Dreyfus, Alfred, 1859-1935

Alternative names
Birth 1859-10-09
Death 1935-07-12

Biographical notes:

The Dreyfus Affair was the controversy after the treason conviction (1894) of Captain Alfred Dreyfus (1859-1935), a French general staff officer, who was later acquitted. Fernand Labori was his lawyer.

From the description of Correspondence and documents concerning the Dreyfus Affair, 1889-1931. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 78435080

Alfred Dreyfus was a French army officer, born October 19, 1859 in Mulhouse, France.

Dreyfus was educated at the Ecole polytechnique and after entering military service, he rose to the rank of captain in 1889. While assigned to the War Ministry, Dreyfus was accused of selling military secrets to the Germany. The legal preceedings were based on insufficient evidence, but public opinion and the French Press, largely anti-semitic at the time were biased against Dreyfus. He was sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil's Island in 1894. The Dreyfus affair split France in two between conservative and progressive forces. On January 13, 1898, the novelist Emile Zola wrote an open letter published on the front page of "Aurore" under the headline, "J'Accuse" in which he accused the army of covering up its mistaken conviction of Dreyfus. More trials followed, but it was not until 1899 that Alfred Dreyfus was declared innocent of the charges. Alfred Dreyfus died July 12, 1935 in Paris.

From the description of Alfred Dreyfus collection, 1897-1997. (Johns Hopkins University). WorldCat record id: 52539522


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  • Political posters, French
  • Press and politics--19th century
  • Penal colonies--19th century
  • Antisemitism--History--19th century
  • Antisemitism--19th century
  • French wit and humor, Pictorial


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  • French Guiana--Devil's Island (as recorded)
  • Devil's Island (French Guiana) (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)