Richter, Hans, 1888-1976

Alternative names
Birth 1888-04-06
Death 1976-02-01
German, French, Dutch; Flemish, English

Biographical notes:

German-born avant-garde artist and filmmaker.

From the description of Hans Richter archive, 1916-1977. (Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)). WorldCat record id: 122594159

German painter and film-maker, who emigrated in 1931. He lived and worked first in the Soviet Union, then France and Switzerland before settling in the U.S. in 1941, where he taught from 1942-1956 at the Institute of Film Technique, New York City College. In 1958 he returned to Switzerland where he died.

From the description of Papers, 1929-1968. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 81036285

German-born filmmaker Hans Richter was influential in the European avant-garde of the 1920s. His animated films 'Rhythmus 21', 'Rhythmus 23', and 'Rhythmus 25' evolved from his studies of 'rhythm in painting' with Viking Eggeling. Because the abstract shapes and colors in Richter's Dadaist films resemble Suprematist compositions, he attracted the attention and admiration of Russian painter Kazimir Malevich, whose 1927 film script for 'An artistic and scientific film: painting and the problems of the architectural approach to the new classical architectural system' bears the instruction 'for Hans Richter.' However, Richter did not attempt to realize Malevich's film until he had emigrated to the United States and completed several other films, including 'Dreams that money can buy' (1944-46) and 'Dadascope 1 and 2' (1957). In 1970 Richter began work on, but never completed, the Malevich animation.

From the description of Malevich animation, 1970-1981. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 86117072

Filmmaker; New York, N.Y.

First one-man show in 1916, the same year he joined the Dadaists. His interest in the movement of forms led him first to scroll painting and then to film. He produced his first movie in 1921 and then went on to create Dreams That Money Can Buy, with Duchamp, Ernst, Calder and Man Ray, and 8 X 8, among others.

From the description of Hans Theo Richter papers, [ca. 1914-1981]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86132904


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Ark ID:


  • Photography, Artistic
  • Art and motion pictures
  • Art, Modern--20th century
  • Motion pictures--Production and direction
  • Experimental films--20th century--Sources
  • Dadaism in motion pictures
  • Art, Abstract--20th century--Sources
  • Unfinished animated films
  • Suprematism in art
  • Dadaism
  • Motion picture producers and directors--Archives
  • Animation (Cinematography)
  • Cinematography, Abstract
  • Experimental films
  • Radio plays, German


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