Meyerhof, Otto, 1884-1951

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Otto Meyerhof was born in Hannover in 1884. He studied medicine in Berlin, Strassburg, Freiburg and Heidelberg, where he obtained his MD degree in 1909 with a thesis on psychology. Under the influence of Otto Warburg his interest turned to cellular physiology. He taught first at the University of Kiel and later in Berlin and Heidelberg. In 1922 he received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He left Germany in 1938 and went to Paris, where he became Director of Research at the Institut de Biologie physico-chimique. In 1940, he immigrated to the US where the position of Research Professor of Physiological Chemistry had been created for him by the University of Pennsylvania and the Rockefeller Foundation.

From the guide to the Otto Meyerhof Collection, 1904-1963, (Leo Baeck Institute Archives)

German physiologist.

From the description of Typewritten letters signed (2) : Berlin and Heidelberg, to Professor K. Fajans, 1925 June 12 and 1933 Sept. 27. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270640695

Otto Meyerhof was born in Hanover on April 12, 1884, the son of Felix and Bettina May Meyerhof. Meyerhof earned his M.D. from the University of Heidelberg in 1909. He joined the medical clinic of Ludolf Krehl and while there was influenced by Otto Warburg to turn his attention and interest from psychology and philosophy to cellular physiology. From 1909 to 1911 he worked at the zoological station at Naples. Meyerhof accepted an appointment at the institute of physiology at the University of Kiel in 1912 becoming a lecturer in 1913 and associate professor in 1918. With A.V. Hill, he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1923 for work on lactic acid and its relation to muscular energy. In 1924 he was appointed a member of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Biology and in 1929 became the director of the department of physiology at the Kaiser Wilhem Institute for Medical Research. In 1928, Meyerhof began his migration away from Nazi Germany, ultimately, with the aid of the Rockefeller Foundation, emigrating to the United States in 1940. He accepted a position at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine as professor of biochemistry. He remained with the University until his death in 1951.

From the description of Papers, 1900-1980. (University of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 122597537

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf [Otto Meyerhof, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
creatorOf Meyerhof, Otto, 1884-1951. Letter. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Meyerhof, Otto, 1884-1951. Papers, 1900-1980. University of Pennsylvania, Archives & Records Center
referencedIn Nachmansohn, David, 1899-. David Nachmansohn papers, 1918-1981. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Otto Meyerhof Collection, 1904-1963 Leo Baeck Institute Archives
creatorOf Meyerhof, Otto, 1884-1951. Typewritten letters signed (2) : Berlin and Heidelberg, to Professor K. Fajans, 1925 June 12 and 1933 Sept. 27. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Blencke, E. Elisabeth. person
associatedWith Bohr, Niels, 1885-1962 person
associatedWith Breusch, F. L. person
associatedWith Cori, C. F. (Carl Ferdinand), 1896-1984. person
associatedWith Deuticke, H. J. person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Dubuisson, Marcel. person
associatedWith Emergency Society of German Scholars in Exile. corporateBody
associatedWith Encyclopaedia Hebraica. corporateBody
associatedWith Fajans, Kasimir, 1887- person
associatedWith Fischer, Hermann O. L. person
associatedWith Genevois, Louis. person
associatedWith Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von, 1749-1832 person
associatedWith Guttmann, Walter, b. 1873. person
associatedWith Hahn, Otto. person
associatedWith Hill, A. V. (Archibald Vivian), 1886- person
associatedWith Kiessling, Wilhelm. person
associatedWith Kraft, Julius, 1898-1960. person
associatedWith Kuhn, Richard, 1900-1967. person
associatedWith Landenburg, Rudolph. person
associatedWith Laue, Max von, 1879-1960. person
associatedWith Lippman, Fritz. person
associatedWith Mark, H. F. (Herman Francis), 1895-1992. person
associatedWith Mechlenberg, Karl. person
associatedWith Meyerhof, George Geoffry. person
associatedWith Muralt, Alexander von, 1903-1990. person
associatedWith Nachmansohn, David, 1899-1983. person
associatedWith Nachod, Hans, 1885-1958. person
associatedWith Nelson, Leonard, 1882-1927 person
associatedWith Ochoa, Severo, 1905-1993. person
associatedWith Ohlmeyer, Paul. person
associatedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956. person
associatedWith Schulz, Walter. person
associatedWith Shapely, Harlow. person
associatedWith Siebeck, Richard, 1883-1965. person
associatedWith Spemann, Friedrich Wilhelm. person
associatedWith Svent-Györgi, Albert, 1893-1986. person
associatedWith University of Pennsylvania. School of Medicine corporateBody
associatedWith Vandyk, Arthur. person
associatedWith Wald, George. person
associatedWith Warburg, Otto Heinrich, 1883-1970. person
associatedWith Weber, Hans Hermann, 1896-1974. person
associatedWith Wilson, D. Wright. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Germany
Pennsylvania--Philadelphia
Subject
Nobel prizes
Poetry
Nobel Prize winners
Physiologists
World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, Jewish
Physiology--Research
Cell interaction
World War, 1939-1945--Evacuation of civilians
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1884-04-12

Death 1951-10-06

Germans

German

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