American Veterans Committee

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The American Veterans Committee (AVC) was an organization of American veterans that formed during World War II and disbanded in 2003. While many other veterans' groups represented veterans' interests during this period, AVC distinguished itself as an alternative veterans' organization with the motto "Citizens first, veterans second." Based in Washington, DC, with chapters across the country, the group advocated for peace and social justice for all Americans while also championing the needs of returning veterans. AVC survived significant organizational turbulence to become an influential advocacy organization -- the American veteran's voice for civil rights and equal rights.

From the description of American Veterans Committee records, 1932-2002, bulk 1942-2002. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 234084988

The American Veterans Committee was organized in 1944 by World War II veterans opposed to compulsory military service and peace-time conscription.

From the description of Collection, 1947-1980. (Swarthmore College, Peace Collection). WorldCat record id: 26889697

The American Veterans Committee (AVC) was founded in 1944 as a progressive veteran’s organization and an alternative to groups such as The American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars. As stated in its newsletter the organization sought, “to achieve a more Democratic and prosperous America and a more stable world.” With the motto of “citizens first, veterans second,” the AVC supported a range of liberal causes; for example, it challenged military segregation and maintained racially integrated chapters in Southern States. Targeted during post-WWII anti-communist campaigns, the AVC purged its Communist members in 1948, justifying the action through their goal to “extend and defend Democracy,” and to “keep the AVC a progressive Veterans’ organization independent of Communist Party-line control.” The AVC disbanded in 2003.

From the guide to the American Veterans Committee, Chicago Area Council. Records, 1946-1973, (Special Collections Research Center University of Chicago Library 1100 East 57th Street Chicago, Illinois 60637 U.S.A.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn American Legion. New York. Willard Straight Post No. 842 (New York, N.Y.). American Legion Willard Straight Post records, 1944-1971. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Benson, Naomi Achenbach. Naomi Achenbach Benson papers, 1895-1961 (bulk 1935-1961). University of Washington Libraries
referencedIn Bartlett, Eliot Fitch. Ball-Bartlett-Fitch family papers, 1889-1992. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn ILGWU. Gus Tyler papers, 1952-1980 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn Straight, Michael Whitney. Michael Whitney Straight papers, 1931-2002. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Thompson, Robert A. (Robert Albert), 1910-. Robert A. Thompson oral history interview, 1989 June 5. Georgia State University
creatorOf American Veterans Committee. Letter, 1946, to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Children's letter to the U.N. : sound recording, 1952 Hoover Institution Archives
referencedIn Gross, Maurice. ILGWU. Maurice Gross papers, 1948-1982. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Adaline Caroline Guenther papers, 1942-1975 University of California, Los Angeles. Library Special Collections.
referencedIn Ming, William Robert, 1911-1973. William Robert Ming papers, 1940-1973. Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University
referencedIn Higham, John. John Higham student notes, 1937-1939. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn History of Indiana University, 1968-1981 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn Moses, John R., 1919-2007. Oral history interview with John R. Moses, [sound recording], 1995. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
creatorOf American Veterans Committee. American Veterans Committee records, 1932-2002, bulk 1942-2002. George Washington University
referencedIn ILGWU. Gus Tyler papers, 1956-1996 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn Guide to the American Veterans Committee: FOIA Files, 1940s-1950s Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Independent Socialist League. Independent Socialist League records, 1945-1958. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Julius Bernstein, 1919-. Julius Bernstein Papers 1920-1984 (bulk 1950-1977). New York University, Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, New York Labor Records Su
referencedIn Gilbert A. Harrison Papers, 1902-1978, (bulk 1960-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President. ILGWU. Gus Tyler papers, 1956-1996. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Julius Bernstein Papers, Bulk, 1950-1977, 1920-1984 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Robert E. Sherwood papers, 1917-1968 (inclusive), 1934-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library
creatorOf American Veterans Committee, Chicago Area Council. Records, 1946-1973 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Julius Bernstein Papers, Bulk, 1950-1977, 1920-1984 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Harrison, Gilbert A. Gilbert A. Harrison papers, 1902-1978 (bulk 1960-1975). Library of Congress
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 98. ILGWU. Local 98 records, 1938-1983. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Sam Reiss Negatives Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Mauldin, Bill, 1921-2003. Papers of Bill Mauldin, 1941-1968. Library of Congress
creatorOf American Veterans Committee. Collection, 1947-1980. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Workers Party and Independent Socialist League Records, 1945-1958 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Guenther, Adaline Caroline, 1897-1975. Papers, 1942-1975. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn American Legion Willard Straight Post records, 1944-1971 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn ILGWU. Maurice Gross papers, 1948-1982 Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
referencedIn ILGWU. Local 98 records, 1938-1983. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives
creatorOf American Veterans Committee. Children's letter to the U.N. : sound recording, 1952. Stanford University, Hoover Institution Library
referencedIn Naomi Achenbach Benson papers, 1895-1961, 1935-1961 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President. ILGWU. Gus Tyler papers, 1952-1980. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Turner, Mort D. Mort D. Turner collection of political ephemera, circa 1931-1953. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf American Veterans Committee. Correspondence to Marian Anderson, 1946. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Douglas, Melvyn. Papers, 1892-1983. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Tibbetts, Norris 1921-. Oral history interview with Norris Tibbetts, [sound recording], 1994-1995. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Bill Mauldin Papers, 1941-1970 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Legion. New York. Willard Straight Post No. 842 corporateBody
associatedWith American Legion. New York. Willard Straight Post No. 842 (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Bartlett, Eliot Fitch. person
associatedWith Benson, Naomi Achenbach person
associatedWith Benson, Naomi Achenbach. person
associatedWith Bernstein, Julius, 1919- person
associatedWith Bolté, Charles G. 1920- person
associatedWith Douglas, Melvyn. person
associatedWith Gross, Maurice. person
associatedWith Guenther, Adaline Caroline, 1897-1975. person
associatedWith Harrison, Gilbert A. person
associatedWith Harrison, Gilbert A. person
associatedWith Higham, John. person
associatedWith Independent Socialist League. corporateBody
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Assistant President. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 98 corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 98. corporateBody
associatedWith Julius Bernstein, 1919- person
associatedWith Kaplan, Stanley A., 1910- person
associatedWith Mauldin, Bill, 1921-2003. person
associatedWith Ming, William Robert, 1911-1973. person
associatedWith Moses, John R., 1919-2007 person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Reiss, Sam. person
correspondedWith Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955 person
associatedWith Straight, Michael Whitney. person
associatedWith Swarthmore College. Peace Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Thompson, Robert A. (Robert Albert), 1910- person
associatedWith Tibbetts, Norris 1921- person
associatedWith Turner, Mort D. person
associatedWith Tyler, Gus. person
associatedWith United States. Air Force. Office of Special Investigations. corporateBody
associatedWith Workers Party, 1940-1949 corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Subject
Political activists
Veterans
Veterans
Civil rights
Draft
Occupation
Activity

Corporate Body

Active 1932

Active 2002

Information

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