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn National Urban League Records, 1900-1988, (bulk 1930-1979) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Guide to the James E. Jackson and Esther Cooper Jackson Papers, 1917-2018 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Kennedy, Stetson,. Stetson Kennedy oral history interview, 1988 Oct. 7. Georgia State University
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Daily Worker (New York). corporateBody
associatedWith Daily World (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Ellis, Fred, 1885-1965 person
associatedWith Erickson, James person
associatedWith Gellert, Hugo, 1892-1985 person
associatedWith Jackson, Esther Cooper person
associatedWith Jackson, James E., 1914-2007. person
associatedWith Kennedy, Stetson, person
associatedWith Minor, Robert, 1884-1952 person
associatedWith National Urban League. corporateBody
associatedWith Pittman, John. person
associatedWith Pittman, John. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
African Americans
Anti-war demonstrations
Art
Caricatures and cartoons
Cartoonists
Political cartoons
Civil rights
Civil rights movements
Communism
Communism
Communism
Communism and art
Communists
Elections
Labor leaders
Labor movement
Labor movement
Labor unions
Labor unions and communism
Peace movements
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1912-02-14

Death 1995-11-02

Americans

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69p580q

Ark ID: w69p580q

SNAC ID: 19351487