Rocker, Rudolf, 1873-1958

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Born in Mainz, 1873; confined to an orphanage in Mainz, 1883; transferred to a reformatory; bookbinder's apprentice; joined the Fachverein für Buchbinder and was inducted into the local German Social Democratic Party (SPD), 1890; became a member of the young left-wing oppositionists, the Jungen, and with them, was expelled from the SPD, 1891; joined the underground movement led by the German anarchist Johann Most; German police discovered that Rocker had been smuggling illegal propaganda into Germany and he escaped into France, 1892; increased anti-anarchist police operations in Paris forced Rocker to return to London, 1895; librarian of the first section of the Communist Workers Educational Union; led East End Jews against sweatshops in the London clothing trade; editor of the Yiddish political journal, the new Arbeter Fraint , 1898-1915; helped set up the Jubilee Street Club, 1906; interned as an 'enemy alien', 1914-1918; after a short stay in Holland, settled in Berlin; activist and writer involved in a marginalised syndicalist group; contributed many articles to the Syndikalist , 1920s; fled the Nazis and emigrated to New York, 1933; embarked on a final career both as a writer and coast-to-coast lecturer across the USA and Canada, addressing vast audiences on the dangers of racialism and especially of political authoritarianism; died, 1958.

Publications: Nationalism and Culture (1937).

From the guide to the ROCKER, Rudolf (1873-1958), c 1950s, (Queen Mary, University of London)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Cook, Cassius V., 1879-1950. Cassius Cook papers, 1908-1950. University of Michigan
creatorOf ROCKER, Rudolf (1873-1958), c 1950s Queen Mary, University of London
referencedIn Berkman, Alexander, 1870-1936. Letter, 1930 Nov. 19 [n.p.] to [Max Metzkow, n.p.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. Letter, 1947 Jul. 18 [Ann Arbor] to Rudolf Rocker, Crampond, N.Y. University of Michigan
referencedIn Tamiment Library Manuscript Files, Bulk, 1910-1965, 1749-1988 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Joseph Ishill papers, 1888-1966. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Nold, Carl, 1869-1934. Correspondence, with Agnes Inglis, 1917-1934. University of Michigan
referencedIn Sherry Mangan papers, 1923-1961. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Tamiment Library. Tamiment Library manuscript files collection relating to individuals and organizations associated with radicalism, the labor movement, and progressive social action in the United States, 1950-2001 (bulk 1910-1965). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Cook, Cassius V., 1879-1950. Papers, 1908-1950. University of Michigan
referencedIn Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940. Papers of Leon Malmed and Emma Goldman, 1899-1982 (inclusive), 1899-1940 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940. Letters, 1922-1940, to Mark Mrachnyĭ. University of Michigan
creatorOf Bell, T. H. (Thomas H.), 1867-1942. Articles for publication, 1922-1940. University of Michigan
referencedIn John Nicholas Beffel Papers, 1909-1970 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Howells family papers, 1850-1954 (inclusive). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Mrachnyĭ, Mark. Mark Mrachnyĭ papers, 1922-1940. University of Michigan
referencedIn Nold, Carl, 1869-1934. Letters, to Stephanus Fabijanovic and Alfred Sanftleben, 1928-1933. University of Michigan
creatorOf Rocker, Rudolf, 1873-1958. Der Anarchism; Ziele und Richtungen [1937?] University of Michigan
referencedIn Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. Correspondence of Upton Sinclair, 1923-1942. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Johnson, Bertha F., 1880-. Correspondence, with Agnes Inglis, 1933-1951. University of Michigan
referencedIn Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. Correspondence, with Johanna Clevans and Mark [Mrachnyĭ] 1934-1951. University of Michigan
creatorOf Rocker, Rudolf, 1873-1958. Letters, to Stephanus Fabijanovic, 1927-1930. University of Michigan
creatorOf Mrachnyĭ, Mark. Papers, 1922-1940. University of Michigan
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Pacific Street Films. Photographs, 1919-1980. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Rocker, Rudolf, 1873-1958. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1935-1944. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Metzkow, Max, 1854-1945. Letters, to Stephanus Fabijanovic and/or Alfred Sanftleben, 1918-1933. University of Michigan
creatorOf Bluestein, Abe. Abe and Selma Bluestein papers, 1930-1991. University of Michigan
referencedIn Pacific Street Films Photographs, Bulk, 1940-1959, 1919-1980, (Bulk circa 1950-1959) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Beffel, John Nicholas person
associatedWith Berkman, Alexander, 1870-1936. person
associatedWith Bluestein, Abe. person
associatedWith Cook, Cassius V., 1879-1950. person
associatedWith Fabijanovic, Stephanus, 1868-1933. person
associatedWith Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940. person
associatedWith Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. person
correspondedWith Ishill, Joseph. person
associatedWith Johnson, Bertha F., 1880- person
correspondedWith Mangan, Sherry, 1904- person
associatedWith Metzkow, Max, 1854-1945. person
associatedWith Mrachnyĭ, Mark. person
associatedWith Nold, Carl, 1869-1934. person
associatedWith Pacific Street Films. corporateBody
correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. person
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Wars (events)
Humanitarian law
World wars (events)
International conflict
World War One (1914-1918)
Internment camps


Birth 1873-03-25

Death 1958-09-19





Ark ID: w6765hnp

SNAC ID: 16439062