Quezon, Manuel Luis, 1878-1944

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Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, KR (19 August 1878 – 1 August 1944), also referred to by his initials MLQ, was a Filipino statesman, soldier and politician who served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the entire Philippines (as opposed to the government of previous Philippine states), and is considered to have been the second president of the Philippines, after Emilio Aguinaldo (1899–1901), whom Quezon defeated in the 1935 presidential election.

During his presidency, Quezon tackled the problem of landless peasants in the countryside. His other major decisions include the reorganization of the islands' military defense, approval of a recommendation for government reorganization, the promotion of settlement and development in Mindanao, dealing with the foreign stranglehold on Philippine trade and commerce, proposals for land reform, and opposing graft and corruption within the government. He established a government-in-exile in the U.S. with the outbreak of World War II and the threat of Japanese invasion.

It was during his exile in the U.S. that he died of tuberculosis at Saranac Lake, New York. He was buried in the Arlington National Cemetery until the end of World War II, when his remains were moved to Manila. His final resting place is the Quezon Memorial Circle.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Parker, George F. (George Frederick), 1847-1928. George F. Parker papers, 1919-1926. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Bandholtz, Harry Hill, 1864-1925. Harry Hill Bandholtz papers, ca. 1890-ca. 1937 [microform]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Harrison, Burton Norvell, 1838-1904. Burton Norvell Harrison family papers, 1812-1926 (bulk 1913-1921). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bandholtz, Harry Hill, 1864-1925. Harry H. Bandholtz papers, ca. 1890-ca. 1937. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn McNutt, Paul V. (Paul Vories), 1891-1955. Mss., 1899-1955 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
creatorOf Records of the Bureau of Insular Affairs. 1868 - 1945. Executive Orders of the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippine Islands
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. quot;PHILIPPINES WATCH amp; WAITquot;
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. (OVERSEAS ACTIVITY. 1941.) National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Manuel Luis Quezon papers, 1909-1944 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Joseph Ralston Hayden Papers, 1854-1975 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Marquardt, Frederic Sylvester, 1905-. Frederic S. Marquardt papers, 1920-1981. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Oscar Terry Crosby Papers, 1878-1947, (bulk 1900-1938) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Harrison, Francis Burton, 1873-1957. Francis Burton Harrison papers [manuscript], 1921-1945, no date. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944. Papers of Theodore Roosevelt, 1780-1962 (bulk 1920-1944). Library of Congress
referencedIn "March of Time" Collection. 1934 - 1951. March of Time Documentary/Newsreel Films Relating to U.S. History, Government, Politics, Culture, and International Affairs. 1935 - 1953. THE PHILIPPINES, 1898-1946 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961, Papers, 1822, 1831, 1845, 1903-2007 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History
referencedIn "March of Time" Collection. 1934 - 1951. March of Time Documentary/Newsreel Films Relating to U.S. History, Government, Politics, Culture, and International Affairs. 1935 - 1953. EIGHTEEN MILLION ORPHANS National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Francis Bowes Sayre Papers, 1861-1967, (bulk 1915-1961) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Quezon, Manuel Luis, 1878-1944. Letter, 1913 Dec. 20, Washington [D.C.] to The Librarian, University of Michigan Library [i.e. T.W. Koch] Ann Arbor. University of Michigan
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. CHECKERBOARD LEGEND SQUADRON Aboard USS BATAAN (CVL-29) National Archives at College Park
referencedIn George Murphy papers, 1911-1961 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
creatorOf Records of the Bureau of Insular Affairs. 1868 - 1945. Proclamations of the President of the Commonwealth of the Philippine Islands
referencedIn Records of the Office of War Information. 1926 - 1951. Motion Picture Films from "United News" Newsreels. 1942 - 1945. THE YEAR 1944 National Archives at College Park
creatorOf Lapus, Narciso. Papers, 1905-1938. Haverford College Library
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [MAY 12]
referencedIn John D. Bulkeley Papers. 1928 - 1984. Personal Papers Dwight D. Eisenhower Library
creatorOf Quezon, Manuel Luis, 1878-1944. [Papers]. Northern Illinois University
creatorOf Quezon, Manuel Luis, 1878-1944. Manuel Luis Quezon papers, 1909-1944. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Quezon, Manuel Luis, 1878-1944. [Letter] 1912 March 29, Washington [to] Rev. Arthur J. Brown, New York / Manuel L. Quezon. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Orientation Films. 1942 - 1949. THIS IS THE PHILIPPINES National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Howard, Roy Wilson, 1883-1964. Papers of Roy Wilson Howard, 1911-1966 (bulk 1920-1963). Library of Congress
referencedIn Goodman, Grant Kohn, 1924-. Grant Kohn Goodman research files, ca. 1900-ca. 1990s. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Philippine independence, 1933-1946. Arizona State University Libraries
creatorOf Winslow, Erving, 1839-1922. Anti-Imperialist League papers, 1903-1922. University of Michigan
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS {DEC 9} National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Parker, Frank. The Frank Parker papers, 1933-1935. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Gressman, Eugene, 1917-. Eugene Gressman papers, 1935-1967 [microform] University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [JUNE 19]
referencedIn Eleanor M. Bumgardner papers, 1919-1967 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. Henry Lewis Stimson papers, 1846-1966. Yale University Library
referencedIn Henry Fountain Ashurst papers, 1896-1963 (bulk 1920-1962) University of Arizona Libraries, Library Special Collections
referencedIn Ashurst, Henry Fountain, 1874-1962. Papers, 1896-1963 (bulk 1920-1962). University of Arizona Libraries
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referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. PRESIDENT QUEZONquot;S FUNERAL AT ARLINGTON CEMETERY National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Theodore Roosevelt Papers, 1780-1962, (bulk 1920-1944) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bell, Edward Price, 1869-1943. Edward Price Bell papers, 1886-1951, bulk 1900-1942. Newberry Library
referencedIn Eugene Gressman papers, 1935-1967 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Carpenter, Frank W. (Frank Watson), 1871-1938. Frank W. Carpenter papers, 1884-1938. Library of Congress
referencedIn Rogers, Paul P. Paul P. Rogers papers, undated. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Documentary Films. 1914 - 1944. OCCUPATION DAY PARADE, AUGUST 13, 1938, MANILA, P.I
creatorOf Quezon, Manuel Luis, 1878-1944. Manuel Luis Quezon papers, 1909-1944 [microform]. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Willis, Henry Parker, 1874-1937. Papers, 1863-1937. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf [Filipino World War Two printed materials, 1938-1946]. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Quezon, Manuel Luis, 1878-1944. Letters of Manuel Luis Quezon, 1942. Library of Congress
referencedIn Harrison, Francis Burton, 1873-1957. Quezon Conversations [manuscript], 1935-1938. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Crosby, Oscar Terry, 1861-1947. Oscar Terry Crosby papers, 1878-1947 (bulk 1900-1938). Library of Congress
referencedIn George F. Parker papers, 1919-1926 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Forbes, W. Cameron (William Cameron), 1870-1959. Journals, 1904-1946. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949. Papers, 1872-1949 Houghton Library
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [APR. 24] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Chief Signal Officer. 1860 - 1985. Educational Films. 1942 - 1947. THE PHILIPPINE REPUBLIC National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Roy Wilson Howard Papers, 1911-1966, (bulk 1920-1963) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Harry Burns Hutchins Papers, 1879-1930 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Burton Norvell Harrison family papers, 1812-1926, (bulk 1913-1921) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Harry H. Bandholtz Papers (Microform), ca. 1890-ca. 1937, 1899-1925 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Paramount Pictures, Inc., Collection. 1951 - 1951. Motion Picture Newsreel Films. 10/1941 - 3/1957. PARAMOUNT NEWS [AUG. 21] National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Gressman, Eugene, 1917-2010. Eugene Gressman papers, 1935-1967. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
Quezon, Manuel Luis, 1878-1944. Manuel Luis Quezon papers, 1909-1944. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
Relation Name
associatedWith Ashurst, Henry Fountain, 1874-1962. person
associatedWith Bandholtz, Harry Hill, 1864-1925. person
associatedWith Bell, Edward Price, 1869-1943. person
associatedWith Brown, Arthur Judson, 1856-1963. person
associatedWith Bumgardner, Eleanor M. (Eleanor Margaret) person
correspondedWith Carpenter, Frank W. (Frank Watson), 1871-1938. person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Crosby, Oscar Terry, 1861-1947. person
associatedWith Forbes, W. Cameron (William Cameron), 1870-1959. person
associatedWith Goodman, Grant Kohn, 1924- person
associatedWith Gressman, Eugene, 1917-2010. person
correspondedWith Harrison, Burton Norvell, 1838-1904. person
associatedWith Harrison, Francis Burton, 1873-1957. person
associatedWith Hayden, Joseph Ralston, 1887-1945 person
associatedWith Howard, Roy Wilson, 1883-1964. person
associatedWith Hutchins, Harry B. (Harry Burns), 1847-1930 person
associatedWith Koch, Theodore Wesley, 1871-1941. person
associatedWith Lapus, Narciso. person
associatedWith Marquardt, Frederic Sylvester, 1905- person
associatedWith McNutt, Paul V. (Paul Vories), 1891-1955 person
associatedWith Murphy, George, 1897-1961 person
associatedWith Parker, Frank. person
associatedWith Parker, George F. (George Frederick), 1847-1928. person
associatedWith Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961 person
associatedWith Rogers, Paul P. person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1887-1944. person
associatedWith Sayre, Francis Bowes, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf University of Santo Tomás corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
associatedWith Willis, Henry Parker, 1874-1937. person
associatedWith Winslow, Erving, 1839-1922. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Manila NCR PH
Saranac Lake NY US
Baler 03 PH
Province of Quezon 40 PH
Subject
Lawyers--Philippines
Lawyers
Occupation
Presidents--Philippines
Soldiers
Representatives, U.S. Congress
Federal Government Official
Activity

Person

Birth 1878-08-19

Death 1944-08-01

Spaniards,

Filipinos

Spanish; Castilian,

English

Information

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