Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Not only a botanist, plant collector, naturalist, and explorer, Joseph Rock was also a philologist, linguist, and anthropologist. Beginning in 1924 Rock explored northwest China and Tibet, collecting plant material for the Arnold Arboretum and ornithological specimens for Harvard's Museum of Comparative Zoology. On his 1924 expedition Rock collected 20,000 herbarium specimens and many packages of propagative material. Few new species were found but Rock lived up to Sargent's principal objective, which was to collect hardier forms of species that had already been collected by others farther south. From the Arboretum, Rock's seeds were distributed to principal botanical and horticultural institutions in North America and in Europe.

From the description of Papers of Joseph Francis Charles Rock, 1922-1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269373156

Joseph Francis Rock (1884-1962) was a botanist who specialized in the flora of Hawaii and China. His botanical explorations also took him to several locations in Southeast Asia, and he directed many expeditions on which he collected zoological, ornithological, and botanical specimens. An Austrian by birth, Rock moved to Honolulu, Hawaii in 1907, where he became the first official botanist of Hawaii. He became a faculty member of University of Hawaii in 1911, but left in 1920 for botanical expeditions in Asia. In 1949, he finally returned to Honolulu, where he lived until he died in 1962.

Smithsonian Institution Archives Field Book Project: Person : Description : rid_15_pid_EACP14

Rock was educated at the University of Vienna, taught systematics at the College of Hawaii, and made several expeditions between 1920 and 1949 to Yunnan and other parts of Asia for various institutions. He collected plants, birds and mammal skins for his sponsors.

From the description of Botanical papers of Joseph Francis Charles Rock, 1921-1927 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269373182

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962,. Naxi manuscripts collection, 1826-1910 and undated. Harvard University, Harvard-Yenching Library
referencedIn William Baskerville Hamilton Papers, 1700-1975 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962. Papers of Joseph Francis Charles Rock, 1922-1962. Harvard University, Arnold Arboretum, Horticultural Library, Jamacia Plain
referencedIn Harvard University. Gray Herbarium. Administrative correspondence of the Gray Herbarium, 179?-1965 (inclusive), 1840-1955 (bulk) [microform]. Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
creatorOf Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962. Papers of Joseph Francis Charles Rock, 1922-1962. Harvard University, Arnold Arboretum, Horticultural Library, Jamacia Plain
referencedIn United States Sanitary Commission records. Army and Navy Claim Agency archives, 1861-1870 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962. Ch'ing-Hai upper Yellow River expedition : Rock and Simpson, 1925-1927 / [cartography by] J.F. Rock. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
creatorOf Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962. Collections of Jos[eph] F. Rock, China-Tibet border. San Francisco Botanical Garden
referencedIn Franz H. Michael papers, 1948-1984, 1948-1964 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Arnold Arboretum. Records of Curator, Alfred Rehder, 1920-ca. 1948 (inclusive). Harvard University, Arnold Arboretum, Horticultural Library, Jamacia Plain
creatorOf Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962. Botanical papers of Joseph Francis Charles Rock, 1921-1927 (inclusive). Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
referencedIn Arnold Arboretum collection of photographs, 1870- Harvard University, Arnold Arboretum, Horticultural Library, Jamacia Plain
referencedIn Harvard University. Herbaria. Combined records of the Arnold Arboretum and the Gray Herbarium, 1850- Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
creatorOf Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962. Diary fo [i.e. of] Joseph F. Rock, 1924-1927 [microform]. University of Hawaii at Manoa, Hamilton Library
referencedIn Wilson, Ernest Henry, 1876-1930. Records of Keeper, Ernest H. Wilson, 1896-1952 (inclusive), 1896-1930 (bulk). Harvard University, Arnold Arboretum, Horticultural Library, Jamacia Plain
referencedIn Michael, Franz H. Franz H. Michael papers, 1948-1964 (bulk 1948-1964). ND Univ of Washington Libraries (OCLC Worldshare ILL Beta)
referencedIn Sargent, Charles Sprague, 1841-1927. Records of the Director Charles Sprague Sargent, 1893-1927 (inclusive). Harvard University, Arnold Arboretum, Horticultural Library, Jamacia Plain
creatorOf Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962. Ch'ing-hai upper Yellow River expedition, 1925-27 / Rock and Simpson ; [cartography by] J.F. Rock. Harvard University, Harvard Map Collection
creatorOf Rock, Joseph Francis Charles, 1884-1962. Manuscript by Joseph F. Rock, 194?-1950 Harvard University, Harvard-Yenching Library
creatorOf Birnbaum, Martin, 1878-1970. Martin Birnbaum papers, 1862-1970. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Arnold Arboretum. Collection lists and expedition itineraries, 1910- Harvard University, Gray Herbarium
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Ames, Oakes, 1874- person
associatedWith Arnold Arboretum. corporateBody
associatedWith Birnbaum, Martin, 1878-1970. person
associatedWith Elisseeff, Serge, 1889- person
associatedWith Fairchild, David, 1869-1954. person
associatedWith Graves, Ralph E. person
associatedWith Hamilton, William Baskerville, 1908-1972 person
associatedWith Harvard University. Gray Herbarium. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University. Herbaria. corporateBody
associatedWith Merrill, Elmer Drew, 1876-1956. person
associatedWith Michael, Franz H. person
associatedWith Michael, Franz H. person
associatedWith National Geographic Society (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Rehder, Alfred, 1863-1949. person
associatedWith Rock, J. F. person
associatedWith Rock, J. F. C. person
associatedWith Rock, Joseph person
associatedWith Rock, Joseph F. C. person
associatedWith Sargent, Charles Sprague, 1841-1927. person
associatedWith Simpson, William Ekvall, 1901- person
associatedWith United States Sanitary Commission corporateBody
associatedWith Walker, E. H. person
associatedWith Wilson, Ernest Henry, 1876-1930. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Tibet Autonomous Region (China)
China
China
Yellow River (China)
China
Qinghai Sheng (China)
Yellow River (China)
Yunnan Sheng (China)
China--Tibet Autonomous Region
Arnold Arboretum
China
Iowa
Tibet Autonomous Region (China)
China--Tibet Autonomous Region
China
Arnold Arboretum
Qinghai Sheng (China)
China
Subject
Flora
Photograph collections
Scientific expeditions
Bon (Tibetan religion)
Botany
Photographs
Naxi (Chinese people)
Rhododendrons
Naxi literature
Occupation
Botanists
Function

Person

Birth 1884

Death 1962

Americans

Chinese,

Tibetan,

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69g5tbr

Ark ID: w69g5tbr

SNAC ID: 15712711