Gruenther, Alfred M. (Alfred Maximilian), 1899-1983Alternative names
Alfred Maximilian Gruenther (1899-1983) was a military officer, educator, bridge expert, and author. Nicknamed "the Brain" by colleagues, Gruenther was respected worldwide for his extraordinary analytical and strategic skills as a staff officer and soldier-diplomat. Gruenther's career of nearly forty years in the U.S. Army reached a pinnacle in 1951, when he was named chief of staff at North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) headquarters and became, at fifty-three years of age, the youngest four-star general in Army history. Two years later he was promoted to commander of Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers, Europe (SHAPE). This triumph capped years of varied service. Gruenther's military posts prior to World War II included eight years of instructing in mathematics, electricity, and chemistry at West Point, the U.S. Military Academy. For part of World War II he served as deputy chief of staff of Allied Force Headquarters in London under General Dwight Eisenhower. Gruenther later served General Mark Clark as chief of staff of the Fifth Army and Fifteenth Army in the Mediterranean theater and was responsible for planning the invasions of North Africa, Salerno, and Sicily. Following his 1956 retirement as commander of SHAPE, he became president of the American Red Cross. He was also known internationally as a bridge player, tournament director, and referee.
From the description of Gruenther, Alfred M. (Alfred Maximilian), 1899-1983 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10574714
American army officer.
From the description of Autograph letters signed (5) : "Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe", to Mrs. John C. Hughes, variously dated [no year]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270507537
From the description of Reminiscences of Alfred M. Gruenther : oral history, 1967. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122527722
From the description of Reminiscences of Alfred M. Gruenther : oral history, 1965. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122684348
- Military assistance, American
- United States (as recorded)