Rocker, Rudolf, 1873-1958

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Born in Mainz, 1873; confined to an orphanage in Mainz, 1883; transferred to a reformatory; bookbinder's apprentice; joined the Fachverein für Buchbinder and was inducted into the local German Social Democratic Party (SPD), 1890; became a member of the young left-wing oppositionists, the Jungen, and with them, was expelled from the SPD, 1891; joined the underground movement led by the German anarchist Johann Most; German police discovered that Rocker had been smuggling illegal propaganda into Germany and he escaped into France, 1892; increased anti-anarchist police operations in Paris forced Rocker to return to London, 1895; librarian of the first section of the Communist Workers Educational Union; led East End Jews against sweatshops in the London clothing trade; editor of the Yiddish political journal, the new Arbeter Fraint , 1898-1915; helped set up the Jubilee Street Club, 1906; interned as an 'enemy alien', 1914-1918; after a short stay in Holland, settled in Berlin; activist and writer involved in a marginalised syndicalist group; contributed many articles to the Syndikalist , 1920s; fled the Nazis and emigrated to New York, 1933; embarked on a final career both as a writer and coast-to-coast lecturer across the USA and Canada, addressing vast audiences on the dangers of racialism and especially of political authoritarianism; died, 1958.

Publications: Nationalism and Culture (1937).

From the guide to the ROCKER, Rudolf (1873-1958), c 1950s, (Queen Mary, University of London)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Cook, Cassius V., 1879-1950. Cassius Cook papers, 1908-1950. University of Michigan
creatorOf ROCKER, Rudolf (1873-1958), c 1950s Queen Mary, University of London
referencedIn Berkman, Alexander, 1870-1936. Letter, 1930 Nov. 19 [n.p.] to [Max Metzkow, n.p.] University of Michigan
creatorOf Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. Letter, 1947 Jul. 18 [Ann Arbor] to Rudolf Rocker, Crampond, N.Y. University of Michigan
referencedIn Tamiment Library Manuscript Files, Bulk, 1910-1965, 1749-1988 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Joseph Ishill papers, 1888-1966. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Nold, Carl, 1869-1934. Correspondence, with Agnes Inglis, 1917-1934. University of Michigan
referencedIn Sherry Mangan papers, 1923-1961. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Tamiment Library. Tamiment Library manuscript files collection relating to individuals and organizations associated with radicalism, the labor movement, and progressive social action in the United States, 1950-2001 (bulk 1910-1965). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Cook, Cassius V., 1879-1950. Papers, 1908-1950. University of Michigan
referencedIn Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940. Papers of Leon Malmed and Emma Goldman, 1899-1982 (inclusive), 1899-1940 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940. Letters, 1922-1940, to Mark Mrachnyĭ. University of Michigan
creatorOf Bell, T. H. (Thomas H.), 1867-1942. Articles for publication, 1922-1940. University of Michigan
referencedIn John Nicholas Beffel Papers, 1909-1970 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Howells family papers, 1850-1954 (inclusive). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Mrachnyĭ, Mark. Mark Mrachnyĭ papers, 1922-1940. University of Michigan
referencedIn Nold, Carl, 1869-1934. Letters, to Stephanus Fabijanovic and Alfred Sanftleben, 1928-1933. University of Michigan
creatorOf Rocker, Rudolf, 1873-1958. Der Anarchism; Ziele und Richtungen [1937?] University of Michigan
referencedIn Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. Correspondence of Upton Sinclair, 1923-1942. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Johnson, Bertha F., 1880-. Correspondence, with Agnes Inglis, 1933-1951. University of Michigan
referencedIn Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. Correspondence, with Johanna Clevans and Mark [Mrachnyĭ] 1934-1951. University of Michigan
creatorOf Rocker, Rudolf, 1873-1958. Letters, to Stephanus Fabijanovic, 1927-1930. University of Michigan
creatorOf Mrachnyĭ, Mark. Papers, 1922-1940. University of Michigan
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Pacific Street Films. Photographs, 1919-1980. Churchill County Museum
creatorOf Rocker, Rudolf, 1873-1958. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1935-1944. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Metzkow, Max, 1854-1945. Letters, to Stephanus Fabijanovic and/or Alfred Sanftleben, 1918-1933. University of Michigan
creatorOf Bluestein, Abe. Abe and Selma Bluestein papers, 1930-1991. University of Michigan
referencedIn Pacific Street Films Photographs, Bulk, 1940-1959, 1919-1980, (Bulk circa 1950-1959) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Beffel, John Nicholas person
associatedWith Berkman, Alexander, 1870-1936. person
associatedWith Bluestein, Abe. person
associatedWith Cook, Cassius V., 1879-1950. person
associatedWith Fabijanovic, Stephanus, 1868-1933. person
associatedWith Goldman, Emma, 1869-1940. person
associatedWith Inglis, Agnes, 1870-1952. person
correspondedWith Ishill, Joseph. person
associatedWith Johnson, Bertha F., 1880- person
correspondedWith Mangan, Sherry, 1904- person
associatedWith Metzkow, Max, 1854-1945. person
associatedWith Mrachnyĭ, Mark. person
associatedWith Nold, Carl, 1869-1934. person
associatedWith Pacific Street Films. corporateBody
correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968. person
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Wars (events)
Humanitarian law
World wars (events)
International conflict
World War One (1914-1918)
Internment camps


Birth 1873-03-25

Death 1958-09-19





Ark ID: w6765hnp

SNAC ID: 16439062