Boulton, Matthew, 1728-1809

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Matthew Boulton (1728-1809) inherited his father's metal business in 1759, and began building a new factory in 1761, just north of Birmingham at Soho in Handsworth, England. It housed workshops, offices, a showroom, and accommodation for the workers. It produced buttons, buckles, boxes and japanned wares, as well as more luxury goods such as silverware. By 1775, the factory employed over 700 people, working in over 40 workshops. In 1788, when he believed he would soon receive a large coinage order from the Government, Boulton built the first mint at Soho. The Mint was equipped with steam-powered presses, the use of which was largely due to his partnership with the inventor James Watt (1736-1819). The Mint was enlarged in 1791, enabling the production of many other coins and medals, and it began to supply equipment to other mints in England and abroad. It also supplied copper to the United State Mint for use in minting minor coins. Boulton spent over twenty years investing in and perfecting the minting of coins and medals. It came to dominate the final years of his life, and he considered it to be his greatest achievement.

From the description of Boulton, Matthew, 1728-1809 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10568910

Matthew Boulton worked as an engineer.

From the guide to the Silver pattern books, [n.d.], n.d., (American Philosophical Society)

Matthew Boulton was an engineer.

From the description of Silver pattern books, [n.d.]. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122616327

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Records of the U.S. Mint. 1792 - 2007. Correspondence of Matthew R. Boulton and M. Robinson Boulton
referencedIn Malesherbes, Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de, 1721-1794. Voyage en Angleterre, 1785 April 3-May 27. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Ganter, Herbert Lawrence, 1904-1980. Research materials, ca. 1680-1948, concerning William Small (1734-1775). Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Gilpin, Joshua, 1765-1841. Letters to Matthew Boulton, 1798-1803 [typescripts]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn University of Michigan. News and Information Services. Faculty and Staff Files, 1944-2005 (bulk 1960-1995) Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf James Watt and Company (Birmingham, England). [Letter, 1788 Oct. 26] Birmingham [to] Count Cavalli, Venice / Boulton & Watt. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820. Sir Joseph Banks papers, 1763-1830 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Sir Joseph Banks papers, 1763-1830 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Boulton, Matthew 1728-1809. Descripción de los aparatos inventados para elevar agua y otros fluidos, y modos de realizarlo [Manuscrito] Mateo Boulton, escudero de Soho, en el Condado de Staffordshire. Biblioteca Nacional de España, Biblioteca Nacional - Madrid
creatorOf Boulton, Matthew, 1728-1809. Silver pattern books, [n.d.]. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Banks, Joseph, 1743-1820. Sir Joseph Banks papers, 1763-1830 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Gilpin, Joshua, 1765-1841. Journals and notebooks, 1790-1833 [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Records of the U.S. Mint. 1792 - 2007. Letters Sent
referencedIn Voyage en Angleterre, 1785 April 3-May 27, 1785 April 3 - 1785 May 27 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Silver pattern books, [n.d.], n.d. American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pattern books
Ingeniería hidráulica--Historia


Birth 1728-09-03

Death 1809-08-17





Ark ID: w63f5g0x

SNAC ID: 37001010