Metcalfe, Thomas, 1780-1855

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Thomas Metcalfe, born March 10, 1780, was governor of Kentucky from 1828-1832. Before serving as governor, he was a Kentucky representative and a U.S. representative. In the 1820's, he joined the John Quincy Adams-Henry Clay political faction which became known as the National Republicans. After serving as governor, Metcalfe served as state senator (1834-38) and then held a brief term (June 1848-March 1849) in the U.S. Senate, where he denounced secession. In 1848, he campaigned on behalf of Zachary Taylor in his bid for the presidency. His argument with John Cabell Breckinridge stemmed from Free-Soil speeches Metcalfe and Breckinridge's opponent for a U.S. House seat, Robert Perkins Letcher, made while campaigning in Indiana for Taylor. A friend of Breckinridge, John F. Robinson, had the speeches printed in Kentucky papers just as the race between Letcher and Breckinridge gathered steam. Metcalfe lived the rest of his life at his Nicholas County farm, Forest Retreat, where he died of cholera in 1855.

From the description of Thomas Metcalfe letters, 1824-1852. (Kentucky Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 39086430

Politician.

Thomas Metcalfe was born in Fauquier County, Virginia, but came to Kentucky with his parents at an early age. He became a stonemason and worked on courthouses and other buildings. During the War of 1812 he led a company of volunteers in the battle of Fort Meigs, Ohio. He was elected to the Kentucky General Assembly in 1812 and held his seat until 1816. He served in the U.S. Congress from 1819 to 1828, where he was allied with the faction supporting Henry Clay. He was nominated by the Clay-John Quincy Adams party to oppose the Jacksonian Democrat candidate, William T. Barry, in the 1828 Kentucky gubernatorial race. Metcalfe won the contest and served a four-year term. He later returned to the General Assembly and became active in the new Whig Party. He served briefly as U.S. Senator, replacing John J. Crittenden when he ran for governor. Metcalfe retired to his Nicholas County farm, where he died in 1855.

From the description of Thomas Metcalfe letters, 1807-1841, 1821-1841 (bulk dates). (University of Kentucky Libraries). WorldCat record id: 13729723

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Petitions for remissions, 1829-1832. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Taylor-Cannon family. Taylor-Cannon family papers, 1741-1949. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Letter book, 1829. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Special studies and reports to the governor, 1830-1831. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Shaw, John B., fl. 1829. John B. Shaw letter, 1829 Aug. 3. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Pierce, Jeremiah. Jeremiah Pierce letter, 1831 June 18. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Vawter, Edmund F. Letter. 29 January 1830. ALS. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Metcalfe, Henry C. Henry C. Metcalfe-Thomas Metcalfe papers, 1852-1888. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Beatty-Quisenberry family. Beaty-Quisenberry familty papers, 1798-1962. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn National Republican Party (Ky.). Convention. National Republican Party (Ky.). Convention minutes, 1827. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Mackoy family. Mackoy family papers, 1784-1943. University of Kentucky Libraries
creatorOf Monroe, James, 1758-1831. Land records : of James Monroe, 1783-1830. James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Appointments by the governor - civil appointments, 1829-1832. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Requisitions for the return of fugitives from justice, 1830-1832. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Graham, Daniel, 1789-1869. Daniel Graham letter, 1829 May 21. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Metcalfe, Thomas, 1780-1855. Thomas Metcalfe letters, 1807-1841, 1821-1841 (bulk dates). University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Subunit history. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Messages to the General Assembly, [1828-1832?]. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
creatorOf Van Buren, Martin, 1782-1862. Printed letter signed M. Van Buren, to: "His Excellency, the Governor of Kentucky," April 16, 1829, Washington. Wellesley College
referencedIn Smith, Dabney Howard, 1821-1889. Dabney Howard Smith : miscellaneous papers, 1847-1926. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Stokes, Montfort, 1762-1842. Gov. Montfort Stokes letter, 1831 July 1. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Appprehension of fugitives from justice papers, 1829-1832 (bulk 1829, 1832). Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn National Republican Party (Ky.). Convention. Minutes, 1827 Dec. 17-18. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Metcalfe, Thomas, 1780-1855. Thomas Metcalfe collection, 1706-1958 (bulk 1760-1862). Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Appointments by the governor - military appointments, 1828-1832. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Executive journal, 1828-1832. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Enrolled bills, 1828-1831. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
creatorOf Boone, Nathan. Removal of Daniel Boone's remains : letters, acts, and photostats, 1845-1937. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Proposed regimental boundary line changes, [1828-1832?]. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Stanton, Richard H. (Richard Henry), 1812-1891. Richard H. Stanton : miscellaneous papers, 1847-1853. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. Metcalfe collection, 1706-1958 (bulk 1760-1862). Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Petitions for pardons, 1829-1832. Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives, KDLA
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Governor's correspondence, 1829-1832. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Executive minute book, 1828-1832. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
creatorOf United States. General Land Office. George Graham letter, 1830 June 10. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
creatorOf Metcalfe, Thomas, 1780-1855. Thomas Metcalfe letters, 1824-1852. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe). Military correspondence, 1829-1832. Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Kentucky State Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Beatty-Quisenberry family. family
associatedWith Beatty, William R. person
associatedWith Boone, Nathan. person
correspondedWith Breckinridge, John C. (John Cabell), 1821-1875 person
correspondedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850 person
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. person
correspondedWith Clay, Henry, 1811-1847 person
associatedWith Combs, Leslie, 1793-1881. person
correspondedWith Crittenden, John J. (John Jordan), 1787-1863 person
associatedWith Gales & Seaton. corporateBody
correspondedWith Graham, Daniel, 1789-1869. person
associatedWith Kentucky. Governor (1828-1832 : Metcalfe) corporateBody
associatedWith Letcher, Robert Perkins, 1788-1861. person
associatedWith Lewis, John H. person
associatedWith Mackoy family. family
associatedWith Metcalfe, Henry C. person
associatedWith Metcalfe, John, 1724-1799. person
associatedWith Metcalfe, Leonidas. person
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831. person
associatedWith National Republican Party (Ky.). Convention. corporateBody
associatedWith National Republican Party (Ky.). Convention. corporateBody
correspondedWith Pierce, Jeremiah. person
associatedWith Poage, Robert. person
associatedWith Reid, Joseph B. person
associatedWith Respess, Austin C. person
correspondedWith Shaw, John B., fl. 1829. person
associatedWith Smith, Dabney Howard, 1821-1889. person
associatedWith Smith, Thomas. person
associatedWith Southard, Samuel L. (Samuel Lewis), 1787-1842. person
associatedWith Stanton, Richard H. (Richard Henry), 1812-1891. person
correspondedWith Stokes, Montfort, 1762-1842. person
associatedWith Taylor-Cannon family. person
correspondedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850 person
associatedWith Thompson, Smith. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. General Land Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Buren, Martin, 1782-1862. person
associatedWith Vawter, Edmund F. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Kentucky
Kentucky
United States
Kentucky
United States
Subject
Politicians--19th century
Elections--19th century
Politics--19th century
Occupation
Politicians
Function

Person

Birth 1780-03-20

Death 1855-08-18

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